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The Humanitarian Responsibilities of Sovereignty: Explaining the Development of a New Norm of Military Intervention for Humanitarian Purposes in International Society

Nicholas J. Wheeler

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Argues that we are witnessing the development of a new norm of military intervention for humanitarian purposes in contemporary international society. Since the end of the Cold War, the United Nations ... More


Humanitarian Intervention and International Society: Lessons from Africa

James Mayall

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

After the end of the Cold War, many in the West viewed Africa as a testing ground for the solidarist argument that sovereignty was no longer an absolute principle and that the international community ... More


Somalia

Michael Krennerich

in Elections in Africa: A Data Handbook

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296454
eISBN:
9780191600036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296452.003.0045
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This chapter on elections and electoral systems in Somalia follows the same format as all the other country chapters in the book. The first section is introductory and contains a historical overview, ... More


The Last Decade's Refugee Story

Arthur C. Helton

in The Price of Indifference: Refugees and Humanitarian Action in the New Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250318
eISBN:
9780191599477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250316.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the 1990s, new conflicts broke out, particularly in connection with the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, as well as several ... More


Armed Intervention for Humanity

Robert Jackson

in The Global Covenant: Human Conduct in a World of States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199262014
eISBN:
9780191601033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262012.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the issue of armed intervention in sovereign states where there are gross violations of human rights or other humanitarian problems, but no obvious threats to peace and ... More


From Famine Relief to ‘Humanitarian War’: The US and UN Intervention in Somalia

Nicholas J. Wheeler

in Saving Strangers: Humanitarian Intervention in International Society

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253104
eISBN:
9780191600302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253102.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Analyses how the USA and UN came to intervene militarily in Somalia in 1992–94. It shows how the Security Council in Resolution 794 crossed the threshold on authorizing the use of force to end a ... More


Piracy off Somalia: The ‘Emperors and the Thieves of the Oceans’ in the 21st Century

Efthymios Papastavridis

in Protecting Human Security in Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199578986
eISBN:
9780191595202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578986.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter analyses the problem of piracy in Africa. It first considers the possible legal justifications for the current counter-piracy operations and then scrutinizes the relevant measures taken ... More


The Applicability of Occupation Law to Peacekeeping and other Multi-national Operations

Siobhán Wills

in Protecting Civilians: The Obligations of Peacekeepers

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199533879
eISBN:
9780191714801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533879.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

International law recognizes no relationship of a general nature between the inhabitants of territory in which a foreign military forces is deployed, and the State or organization that has deployed ... More


Africa

Paul Marshall and Nina Shea

in Silenced: How Apostasy and Blasphemy Codes are Choking Freedom Worldwide

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812264
eISBN:
9780199919383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812264.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Chapter Eight covers three countries: Nigeria, the largest in Africa by population, Sudan, the largest by area, and Somalia, which is, in 2010, probably the most religiously repressive area in the ... More


Somalia: The Struggle for Resources  

JUHA AUVINEN and TIMO KIVIMäKI

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Somalia is experiencing a truly complex humanitarian emergency, not only because its people are suffering from war, displacement, hunger, and disease, but also because these factors are complex in ... More


Survival Migration: Failed Governance and the Crisis of Displacement

Alexander Betts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451065
eISBN:
9780801468964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451065.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

International treaties, conventions, and organizations to protect refugees were established in the aftermath of World War II to help people who were escaping targeted persecution by their own ... More


Political Causes of Humanitarian Emergencies

KALEVI J. HOLSTI

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: VOLUME 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297390
eISBN:
9780191685323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297390.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter attempts to locate political sources of contemporary humanitarian emergencies. The political sources of humanitarian emergencies are complex but there are conditions, policies, and paths ... More


The State and Economic Change in Africa

Brian van Arkadie

in The Role of the State in Economic Change

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289845
eISBN:
9780191684777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289845.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter is concerned with the role of the government of each African state in the Sub-Saharan Africa. The study deals first with the ongoing conflicts in this part of the world, and leads to the ... More


Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea: The Legal Framework for Counter-Piracy Operations in Somalia and the Gulf of Aden

Anna Petrig and Robin Geiß

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199609529
eISBN:
9780191729751
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609529.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Since 2008 increasing pirate activities in Somalia, the Gulf of Aden, and the Indian Ocean have once again drawn the international community's attention to piracy and armed robbery at sea. States are ... More


Host Territories—States and State Territories

Ralph Wilde

in International Territorial Administration: How Trusteeship and the Civilizing Mission Never Went Away

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199274321
eISBN:
9780191706486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274321.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This is the first of two chapters establishing the legal status of those territories where ITA projects have occurred, focusing on territories that were states or formed part of state territories for ... More


Humanitarian Intervention

Heather Jacques Wood, Taylor Nuttall, and Kendall Stiles

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter reviews the normative context (the state of the discourse and international practice regarding humanitarian intervention) circa 1945. It assesses the extent to which the debates ... More


Frontiers of Violence in North-East Africa: Genealogies of Conflict since c.1800

Richard J. Reid

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199211883
eISBN:
9780191725135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211883.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This book offers a historical analysis of violent conflict in north-east Africa through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The book deals with a broad corridor of conflict incorporating the ... More


Current Efforts to Counter Piracy in Somalia and the Gulf of Aden

Robin Geiß and Anna Petrig

in Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea: The Legal Framework for Counter-Piracy Operations in Somalia and the Gulf of Aden

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199609529
eISBN:
9780191729751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609529.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Part 1 brings into focus the current situation in the Gulf of Aden. It considers the regional development of piracy and armed robbery at sea since 2008, the situation in Somalia, and the various ... More


Counter-Piracy Enforcement Powers and their Legal Constraints

Robin Geiß and Anna Petrig

in Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea: The Legal Framework for Counter-Piracy Operations in Somalia and the Gulf of Aden

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199609529
eISBN:
9780191729751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609529.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Part 3 scrutinizes the scope of enforcement powers granted to States by Articles 110 and 105 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and by virtue of the various Security Council Resolutions. ... More


Conclusion

Robin Geiß and Anna Petrig

in Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea: The Legal Framework for Counter-Piracy Operations in Somalia and the Gulf of Aden

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199609529
eISBN:
9780191729751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609529.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter ties together the loose threads of the discussions and presents some concluding thoughts. It considers the efforts of the Security Council to remedy some of the well-known deficiencies ... More


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