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The Monopoly Enigma, the Reagan Administration's Antitrust Experiment, and the Global Economy

Louis Galambos

in Constructing Corporate America: History, Politics, Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251902
eISBN:
9780191719059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251902.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

In the 1980s, the Reagan Administration drastically altered American antitrust policy, virtually eliminating Section 2 cases involving monopolies. This chapter provides a context for that decision by ... More


Statutory Provisions and Higher Court Interpretations

Louis Kaplow

in Competition Policy and Price Fixing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158624
eISBN:
9781400846078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158624.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines competition law's doctrine on horizontal agreements. It begins by addressing the U.S. statute, Sherman Act Section 1. The chapter then turns to the leading Supreme Court ... More


The Age of the Trusts (1880–1910)

Charles R. Geisst

in Wall Street: A History

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130867
eISBN:
9780199871155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130863.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

The development of trusts and the popularity of trusts as investments. Introduction of the Sherman Act, the consolidation of industry, merger creating U.S. Steel, Andrew Carnegie & Morgan, Panic of ... More


Private Enforcement: Growth, Backlash, and Spillovers

Daniel A. Crane

in The Institutional Structure of Antitrust Enforcement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372656
eISBN:
9780199893287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372656.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

The creation of a private right of action for damages has led to the significant decision to separate antitrust from corporate regulation. This conceptualizes a freestanding tort. This chapter ... More


Conflicts between Federal Law and Foreign Law

Symeon C. Symeonides

in Choice of Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190496722
eISBN:
9780190496753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190496722.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Private International Law

This chapter discusses how American courts resolve conflicts between U.S. federal law and foreign law. After surveying federal statutes that are expressly applicable to foreign events or persons, the ... More


The Baseball Trust

Stuart Banner

in The Baseball Trust: A History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199930296
eISBN:
9780190254575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the idea that baseball in the United States was an unlawful trust or monopoly. It begins by looking at the earliest antitrust attacks against baseball before turning to the ... More


The Supreme Court Steps In

Stuart Banner

in The Baseball Trust: A History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199930296
eISBN:
9780190254575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in the 1922 case Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore v. National League, in which it decided that the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 did not apply ... More


Harriman vs. Hill: Wall Street's Great Railroad War

Larry Haeg

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683642
eISBN:
9781452949208
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683642.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The two most powerful men in the nation’s dominant industry, Edward H. Harriman and James J. Hill, got into a fight in 1901 for control of the nation’s western railroads. The battle also pitted the ... More


The Birth of the Antitrust Exemption

Stuart Banner

in The Baseball Trust: A History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199930296
eISBN:
9780190254575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on the origins of baseball's so-called “antitrust exemption.” It first examines the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in the 1922 case Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore v. National ... More


A Thunderbolt Out of the Blue

Larry Haeg

in Harriman vs. Hill: Wall Street's Great Railroad War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683642
eISBN:
9781452949208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683642.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

U.S. sues to break up Northern Securities as violation of Sherman Act prohibiting restraint of trade. U.S. Circuit Court rules uaninmously against Northern Securities. Hill-Morgan appeal to U.S. ... More


Epilogue

Nathaniel Grow

in Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This epilogue explores issues arising from Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.'s opinion in Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore, Inc. v. National League. It begins with a discussion of criticisms ... More


The Atlantic Divide in Antitrust: An Examination of US and EU Competition Policy

Daniel J. Gifford and Robert T. Kudrle

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226176109
eISBN:
9780226176246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226176246.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This book aims to resolve a puzzle: how can two systems of competition law and policy, whose enforcement and judicial institutions employ similar concepts and legal language, reach very different ... More


Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Nathaniel Grow

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

The 1922 Federal Baseball Supreme Court ruling held that the “business of base ball” was not subject to the Sherman Antitrust Act because it did not constitute interstate commerce. This book explains ... More


Economics of Antitrust

David George Surdam

in The Big Leagues Go to Washington: Congress and Sports Antitrust, 1951-1989

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039140
eISBN:
9780252097126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039140.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter examines the economics of antitrust, with particular emphasis on how antitrust law affects professional team sports. In the late 1800s, Americans worried about the growing concentration ... More


Reconstruction at Last, 1865 –1867

Mark Wahlgren Summers

in The Ordeal of the Reunion: A New History of Reconstruction

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469617572
eISBN:
9781469617596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469617572.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses events from 1865 to 1867. These include the emergence of radicalism; differences between moderates and radicals; the civil rights bill; constitutional amendments; and the ... More


The Rivalry Begins: 1913

Nathaniel Grow

in Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter examines the history of the rivalry between the Federal League and the American and National leagues and how it culminated in a legal battle. The Federal League of Professional Base Ball ... More


The Roberts Court and the Limits of Antitrust

Thomas A. Lambert

in Business and the Roberts Court

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199859344
eISBN:
9780190620929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859344.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter in Business and the Roberts Court examines the Court’s antitrust decisions. Whereas the Rehnquist Court decided relatively few antitrust cases, the Roberts Court has shown a greater ... More


Legal Mechanisms for Mitigating the Effect of Restrictive Licensing Provisions

Noam Shemtov

in Beyond the Code: Protection of Non-Textual Features of Software

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198716792
eISBN:
9780191848377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716792.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter examines the legal mechanisms for mitigating the effect of restrictive licensing provisions used by right holders to regulate the use of functional elements of software, focusing on both ... More


Introduction

Nathaniel Grow

in Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This book examines the history of the Federal Baseball litigation and explains how Major League Baseball first came to be exempt from antitrust law. In a unanimous ruling, penned by Justice Oliver ... More


American Concerns: Trade and Trusts; Enriched and the Rich

John Kenneth Galbraith

in Economics in Perspective: A Critical History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171647
eISBN:
9781400889075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171647.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the American preoccupation with money. While there was little concern in the United States for the central themes of classical economics or for the Marxian and other forms of ... More


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