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Modern Supersymmetry: Dynamics and Duality

John Terning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567639
eISBN:
9780191718243
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567639.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book begins with a brief review of supersymmetry, the construction of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, and approaches to supersymmetry breaking. General non-perturbative methods are ... More


INTRODUCTION TO THE ADS/CFT CORRESPONDENCE

John Terning

in Modern Supersymmetry: Dynamics and Duality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567639
eISBN:
9780191718243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567639.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

One of the most surprising developments in the SUSY theories was the realization that certain supergravity theories in higher dimensions are dual to 4D CFTs. In particular, several supergravity ... More


Foundations of Modern Cosmology

HELGE S. KRAGH

in Conceptions of Cosmos: From Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209163
eISBN:
9780191706219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209163.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Modern theoretical cosmology is essentially based on Einstein's theory of general relativity, with which this chapter starts. His original relativistic model of 1917 was closed and static, and made ... More


The First Solutions and the Challenge of Their Interpretation

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter discusses the first wave of the exploration of exact solutions to Einstein's gravitational field equations. When Einstein published the final form of the field equations in 1915, only an ... More


The Genesis of Relativistic Cosmology

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter highlights the background for the emergence of relativistic cosmology. A specific interpretational issue, which is treated in this context, is the role of Ernst Mach's principle and the ... More


Portrait Stories

Michal Peled Ginsburg

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823262601
eISBN:
9780823266517
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823262601.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

What makes stories about portraits so gripping and unsettling? Portrait Stories argues that it is the ways they articulate the relation between subjectivity and representation. While in ... More


Global existence

Hans Ringström

in On the Topology and Future Stability of the Universe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680290
eISBN:
9780191760235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680290.003.0031
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics, Geometry / Topology

In Chapter 31, we prove future global existence in the case that the initial data are specified on the 3-torus, and assuming the initial data are close to those of de Sitter space. The proof is a ... More


Inhomogeneous aspects of cosmology

in Advanced General Relativity: Gravity Waves, Spinning Particles, and Black Holes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680696
eISBN:
9780191760662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680696.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Inhomogeneities are introduced into isotropic cosmologies in the form of gravitational waves. Plane gravitational waves are introduced exactly into the de Sitter universe via a geometrical ... More


Willem de Sitter and the Expanding Universe

Helge Kragh

in Masters of the Universe: Conversations with Cosmologists of the Past

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198722892
eISBN:
9780191789564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722892.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The interview with the eminent Dutch astronomer Willem de Sitter took place in Leiden in 1933, at a time when the expanding universe was accepted by many astronomers. De Sitter looked back to the ... More


AdS crunches, CFT falls, and cosmological complexity

Barbón José Luis and Rabinovici Eliezer

in Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 97, August 2011

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198727965
eISBN:
9780191794278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727965.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the holographic description of crunching AdS cosmologies. Crunching FRW models with hyperbolic spatial sections are dual to semiclassical condensates in deformed de Sitter (dS) ... More


An introduction to the gauge/gravity duality

Juan M. Maldacena

in Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 97, August 2011

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198727965
eISBN:
9780191794278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727965.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter is a short introduction to the gauge/gravity duality or AdS/CFT correspondence. After reviewing some basic facts about anti-de-Sitter space, the author describes some of the basic ... More


Introduction to the AdS/CFT correspondence

Jan de Boer

in Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 97, August 2011

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198727965
eISBN:
9780191794278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727965.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter provides a summary of some of the most important aspects of the AdS/CFT correspondence, together with pointers to some of the vast number of papers that have been published on this ... More


Cosmological spacetimes

Nathalie Deruelle and Jean-Philippe Uzan

in Relativity in Modern Physics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198786399
eISBN:
9780191828669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786399.003.0057
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter provides a few examples of representations of the universe on a large scale—a first step in constructing a cosmological model. It first discusses the Copernican principle, which is an ... More


Friedmann–Lemaître spacetimes

Nathalie Deruelle and Jean-Philippe Uzan

in Relativity in Modern Physics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198786399
eISBN:
9780191828669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786399.003.0058
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the laws governing the evolution of the scale factor as well as Hubble’s law, which is historically the first observational signature of cosmic expansion. Hubble’s law relates ... More


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