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The Monopoly Enigma, the Reagan Administration's Antitrust Experiment, and the Global Economy

Louis Galambos

in Constructing Corporate America: History, Politics, Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251902
eISBN:
9780191719059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251902.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

In the 1980s, the Reagan Administration drastically altered American antitrust policy, virtually eliminating Section 2 cases involving monopolies. This chapter provides a context for that decision by ... More


Conflicts between Federal Law and Foreign Law

Symeon C. Symeonides

in Choice of Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190496722
eISBN:
9780190496753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190496722.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Private International Law

This chapter discusses how American courts resolve conflicts between U.S. federal law and foreign law. After surveying federal statutes that are expressly applicable to foreign events or persons, the ... More


The Birth of the Antitrust Exemption

Stuart Banner

in The Baseball Trust: A History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199930296
eISBN:
9780190254575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on the origins of baseball's so-called “antitrust exemption.” It first examines the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in the 1922 case Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore v. National ... More


The Baseball Trust

Stuart Banner

in The Baseball Trust: A History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199930296
eISBN:
9780190254575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the idea that baseball in the United States was an unlawful trust or monopoly. It begins by looking at the earliest antitrust attacks against baseball before turning to the ... More


The Supreme Court Steps In

Stuart Banner

in The Baseball Trust: A History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199930296
eISBN:
9780190254575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in the 1922 case Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore v. National League, in which it decided that the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 did not apply ... More


Epilogue

Nathaniel Grow

in Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This epilogue explores issues arising from Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.'s opinion in Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore, Inc. v. National League. It begins with a discussion of criticisms ... More


Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Nathaniel Grow

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

The 1922 Federal Baseball Supreme Court ruling held that the “business of base ball” was not subject to the Sherman Antitrust Act because it did not constitute interstate commerce. This book explains ... More


Economics of Antitrust

David George Surdam

in The Big Leagues Go to Washington: Congress and Sports Antitrust, 1951-1989

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039140
eISBN:
9780252097126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039140.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter examines the economics of antitrust, with particular emphasis on how antitrust law affects professional team sports. In the late 1800s, Americans worried about the growing concentration ... More


Introduction

Nathaniel Grow

in Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This book examines the history of the Federal Baseball litigation and explains how Major League Baseball first came to be exempt from antitrust law. In a unanimous ruling, penned by Justice Oliver ... More


A Shrunken Exemption

Stuart Banner

in The Baseball Trust: A History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199930296
eISBN:
9780190254575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.003.0010
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on baseball's antitrust exemption, which remains one of the strangest doctrines in the American legal system. Despite the end of the reserve clause that paved the way for free ... More


The Rivalry Begins: 1913

Nathaniel Grow

in Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter examines the history of the rivalry between the Federal League and the American and National leagues and how it culminated in a legal battle. The Federal League of Professional Base Ball ... More


Introduction

David George Surdam

in The Big Leagues Go to Washington: Congress and Sports Antitrust, 1951-1989

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039140
eISBN:
9780252097126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039140.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This book examines the economics of the antitrust aspects of the three professional sports leagues—Major League Baseball (MLB), the National Football League (NFL), and the National Basketball ... More


Bloodying the Sport

Troy Rondinone

in Friday Night Fighter: Gaspar "Indio" Ortega and the Golden Age of Television Boxing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037375
eISBN:
9780252094668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037375.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter details the events leading up to the end of Friday Night Fights. The reasons for the end read like the ingredients for disaster: some greed, some overexposure, some crime, some death, ... More


The Reserve Clause

Stuart Banner

in The Baseball Trust: A History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199930296
eISBN:
9780190254575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.003.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the history of the reserve clause, a standard term in player contracts in Major League Baseball that effectively bound a player to his team for his entire career, and how it led ... More


The Decline of the Chicago Studios

Michael Glover Smith and Adam Selzer

in Flickering Empire: How Chicago Invented the U.S. Film Industry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231174497
eISBN:
9780231850797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174497.003.0012
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter focuses on the decline of film studios in Chicago during the early twentieth century. The story of the decline of the major Chicago studios such as Essanay Film Manufacturing Company and ... More


Introduction

Daniel A. Crane and Herbert Hovenkamp

in The Making of Competition Policy: Legal and Economic Sources

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199782796
eISBN:
9780190261351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199782796.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This introductory chapter provides a brief historical overview of the development of competition and antitrust policy in the United States. It describes how the passing of the Sherman Antitrust Act ... More


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