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Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine: Decoding the Literary Record

Richard Kalmin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306194
eISBN:
9780199784998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306198.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Babylonian Talmud was compiled in the 3rd through 6th centuries CE, by rabbis living under Sasanian Persian rule in the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. What kind of society did ... More


Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Moulie Vidas

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book offers a new perspective on perhaps the most important religious text of the Jewish tradition. It is widely recognized that the creators of the Talmud innovatively interpreted and changed ... More


Forms of Rabbinic Literature and Thought: An Introduction

Alexander Samely

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296736
eISBN:
9780191712067
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296736.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book surveys the corpus of rabbinic literature, which was written in Hebrew and Aramaic about 1,500 years ago and which contains the foundations of Judaism, in particular the Talmud. The ... More


Belief in 5600 (1840) as the Year of Redemption

Arie Morgenstern

in Hastening Redemption: Messianism and the Resettlement of the Land of Israel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195305784
eISBN:
9780199784820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305787.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Various End-reckonings, based on both the Talmud and the Zohar, led to the conclusion that the Messiah would appear in 5600 A.M. (the six-hundredth year of the sixth millennium), corresponding to ... More


Idolatry in Late Antique Babylonia

Richard Kalmin

in Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine: Decoding the Literary Record

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306194
eISBN:
9780199784998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306198.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter argues that Persian attitudes and practices with regard to idols and idol worship had a significant impact on Babylonia, constituting another respect in which Babylonia was more Persian ... More


Persian Persecutions of the Jews

Richard Kalmin

in Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine: Decoding the Literary Record

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306194
eISBN:
9780199784998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306198.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter attempts to exemplify the contention first presented in the introduction that significant aspects of the history of the Jews of late antiquity will have to be rewritten once the latest ... More


Talmudic Texts

Eyal Ben-Eliyahu, Yehudah Cohn, and Fergus Millar

in Handbook of Jewish Literature from Late Antiquity, 135–700 CE

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265222
eISBN:
9780191771873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265222.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter describes the following Talmudic texts: the Mishnah; the Tosefta; the Talmud Yerushalmi/Palestinian Talmud; the Talmud Bavli/Babylonian Talmud; Minor Tractates; and external tractates ... More


The Division into Layers

Moulie Vidas

in Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the historical development of the anonymous layer, complicating the notion that the division in style and function between the stam and the traditions reflects a difference in ... More


The Talmud as Conversation and Repository

Alexander Samely

in Forms of Rabbinic Literature and Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296736
eISBN:
9780191712067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296736.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the literary features in the Babylonian Talmud. The Gemara's use of earlier rabbinic voices appears partly carefully orchestrated and partly merely accumulative. The lemmatic ... More


The Purity of the Second Temple in Rabbinic Literature

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines an array of rabbinic sources concerning the temple, including Mishnah, Midrash, and Talmud, drawing a number of contrasts with Qumran literature in particular. The Rabbis seem ... More


Redemption Under Law

George P. Fletcher

in Our Secret Constitution: How Lincoln Redefined American Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156287
eISBN:
9780199872169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195156285.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the influence of religious ideas on legal values and experience, citing examples from religious law (especially Jewish law and the Talmud), the French civil code, and the ... More


 Kabbalists in the Community

Pinchas Giller

in Shalom Shar'abi and the Kabbalists of Beit El

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328806
eISBN:
9780199870196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328806.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Beit El circles, from their inception to the present, have seen themselves as practicing the most essential and avant‐garde form of Judaism. To this end, the Beit El tradition developed specific ... More


Introduction

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the Jews' transition into urban and skilled occupations. This transition was the outcome of a profound transformation of the Jewish religion after ... More


Were the Jews a Persecuted Minority?

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the arguments set forth to explain why the Jews became a population of skilled craftsmen, traders, bankers, and physicians and why they created a worldwide urban diaspora. These ... More


Jews in the Talmud Era, 200–650: The Chosen Few

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter shows that the implications of the economic theory in the previous chapter are consistent with what happened to the Jewish people during the five centuries following the destruction of ... More


God and David

Peter Schäfer

in The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter deals with an exegesis of Daniel 7:9, found only in the Babylonian Talmud, which boldly assigns the Messiah–King David a throne in heaven, next to that of God. This presents a clear ... More


God and Metatron

Peter Schäfer

in The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter focuses on Metatron, that enigmatic figure assuming the title “Lesser God.” It begins with an analysis of a midrash transmitted only in the Bavli, in which Rav Idith—a Babylonian amora ... More


The Birth of the Messiah, or Why Did Baby Messiah Disappear?

Peter Schäfer

in The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter discusses the emergence of “Christianity” from “Judaism,” examining a famous midrash in the Jerusalem Talmud about the disappearance of the newborn Messiah. Instead of tracking the more ... More


Introduction

Moulie Vidas

in Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book examines compositional practices, historical developments, and passages that reveal the way the creators of the Babylonian Talmud (or Bavli) conceived themselves. It complements the ... More


The Alterity of Tradition

Moulie Vidas

in Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the famous opening sugya of tractate Bava Qamma to show how the Babylonian Talmud's creators could use an ambitious literary design to highlight the gap between their own words ... More


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