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Incoherence and Chauvinism

Mark Schroeder

in Slaves of the Passions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter continues the investigation of how it is that Ronnie's desire explains his reason. The Standard Model for normative explanations is introduced by way of an illustration. The Standard ... More


Sublime Marvel

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The modern theory of particle physics, called the Standard Model, describes electromagnetic, weak, and strong forces and all known forms of matter in terms a single conceptual principle. This chapter ... More


Gauging What's Real: The Conceptual Foundations of Gauge Theories

Richard Healey

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199287963
eISBN:
9780191713453
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287963.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Gauge theories have provided our best representations of the fundamental forces of nature. But a representation may be successfully employed even without a clear understanding of how it works. This ... More


Momentum Space Topology Protected By Symmetry

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

In some fermionic systems the total topological charge of the Fermi point vanishes. However, the discrete symmetry may produce the nonzero p-space topological invariant, which protects the nodal ... More


Modern Perspectives in Lattice QCD: Quantum Field Theory and High Performance Computing: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 93, August 2009

Laurent Lellouch, Rainer Sommer, Benjamin Svetitsky, Anastassios Vladikas, and Leticia F. Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691609
eISBN:
9780191731792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691609.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The book is based on the lectures delivered at the XCIII Session of the ´Ecole de Physique des Houches, held in August, 2009. The aim of the event was to familiarize the new generation of Ph.D. ... More


The Standard Model

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of the Standard Model with detailed treatment of electroweak Lagrangian interactions, the Higgs mechanism, fermion masses and mixing, gauge bosons, and effective ... More


Cudworth and Normative Explanations

Mark Schroeder

in Explaining the Reasons We Share: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198713807
eISBN:
9780191782190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713807.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues for the importance of competing theories about moral explanations by showing the role that they play in a familiar and tempting argument against voluntarist ethical theories that ... More


THE LINK TO THEORY

M. S. Sozzi

in Discrete Symmetries and CP Violation: From Experiment to Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199296668
eISBN:
9780191712074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296668.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter provides a brief description of the way CP violation is accommodated in the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics. Some SM predictions for CP-violating observables are mentioned, and ... More


Anomalous Currents

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Parity violation, the asymmetry between left and right, is one of the fundamental properties of the quantum vacuum of the Standard Model. This effect is strong at high energy on the order of the ... More


Introduction: Gut and Anti-Gut

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book studies relations of condensed matter with particle physics and cosmology. The fundamental links between cosmology and particle physics have been well established and is widely exploited in ... More


Frontiers of Physics

Nicholas Manton and Nicholas Mee

in The Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198795933
eISBN:
9780191837111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795933.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Despite the overwhelming successes of modern physics, there are questions that remain to be answered and these are considered in the final chapter. The interpretation of quantum mechanics is ... More


Calling SUSY to the Rescue

Pauline Gagnon

in Who Cares about Particle Physics?: Making Sense of the Higgs Boson, the Large Hadron Collider and CERN

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198783244
eISBN:
9780191826269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783244.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The Standard Model, in spite of its amazing success, has several flaws, such as failing to include dark matter. Physicists are looking for an alternative, a more encompassing theory going beyond the ... More


Quantized Yang–Mills gauge theories

Richard Healey

in Gauging What's Real: The Conceptual Foundations of Gauge Theories

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199287963
eISBN:
9780191713453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287963.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explains why physics could not rest content with classical Yang-Mills theories, and shows how a classical Yang-Mills field theory may be transformed into a quantum field theory. Quantum ... More


Introduction

Mark Schroeder

in Explaining the Reasons We Share: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198713807
eISBN:
9780191782190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713807.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This substantive new introduction provides a map to how to read the following essays as contributing to a unified argument about the nature and commitments of explanatory moral theory. The Standard ... More


The Black Book of Quantum Chromodynamics: A Primer for the LHC Era

John Campbell, Joey Huston, and Frank Krauss

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199652747
eISBN:
9780191749148
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199652747.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The LHC (Large Hadron Collider) will serve as the energy frontier for high-energy physics for the next 20 years. The highlight of the LHC running so far has been the discovery of the Higgs boson, but ... More


Forces of the World Unite!

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The structure of matter and the forces that are important in particle physics are now understood in terms of the Standard Model, which is currently being tested at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). ... More


Particle Physics

Nicholas Manton and Nicholas Mee

in The Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198795933
eISBN:
9780191837111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795933.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter offers a brief introduction to quantum field theory and an outline of modern particle physics. The fundamental particles of the Standard Model are introduced. The quantization of fields ... More


The Price of Supervenience

Mark Schroeder

in Explaining the Reasons We Share: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198713807
eISBN:
9780191782190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713807.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores whether the Standard Model Theory can offer a strategy for answering at least one important form of modal challenge for non-reductive realism in metaethics. Richard Price’s ... More


What Is Matter Made Of?

Pauline Gagnon

in Who Cares about Particle Physics?: Making Sense of the Higgs Boson, the Large Hadron Collider and CERN

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198783244
eISBN:
9780191826269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783244.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

What are the smallest grains of matter and how do they interact to form the matter we observe around us? This chapter explains how matter is built from a handful of tiny “bricks” called fundamental ... More


Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 97, August 2011

Laurent Baulieu, Karim Benakli, Michael R. Douglas, Bruno Mansoulie, Eliezer Rabinovici, and Leticia F. Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198727965
eISBN:
9780191794278
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727965.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book is based on lectures at the Les Houches Summer School held in August 2011 for an audience of advanced graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in particle physics, theoretical physics, ... More


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