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Alexandria

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Ptolemy, one of Alexander's generals, a patron of Greek culture, founded in Alexandria, capital of his Egyptian empire, the Library, the greatest depository of Greek literature, and the Museum, a ... More


With the Same Voice: Oratory as a Transitional Space

Yelena Baraz

in A Written Republic: Cicero's Philosophical Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153322
eISBN:
9781400842162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153322.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Cicero’s use of oratory as a means of establishing a connection between his subject matter, philosophy, and traditional public life. The emphasis is on the connection between ... More


Reading Descartes Otherwise: Blind, Mad, Dreamy, and Bad

Kyoo Lee

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823244843
eISBN:
9780823250738
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823244843.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Focusing on the first four images of the Other mobilized in René Descartes’ Meditations—namely, the blind, the mad, the dreamy, and the bad—Reading Descartes Otherwise casts light on what have ... More


Wittgenstein and Classical Scepticism

Robert J. Fogelin

in Philosophical Interpretations

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195071627
eISBN:
9780199833221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019507162X.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Throughout his long, complex, and changing career – from the Tractatus to On Certainty – Wittgenstein leveled essentially the same charge against skepticism: The skeptic's questions may be dismissed ... More


The Appearance of Ignorance: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Volume 2

Keith DeRose

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199564477
eISBN:
9780191846021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199564477.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This volume presents, develops, and champions contextualist solutions to two of the stickiest problems in epistemology: The puzzles of skeptical hypotheses and of lotteries. It is argued that, at ... More


The Exceptional Influence of Christian Fundamentalism

Mugambi Jouet

in Exceptional America: What Divides Americans from the World and from Each Other

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520293298
eISBN:
9780520966468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293298.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Religion remains exceptionally influential in America but frequently inspires indifference, skepticism or suspicion in other developed nations. Moreover, a huge minority of Americans lean towards ... More


Leo Strauss on Philosophy as a Way of Life

Steven B. Smith

in Modernity and Its Discontents: Making and Unmaking the Bourgeois from Machiavelli to Bellow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300198393
eISBN:
9780300220988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198393.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

More than anyone else, Leo Strauss inaugurated the revival of political philosophy from the dominance of positivism and behavioralism. Strauss insisted that recovering Plato and ancient philosophy ... More


The Future of Sympathy I:: The Poetry of the World

Seth Lobis

in Virtue of Sympathy: Magic, Philosophy, and Literature in Seventeenth-Century England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300192032
eISBN:
9780300210415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300192032.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines the complex legacy of Shaftesburianism and reveals the enduring vitality of natural and magical conceptions of sympathy through the first half of the eighteenth century. In so ... More


The Future of Sympathy II:: Hume and the Afterlife of Shaftesburianism

Seth Lobis

in Virtue of Sympathy: Magic, Philosophy, and Literature in Seventeenth-Century England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300192032
eISBN:
9780300210415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300192032.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter focuses on David Hume’s critique of a sympathetic worldview, as represented by Shaftesbury and by the Peripatetic philosophers, as well as on Hume’s elevation of human sympathy as a ... More


The Father of Lies?

Hud Hudson

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 5

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198704768
eISBN:
9780191774300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704768.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

A severe and underappreciated problem confronts anyone who holds a certain popular combination of theses – namely, that there is such a thing as knowledge by revelation alone and that a defensive ... More


Shakespeare and Donne: Generic Hybrids and the Cultural Imaginary

Judith H. Anderson and Jennifer C. Vaught (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780823251254
eISBN:
9780823252848
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251254.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

Shakespeare and Donne are themselves hybrids who crossed generic and social boundaries and also shared a contemporary urban space and roots in the old religion. Centering on cross-fertilization ... More


Continuity Skepticism in Doubt: A Radically Enactive Take

Daniel D. Hutto and Glenda Satne

in Embodiment, Enaction, and Culture: Investigating the Constitution of the Shared World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035552
eISBN:
9780262337120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035552.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Radically Enactive Cognition, REC, holds that not all forms of cognition are content involving and, especially, not root forms. According to radical enactivists, only minds that have mastered special ... More


Sapere Aude?

Gregg Lambert

in Return Statements: The Return of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474413909
eISBN:
9781474422352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474413909.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Employing Foucault’s 1984 reflection on the ‘critical ethos’ of modernity, the opening return statement interrogates the relationship between the Kantian concept of enlightenment and the contemporary ... More


“What’s Love Got to do With it?”

Gregg Lambert

in Return Statements: The Return of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474413909
eISBN:
9781474422352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474413909.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This statement takes up John D. Caputo’s seminal work of “weak theology,” The Prayers and Tears of Jacques Derrida (1997). In addition to calling into question a careful reading of Derrida on the ... More


Are Dreams Deceptive Experiences? Deception, Delusion, and Insight

Jennifer M. Windt

in Dreaming: A Conceptual Framework for Philosophy of Mind and Empirical Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262028677
eISBN:
9780262327466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028677.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter confronts the epistemological problem of dream deception with evidence of scientific dream research with the aim of investigating the empirical plausibility of different scenarios of ... More


Introduction

Judith H. Anderson and Jennifer C. Vaught

in Shakespeare and Donne: Generic Hybrids and the Cultural Imaginary

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780823251254
eISBN:
9780823252848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251254.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

Shakespeare and Donne are themselves hybrids who crossed generic and social boundaries and also shared a contemporary urban space and roots in the old religion. Centering on cross-fertilization ... More


Contingency and Skepticism in Agamben’s Thought

Gert-Jan van der Heiden

in Contemporary Encounters with Ancient Metaphysics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474412094
eISBN:
9781474434966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474412094.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Gert-Jan van der Heiden’s “Contingency and Skepticism in Agamben’s Thought” articulates an encounter between Sextus Empiricus and Giorgio Agamben. Contrary to the usual epistemological reading of ... More


Skepticism, Acknowledgment, and the Ownership of Learning

Paul Standish

in Stanley Cavell and the Education of Grownups

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823234738
eISBN:
9780823240753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234738.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Part II, entitled “Skepticism and Language,” begins with a turn more directly to the practices of educational institutions. In this chapter Paul Standish considers various ways in which claims of ... More


Descartes Needs Rereading

Kyoo Lee

in Reading Descartes Otherwise: Blind, Mad, Dreamy, and Bad

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823244843
eISBN:
9780823250738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823244843.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

What does it mean to read the Meditations and otherwise? And why? The suggestion is to watch the process, its cinematographic temporality, up close, with meditatively intimacy, by exploring the ... More


Will there be Skeptics in Heaven?

Ted Poston

in Paradise Understood: New Philosophical Essays about Heaven

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198794301
eISBN:
9780191835810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198794301.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter begins with a puzzle centered on two things not normally put together: the nature of Christian hope and global skepticism. Christian hope is focused on a redeemed creation in which ... More


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