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Jesus Christ, Eternal God: Heavenly Flesh and the Metaphysics of Matter

Stephen H. Webb

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827954
eISBN:
9780199919468
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827954.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book is the first to reconstruct the obscure origins of Heavenly Flesh Christology, examine its implications, and defend it from the charge of heresy. More importantly, this book uses this ... More


The Physics of Duns Scotus: The Scientific Context of a Theological Vision

Richard Cross

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269748
eISBN:
9780191683787
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269748.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

Duns Scotus, along with Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham, was one of the three most talented and influential of the medieval schoolmen, and a highly original and ... More


Epilogue

Sandra Visser and Thomas Williams

in Anselm

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195309386
eISBN:
9780199852123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309386.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Anselm's work is thoroughly argumentative in a way that is not burdened by elaborate technical machinery. Much of his writing was done in response to a request or as a reaction against some emergent ... More


Divine Production in Late Medieval Trinitarian Theology: Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

JT Paasch

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199646371
eISBN:
9780191739293
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646371.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

According to the doctrine of the Trinity, the Father, Son, and Spirit are supposed to be distinct from each other, and yet be one and the same God. As if that were not perplexing enough, there is ... More


The Filioque from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century

Edward A. Siecienski

in The Filioque: History of a Doctrinal Controversy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372045
eISBN:
9780199777297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Following the death of Maximus the Confessor in 662 there was a centuries-long silence about the filioque from Eastern sources although the West continued to embrace and teach the doctrine as an ... More


Complete Explanation

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In a full explanation, the explaining factors necessitate the phenomena to be explained. A special kind of full explanation is a complete explanation, one where none of the explaining factors can ... More


The Avicennan Heritage

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Prior to Avicenna, philosophy in Arabic-speaking lands was identified with a Neoplatonized Aristotelianism; however, after him it was Avicenna’s philosophical vision that came to dominate, which ... More


Aristotelian Preliminaries

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Aristotelian philosophy gave Aquinas, Giles of Rome, Scotus, and Ockham the philosophical tools they needed to formulate real presence and sacramental causality precisely. This chapter orients by ... More


Sacramental Causality: “Effecting What They Figure!”

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Circumcision and new-law sacraments were held to be efficacious signs of spiritual benefits in suitable receivers and/or the real presence of the Body and Blood of Christ. Since the material stuffs ... More


Duns Scotus on Placement Problems

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Scotus argues that Thomistic transubstantiation is the wrong change. What needs to be explained is not the whole-being of Christ's Body, but its being present on altars where mass is said. Scotus ... More


Duns Scotus on Two Types of Transubstantiation

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Scotus finds Giles' ‘improvements’ on Aquinas metaphysically tangled. This chapter examines Scotus' critique and his own fresh definitions: productive transubstantiation (extant substance S1 wholly ... More


Judaism and Natural Law: Some Background Considerations

Jonathan Jacobs

in Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter describes some of the most important medieval conceptions of natural law as background to considering whether Jewish moral thought involves natural law elements and why that might ... More


Doctrinal Prologue

Gregory B. Graybill

in Evangelical Free Will: Phillipp Melanchthon's Doctrinal Journey on the Origins of Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589487
eISBN:
9780191594588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter presents the theological context in which Melanchthon operated. The soteriologies of nine major figures in the western Christian tradition are given, with an emphasis on their ... More


Independent Accidents: Scotus and Ockham

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Scotus and Ockham both deny that reified quantity can play any role in the individuation of material substances or their accidents. Moreover, they interpret Aristotle as saying, not that only ... More


Theology Provoking Philosophy

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Like Neoplatonists before them, Aquinas, Giles of Rome, Scotus, and Ockham transplant chunks of Aristotle's analysis into a framework containing Divine omnipotence and real presence. This chapter ... More


Creaturely Freedom and God as Creator Omnium

Katherin A. Rogers

in Anselm on Freedom

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

Classical theism holds that God is the Creator omnium — the absolute source of all that has ontological status. Boethius, following Augustine, holds that God is the cause of everything apparently ... More


The Power Dialectic

Paul Helm

in John Calvin's Ideas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199255696
eISBN:
9780191602429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199255695.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Develops the theme of divine power raised in the previous chapter. Is God for Calvin a tyrant, a God of pure will? In the light of a consideration of the mediaeval 'power dialectic between God's ... More


Varieties of Distinction

Isabel Iribarren

in Durandus of St Pourcain: A Dominican Theologian in the Shadow of Aquinas

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282319
eISBN:
9780191603426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282315.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the accounts which various scholastic theologians gave of a notion central to medieval discussions of the Trinity, that ... More


Hervaeus Natalis's Commentary on the Hervaeus Natalis's Commentary on the Sentences

Iribarren Isabel

in Durandus of St Pourcain: A Dominican Theologian in the Shadow of Aquinas

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282319
eISBN:
9780191603426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282315.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter presents Hervaeus Natalis’s early Trinitarian account from book I of his Sentences commentary. This account shows how ... More


Hervaeus's Quodlibetal Disputations

Isabel Iribarren

in Durandus of St Pourcain: A Dominican Theologian in the Shadow of Aquinas

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282319
eISBN:
9780191603426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282315.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter is devoted to Hervaeus Natalis’s quodlibetal disputations, thus introducing the quodlibetal exchange between Hervaeus and ... More


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