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Meaning, Understanding, and Practice: Philosophical Essays

Barry Stroud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252145
eISBN:
9780191598487
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252149.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Contains thirteen essays published by Barry Stroud between 1965 and 2000 on central topics in the philosophy of language and epistemology. In a volume that generally deals with the philosophical ... More


Levels of Reality

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 2 Levels of RealityMany philosophers, especially self‐described ‘non‐reductive materialists’, embrace the idea that reality is hierarchical: the world comprises levels of being. Examples of ... More


Figuratively Speaking: Revised Edition

Robert J. Fogelin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199739998
eISBN:
9780199895045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739998.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Figuratively Speaking (1986) examines figures of speech that concern meaning—irony, hyperbole, understatement, similes, metaphors, and others—to show how they work and to explain their ... More


Use Theories

Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore

in Language Turned on Itself: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Metalinguistic Discourse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199231195
eISBN:
9780191710810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231195.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins with a discussion of the two most serious versions of the Use Theory, namely Saka's and Recanati's Use Theories respectively. It then covers the history of Use Theories and the ... More


Resisting Procrastination: Kantian Autonomy and the Role of the Will

Mark D. White

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Economists, psychologists, and philosophers have written extensively on the causes of procrastination. While their work helps us understand why people procrastinate, it does not explain how they can ... More


Better than Mere Knowledge? The Function of Sensory Awareness

Mark Johnston

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the function of sensory awareness for perception in two ways. First, it addresses how sensory awareness functions so as to make available external items as objects of immediate ... More


Transcendental Arguments from Content Externalism

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the viability of using Tyler Burge's anti-individualism as the basis for an anti-sceptical strategy. Anti-individualism seems to hold that if an intentional mental state has a ... More


The Embodied View

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter argues that, contrary to the claims of the proponents of the embodied approach, embodied cognitive modeling does not underwrite a new view of the fundamental relation between mind and ... More


Clearing a Space

Samuel Guttenplan

in Objects of Metaphor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280896
eISBN:
9780191602627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280894.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter has three aims: (i) to offer a comprehensive and transparent tripartite classification of philosophical accounts of metaphor; (ii) to consider three truths about metaphor which cannot be ... More


Systems, Mind, and Magic

Ariel Glucklich

in The End of Magic

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108798
eISBN:
9780199853434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108798.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Phenomenology and system theory are the foundations of the “magical experience.” They offer a way out of the body/mind impasse. Magic, taken as an experience rather than as a doctrine, is the very ... More


Thoughts

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Thoughts are understood as passive conscious events consisting in entertaining propositions. They may be accompanied by sensory images of written or spoken sentences; but such sentences never contain ... More


Purposes

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Intentional actions consist in agents purposing, that is ‘trying’, to bring about effects (where ‘trying’ carries no implication of difficulty or failure) or allowing some effect to occur. Purposing ... More


Beliefs

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Beliefs are people's maps of the world. They are passive and involuntary; agents have infallible beliefs about their own beliefs, but only fallible beliefs about the beliefs of others. All other ... More


The Background of Thought

Barry Stroud

in Meaning, Understanding, and Practice: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252145
eISBN:
9780191598487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252149.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Examines Searle's theory of intentionality. The author argues that the three reasons given by Searle in support of his hypothesis of a background, which underlies our intentional states, are ... More


Language as Social Software

Rohit Parikh

in Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth Century Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139167
eISBN:
9780199833214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513916X.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Parikh discusses recent developments in computer science, especially in the areas of program correctness, dynamic logic, and temporal logic. He then develops a meaning theory for a natural language ... More


Other Inductive Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Six C-inductive arguments for and against the existence of God are critically discussed in this chapter: the Argument from Consciousness, the Argument from Moral Truth, the Argument from Moral ... More


Polysemy

John R Taylor

in The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Critically examines the standard definition of polysemy as the association of two or more related meanings with a single linguistic form. Each of the terms of definition turns out to be problematic. ... More


The Standard Criticisms of Comparativism

Robert J. Fogelin

in Figuratively Speaking: Revised Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199739998
eISBN:
9780199895045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739998.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There has been almost universal agreement that Aristotle's so-called reduction of metaphors to similes is hopelessly inadequate. The philosophers who have lined up against Aristotle are an impressive ... More


A Dilemma for Theories of Metaphor

Robert J. Fogelin

in Figuratively Speaking: Revised Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199739998
eISBN:
9780199895045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739998.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This brief chapter considers the following question: When a word is used metaphorically, is there a shift from literal meaning to metaphorical meaning? Black adopted such a meaning-shift, as did ... More


Introduction: The idea and context

Derek Denton

in The Primordial Emotions: The dawning of consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199203147
eISBN:
9780191695476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203147.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about primordial emotions and the concept of consciousness. This book clarifies the definition of consciousness and ... More


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