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Bayesian Statistics 9

José M. Bernardo, M. J. Bayarri, James O. Berger, A. P. Dawid, David Heckerman, Adrian F. M. Smith, and Mike West (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The Valencia International Meetings on Bayesian Statistics – established in 1979 and held every four years – have been the forum for a definitive overview of current concerns and activities in ... More


Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Frederic Wakeman

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

The most feared man in China, Dai Li, was chief of Chiang Kai-shek's secret service during World War II. This sweeping biography of “China's Himmler”, based on recently opened intelligence archives, ... More


The Power of a Single Number: A Political History of GDP

Philipp Lepenies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231175104
eISBN:
9780231541435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175104.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Widely used since the mid-twentieth century, GDP (gross domestic product) has become the world’s most powerful statistical indicator of national development and progress. Practically all governments ... More


Merchants and Mariners: Selected Maritime Writings of David M. Williams

Lars U. Scholl

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780968128886
eISBN:
9781786944764
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780968128886.001.0001
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This book presents twelve essays by historian David M. Williams, in order to pay tribute to his career. The essays stretch from 1807 through to the end of the nineteenth century, and address both ... More


Gravity's Ghost and Big Dog: Scientific Discovery and Social Analysis in the Twenty-First Century

Harry Collins

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226052298
eISBN:
9780226052328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226052328.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Based in the sociology of scientific knowledge the book describes, in real time, two potential discoveries of gravitational waves, known as the Equinox Event and Big Dog. These were made by the LIGO ... More


A Prejudice Which May Cloud the Mentality: The Making of Objectivity in Early Twentieth-Century Occupational Health

Christopher Sellers

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.11
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Today, environmental health professionals assess hazards in the workplace or the outside air by comparing sampled levels against official Threshold Limit Values (TLV's). But before today's reliance ... More


Looking Upstream

William W. Goldsmith

in Saving Our Cities: A Progressive Plan to Transform Urban America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501704314
eISBN:
9781501706035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704314.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the four “upstream” policies on austerity, schools, food, and drugs. These policies are not typically regarded as urban policies, but they ought to ... More


Conclusion

Philipp Lepenies

in The Power of a Single Number: A Political History of GDP

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231175104
eISBN:
9780231541435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175104.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Provides a summary and talks in detail about recent international initiatives to complement or replace GDP. Makes the point that GDP sits firmly in the saddle because together with the idea of growth ... More


Income Inequality at Apartheid's End

Jeremy Seekings and Nicoli Nattrass

in Class, Race, and Inequality in South Africa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108927
eISBN:
9780300128758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108927.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter uses the 1993 Project for Statistics on Living Standards and Development (PSLSD) survey to analyse the pattern of income inequality at the end of apartheid and on the eve of ... More


Social Stratification and Income Inequality at the End of Apartheid

Jeremy Seekings and Nicoli Nattrass

in Class, Race, and Inequality in South Africa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108927
eISBN:
9780300128758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108927.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter utilizes the 1993 Project for Statistics on Living Standards and Development (PSLSD) survey to analyze social stratification and income inequality in South Africa at the end of the ... More


Did the Unemployed Constitute an Underclass?

Jeremy Seekings and Nicoli Nattrass

in Class, Race, and Inequality in South Africa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108927
eISBN:
9780300128758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108927.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter asks whether some or all of the unemployed should be viewed as a distinct underclass. It argues that one segment of the unemployed can be identified as a discrete underclass, which ... More


Counting Bodies: Population in Colonial American Writing

Molly Farrell

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190277314
eISBN:
9780190277338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277314.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American Colonial Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature

Quantifiable citizenship—in the form of birth certificates, census forms, and immigration quotas—is so ubiquitous that today it appears ahistorical. Yet before the modern colonial era, there was ... More


Why Do BLS Hours Series Tell Different Stories about Trends in Hours Worked?

Harley Frazis and Jay Stewart

in Labor in the New Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226001432
eISBN:
9780226001463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226001463.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter focuses on the Bureau of Labor Statistics differences in work hours. The number of hours that people work for pay is an important economic measure for labor utilization and it is also ... More


The Stories, the Statistics, and the Law: Why “Driving While Black” Matters

David A. Harris

in Race, Ethnicity, and Policing: New and Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776155
eISBN:
9780814777480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter describes David Hariss's continuation of the census discussed in Chapter 2 by focusing on Ohio traffic stops. Harris further contextualized the findings by incorporating interviews with ... More


Symmetries II: Discrete spacetime symmetries

Anthony Duncan

in The Conceptual Framework of Quantum Field Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199573264
eISBN:
9780191743313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573264.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter shows that the combination of these three discrete operations — parity, time reversal, and charge conjugation — is an exact symmetry of any local relativistic quantum field theory, even ... More


Urban poverty in China: incidence and policy responses1

Athar Hussain

in World poverty: New policies to defeat an old enemy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861343956
eISBN:
9781447304340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter describes new research on urban poverty in China, which has the largest population in the world. It sets out to answer two sets of questions. First, how many urban poor are there in ... More


War, Kidnapping, and Data Theft: Germany

Philipp Lepenies

in The Power of a Single Number: A Political History of GDP

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231175104
eISBN:
9780231541435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175104.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The case of Germany. The chapter describes how the idea of national income accounting was taken up in Germany, how the Nazis had nothing similar to GDP for their own war planning purposes and how ... More


Independent Bodies in the Ministry of Defense and the General Staff

Pesach Malovany IDF (Ret.), Amatzia Baram, Kevin M. Woods, and Ronna Englesberg

in Wars of Modern Babylon: A History of the Iraqi Army from 1921 to 2003

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813169439
eISBN:
9780813169514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813169439.003.0051
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter deals with independent bodies in the Ministry of Defence and the General Staff as the General Inspectorate, the Legal Division Directorate, the Military Accounts Directorate, the ... More


Introduction: welfare and justice

Louise A. Jackson and Angela Bartie

in Policing youth: Britain, 1945-70

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719081781
eISBN:
9781781706459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081781.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Since the Second World War there has been an almost perpetual wave of public anxiety, rhetoric and debate about youth and crime in Britain. Historical research has much to contribute to current ... More


The Shipping of the North Atlantic Cotton Trade in the Mid-Nineteenth Century

Lars U. Scholl, Lars U. Scholl, and Lars U. Scholl

in Merchants and Mariners: Selected Maritime Writings of David M. Williams

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780968128886
eISBN:
9781786944764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780968128886.003.0003
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This essay analyses the North Atlantic Cotton Trade through records of cotton arrivals at Liverpool, using two sets of data from 1830-1832 and 1853-1855. Using Customs Bills of Entry, Williams ... More


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