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Six Reasons for Invoking Evolution in Decision Theory

Peter Hammerstein and Jeffrey R. Stevens

in Evolution and the Mechanisms of Decision Making

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018081
eISBN:
9780262306027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018081.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

How do organisms make decisions? The study of games and decisions has long been guided by a philosophical discourse on concepts of rationality and their implications. This discourse has led to a ... More


Animal Thinking: An Introduction

Randolf Menzel and Julia Fischer

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Since the advent of the cognitive revolution in the 1960s, animals have been viewed as goal-seeking agents that acquire, store, retrieve, and internally process information at many levels of ... More


Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Christoph Engel and Wolf Singer (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Conscious control enables human decision makers to override routines, to exercise willpower, to find innovative solutions, to learn by instruction, to decide collectively, and to justify their ... More


Building a Foundation for Cognitive Search

Peter M. Todd, Thomas T. Hills, and Trevor W. Robbins

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Search is a common and crucial behavior for most organisms. It requires individuals to achieve an adaptive trade-off between exploration for new resources distributed in space or time and ... More


Reporting of Research: Are We in for Better Health Care by 2020?

Holger Schünemann, Davina Ghersi, Julia Kreis, Gerd Antes, and Jean Bousquet

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Logical arguments support the view that complete, transparent, and objective reporting of research results avoids systematic error, misinformation, and unrealistic expectations. Evidence about ... More


Translational Neuroscience: Toward New Therapies

Karoly Nikolich and Steven E. Hyman (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029865
eISBN:
9780262329859
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029865.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Translational neuroscience faces considerable challenges, as available therapies to treat brain and nervous system disorders are extremely limited and dated. Drug efficacy for depression, anxiety, ... More


Complexity and Evolution: Toward a New Synthesis for Economics

David S Wilson and Alan Kirman (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035385
eISBN:
9780262337717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035385.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Two widely heralded yet contested approaches to economics have emerged in recent years. One follows an older, rather neglected approach which emphasizes evolutionary theory in terms of individuals ... More


Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Peter M. Todd, Thomas T. Hills, and Trevor W. Robbins (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Over a century ago, William James proposed that people search through memory much as they rummage through a house looking for lost keys. Like other animal species search space, we scour our ... More


The Neurobiology of Individual Decision Making, Dualism, and Legal Accountability

Paul W. Glimcher

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

There has been an increasing interest in neurobiological analyses of the causes of behavior among many practitioners of criminal law. In some institutional circles this has crystallized as an ... More


How Will Health Care Professionals and Patients Work Together in 2020?: A Manifesto for Change

Ralph Hertwig, Heather Buchan, David A. Davis, Wolfgang Gaissmaier, Martin Härter, Kai Kolpatzik, France Légaré, Norbert Schmacke, and Holger Wormer

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This report calls for a change in health care, while acknowledging that health care systems are highly complex systems for which there is no simple solution. The starting premise is that one needs to ... More


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