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Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Martin S. Jaffee

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book is a study of the relationship of oral tradition to written sources among different Jewish groups that thrived in Palestine from the later Second Temple period into Late Antiquity. Its main ... More


Social Settings of Literacy and Scribal Orality

Martin S. Jaffee

in Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Explores the role of orality and oral‐performative tradition in the written literary activities of various scribal communities in Second Temple Judaism. It points out that true literacy was rare ... More


1 “Where Is Their God?”

Adiel Schremer

in Brothers Estranged: Heresy, Christianity and Jewish Identity in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195383775
eISBN:
9780199777280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383775.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter discusses the effects of the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, and the failure of the Bar Kokhba revolt in 135 CE, on the morale of Palestinian Jews, as reflected in earliest ... More


The People of the Book, 200 BCE–200 CE

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the well-documented shift of the religious norm that transformed the Jews into the People of the Book. During the first century BCE, some Jewish scholars and religious leaders ... More


70 CE–1492: How Many Jews Were There, and Where and how did they Live?

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter describes how many Jews there were, where they lived, and how they earned their living from the time of the destruction of the Second Temple to the mass expulsion of the Jews from the ... More


Mission and Conversion: Proselytizing in the Religious History of the Roman Empire

Martin Goodman

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263876
eISBN:
9780191682674
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263876.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, Judaism

This book tackles a central problem of Jewish and comparative religious history: proselytization and the origins of mission in the Early Church. Why did some individuals in the first four centuries ... More


Bridging the Gap: Divine Law in Hellenistic and Second Temple Jewish Sources

Christine Hayes

in What's Divine about Divine Law?: Early Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165196
eISBN:
9781400866410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165196.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on Hellenistic Jewish writings and Second Temple period texts that to various degrees accept the Greek dichotomy between natural law and conventional law. It examines Hellenistic ... More


Introduction

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the Jews' transition into urban and skilled occupations. This transition was the outcome of a profound transformation of the Jewish religion after ... More


Jews in the Talmud Era, 200–650: The Chosen Few

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter shows that the implications of the economic theory in the previous chapter are consistent with what happened to the Jewish people during the five centuries following the destruction of ... More


New Laws For A New Age

Jonathan Burnside

in God, Justice, and Society: Aspects of Law and Legality in the Bible

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199759217
eISBN:
9780199827084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759217.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter looks at how the biblical laws of marriage, divorce, and sexual relations were interpreted during the Second Temple (or intertestamental) period, with reference to the writers of the ... More


The Asceticism of Fasting

Eliezer Diamond

in Holy Men and Hunger Artists: Fasting and Asceticism in Rabbinic Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195137507
eISBN:
9780199849772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137507.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter surveys the role of fasting in biblical, Second Temple, and nonrabbinic post-Destruction Judaism, before discussing the rabbinic fasting itself. There is little evidence for ascetic ... More


Natural Law in Rabbinic Sources?

Christine Hayes

in What's Divine about Divine Law?: Early Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165196
eISBN:
9781400866410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165196.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The first part of this chapter considers rabbinic sources against the backdrop of Second Temple Jewish and early Christian sources on the following question: was there a law before the Mosaic Law ... More


The History of Israel: The Persian and Hellenistic Periods

L. L. Grabbe

in Text in Context: Essays by Members of the Society for Old Testament Study

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263913
eISBN:
9780191601187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263910.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This is the fifth of six chapters on the Old Testament and its authors. It gives an account of a later period of Israelite history than does the preceding chapter, and discusses the Persian and ... More


The Settings

F. E. Peters

in Jesus and Muhammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747467
eISBN:
9780199894796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747467.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter explores the good deal we know of the settings, Galilee and Judea, of Jesus’ life and much too of the varieties of Second Temple Judaism that shaped his message and his movement, its ... More


Prophecy and the Prophetic Books

J. Blenkinsopp

in Text in Context: Essays by Members of the Society for Old Testament Study

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263913
eISBN:
9780191601187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263910.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This is the second of six chapters on the Old Testament and its authors. It discusses prophecy and the prophetic books of the Old Testament starting by pointing out that not much has been added to ... More


Jewish Law during the Second Temple Period *

Daniela Piattelli and Bernard S. Jackson

in An Introduction to the History and Sources of Jewish Law

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262626
eISBN:
9780191682360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262626.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The Second Temple period covers the legal system from the period in which the Judaean community under Nehemia and Ezra were able to restore the operations of various institutions that were authorized ... More


New Directions in Understanding Jewish Liturgy

Ruth Langer

in Early Judaism: New Insights and Scholarship

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781479896950
eISBN:
9781479825707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479896950.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Dead Sea Scrolls, Cairo Geniza, and critical study of rabbinic literature have contributed to our understanding of when and how fixed public worship developed within the Jewish community. The ... More


Halakhah in the Making: The Development of Jewish Law from Qumran to the Rabbis

Aharon Shemesh

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520259102
eISBN:
9780520945036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259102.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book offers a comprehensive study of the legal material found in the Dead Sea Scrolls and its significance in the greater history of Jewish religious law (Halakhah). The study revives an issue ... More


Judaism: An Ideology of Procreationism

David Wheeler-Reed

in Regulating Sex in the Roman Empire: Ideology, the Bible, and the Early Christians

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300227727
eISBN:
9780300231311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227727.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter establishes that most of the sexual ethics of Second Temple Judaism are similar to the ideological sexual codes of the Roman Empire. It examines works as diverse as Tobit, the writings ... More


Wording of the Biblical Text

Timothy H. Lim

in Holy Scripture in the Qumran Commentaries and Pauline Letters

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198262060
eISBN:
9780191682292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262060.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Early Christian Studies

Attention to the wording of the biblical text is a feature of ancient exegesis that does not admit facile summary. On one level, it is literalism and no more. However, stopping there would ignore the ... More


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