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What kind of responsibility must criminal law presuppose?

R.A. DUFF

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the kind of responsibility that we must have, if the enterprise of criminal law and punishment is to be consistent with the demands of justice, is something much more modest, ... More


The Puzzle of Experience

J. J. Valberg

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242918
eISBN:
9780191680625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242918.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If we reason in a certain way about our experience, we are driven to the conclusion that what is present to us — the object of our experience — is something that exists only in so far as it is ... More


Reflective Knowledge: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume II

Ernest Sosa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199217250
eISBN:
9780191696053
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217250.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book argues for a reflective virtue epistemology based on a kind of virtuous circularity that may be found explicitly or just below the surface in the epistemological writings of Descartes, ... More


Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

P. M. S Hacker

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245697
eISBN:
9780191602245
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924569X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Consists of 13 thematically linked essays on different aspects of the philosophy of Wittgenstein, by one of the leading commentators on his work. After an opening overview of Wittgenstein’s ... More


Questions of Expression

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

‘Independence’, or the claim that one can use I to express thoughts without having to identify what is being referred to, is a myth. It depends on a two-step argument from explanation: that it would ... More


Questions of Logic

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

‘The guarantee’, or the claim that any use of I is logically guaranteed against reference-failure as a matter of the meaning of the term, is a myth. If security is a semantic truth, I cannot be a ... More


Introduction

George Sher

in In Praise of Blame

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter sets the stage for a discussion of blame by asking how a world that did not contain it would differ from our world. The chapter poses the problems that the remainder of the book attempts ... More


What Blame Is Not

George Sher

in In Praise of Blame

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter asks what blaming someone adds to believing that he has acted badly. It examines three of the most popular accounts of the additional element: roughly, those which construe it as a ... More


The Practical Turn: Pragmatism in Britain in the Long Twentieth Century

Cheryl Misak and Huw Price (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266168
eISBN:
9780191865237
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266168.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The pragmatist approach to philosophical problems focuses on the role of disputed notions—for example, truth, value, causation, probability, necessity—in our practices. The insight at the heart of ... More


Reasons, Kinds, Ontology

Maria Alvarez

in Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines various kinds of reasons. It classifies reasons into three kinds: justifying, motivating, and explanatory, on account of the three main roles that reasons can play outlined in ... More


Beliefs and Motivating Reasons

Maria Alvarez

in Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the relation between beliefs and motivating reasons. In it, an unusual interpretation of the claim that motivating reasons are beliefs is defended. On this interpretation, ... More


Alternatives

Barry Dainton

in The Phenomenal Self

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Accounts of personal identity that are grounded in experiential continuity are by no means new. This chapter compares the merits of C-theory with some of its competitors. According to one tradition, ... More


Conversation and Responsibility

Michael McKenna

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199740031
eISBN:
9780199918706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740031.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

Moral responsibility can be explained by analogy with a conversation. The relation between a morally responsible agent and those who hold her morally responsible is like the relation between a ... More


Imperiled Compatibilist Approaches

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 7 defends the view that an alternative possibilities requirement for the truth of judgments of objective reasons threatens a variety of prominent compatibilist approaches, such as versions of ... More


Neo‐Kantian Individual Representationalism: Strawson and Evans

Tyler Burge

in Origins of Objectivity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581405
eISBN:
9780191723223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581405.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on one strand of 20th-century neo-Kantianism. It begins with some brief remarks about Kant. It then discusses second-family neo-Kantian Individual Representationalism in Strawson ... More


Reorienting Strawson's Theory of Moral Responsibility

Michael McKenna

in Conversation and Responsibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199740031
eISBN:
9780199918706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740031.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

P. F. Strawson's theory of moral responsibility is assumed to involve three theses. First, morally responsibility is interpersonal because the nature of being responsible is essentially linked to the ... More


On Denoting

David Bostock

in Russell's Logical Atomism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651443
eISBN:
9780191741197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651443.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter outlines Russell’s early theory of denoting in 1903, and the reasons why it should be abandoned. The new theory of 1905 contains objections to the rival views of definite descriptions due ... More


Strawson’s Descriptive Metaphysics

Hans-Johann Glock

in Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890576
eISBN:
9780199980031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Strawson's descriptive metaphysics was the first explicit and elaborate rehabilitation of metaphysics within the analytic tradition. This chapter discusses Strawson's contributions to metaphysics ... More


Must Existence‐Questions Have Answers?

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Sometimes when a presupposition fails, ‘the whole assertive enterprise is wrecked’ (Strawson's phrase). When the assertive enterprise is not wrecked, we have a case of non-catastrophic presupposition ... More


Subjectivity, Selfhood and the Use of the Word ‘I’

Jonardon Ganeri

in Self, No Self?: Perspectives from Analytical, Phenomenological, and Indian Traditions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199593804
eISBN:
9780191595691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593804.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter addresses the following question: ‘Is the minimal sufficient condition for the possession of a capacity to think of oneself as oneself also a minimal sufficient condition for the ... More


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