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Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Robert Aunger (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The publication in 1998 of Susan Blackmore's bestselling The Meme Machine re-awakened the debate over the highly controversial field of memetics. In the past couple of years, there has been an ... More


Irony: A Pretended Point of View

Gregory Currie

in Narratives and Narrators: A Philosophy of Stories

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199282609
eISBN:
9780191712432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282609.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

Narrators occasionally help themselves to pretended points of view. Such points of view are crucial to understanding one kind of irony, sometimes called ‘verbal irony’ but better termed ... More


Showing and Meaning

Mitchell S. Green

in Self-Expression

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199283781
eISBN:
9780191712548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283781.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter is the first of two that relate self-expression to speaker meaning (also known as natural meaning). After further articulating the varieties of showing adumbrated in earlier chapters, ... More


Acceptance, Belief, and Commitment

Newton C. A. da Costa and Steven French

in Science and Partial Truth: A Unitary Approach to Models and Scientific Reasoning

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195156515
eISBN:
9780199785896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515651X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The focus on the models or, more generally, the structures in which sentences are satisfied encourages a shift to a broadly representational and nonpropositional account of the objects of belief. The ... More


Cognition and Representation

ROGER BECK

in The Religion of the Mithras Cult in the Roman Empire: Mysteries of the Unconquered Sun

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199216130
eISBN:
9780191712128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216130.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter explains how the Cognitive Science of Religion can serve as a powerful new method for exploring the making of representations in a religion and the cognitive processes by which an ... More


Signals, Cooperation, and Learning

Kim Sterelny

in The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262016797
eISBN:
9780262302814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016797.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter takes on the task of explaining the stability of honest signals amongst agents with potentially divergent interests. The chapter identifies forms of low risk signalling and responding: ... More


Relevance Theory and Prolixity *

Friedrich Christoph Doerge

in Brevity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199664986
eISBN:
9780191748530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664986.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter compares the so-called relevance theoretic and the ‘broadly Gricean’ accounts of prolix communication and advances cases where relevance theory’s predictions fail, while the broadly ... More


Reflections on a Cognitive Theory of Culture and a Theory of Formalized Language for Late Biblical Studies

David H. Aaron

in Remembering Biblical Figures in the Late Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods: Social Memory and Imagination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199664160
eISBN:
9780191748462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664160.003.0023
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

Cognitive theories of culture and language may permit biblical studies to move beyond old paradigms that yield circular arguments about the dating of language and sources. This study considers how ... More


Cultural Adaptationism

Tim Lewens

in Cultural Evolution: Conceptual Challenges

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199674183
eISBN:
9780191810688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674183.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Many philosophers have been hard on the form of evolutionary psychology associated with Cosmides and Tooby’s ‘Santa Barbara school’. Cultural evolutionary theories have received a much warmer ... More


Intimation

G. R. F. Ferrari

in The Messages We Send: Social Signals and Storytelling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198798422
eISBN:
9780191840487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798422.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Aesthetics

The communicative scale is introduced. What is fundamental to communication is the intention of the communicator rather than the codes that languages employ. Following the model first proposed by ... More


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