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The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Stephen Gaukroger

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The West's sense of itself, its relation to its past, and its sense of its future have been profoundly altered since the 17th century as cognitive values generally have gradually come to be shaped ... More


The Traditional Sciences, the Scientific Revolution, and Its Aftermath

Seyyed Hossein Nasr

in Religion & The Order of Nature: The 1994 Cadbury Lectures at the University of Birmingham

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108231
eISBN:
9780199853441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108231.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

To understand the radical transformations brought about by modern science concerning the order of nature, it is necessary first to mention the significance of the traditional sciences of the cosmos ... More


Whatever Should We Do with Cartesian Method?—Reclaiming Descartes for the History of Science

John A. Schuster

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter describes the discovery, perfection, and application of the scientific method as the Scientific Revolution happens. Bacon, Galileo, Harvey, Huygens, and Newton were singularly successful ... More


What is Science?

Robin Feldman

in The Role of Science in Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368581
eISBN:
9780199867455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368581.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter highlights key moments in which science emerges and separates from other types of intellectual inquiry. In particular, it focuses on three periods of history that are critical to the ... More


When Structure Met Sputnik:: On the Cold War Origins of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

George Reisch

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines two moments in the development of Thomas Kuhn’s theory of science that debuted in 1962’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions: when Kuhn spoke in Berkeley about the meaning ... More


Big Science and “Big Science Studies” in the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War

Elena Aronova

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

‘Big Science’ as a notion was coined in 1960 by physicist Alvin Weinberg and physicist-turned-historian Derek de Solla Price, and immediately became the center of heated discussions in the U.S. ... More


Renaissance, Reformation and Scientific Revolution

Jeremy Black

in The Power of Knowledge: How Information and Technology Made the Modern World

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300167955
eISBN:
9780300198546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300167955.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter describes the significant role played by the Renaissance, the Protestant Reformation, and the Scientific Revolution in the coming of the modern age. It discusses the consequences of the ... More


The Worlds of Aulus Gellius

Leofranc Holford-Strevens and Amiel Vardi (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199264827
eISBN:
9780191718403
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264827.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This collection of essays on the 2nd-century Roman miscellanist Aulus Gellius, the author of the Attic Nights, is the first multi-author study of his work in any language. It brings together the work ... More


From Romsey to Paris

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter examines Petty's early life and apprenticeship in England, education at a Jesuit collège in Normandy, and studies in philosophy and medicine in Utrecht, Leiden, Amsterdam and Paris ... More


William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Ted McCormick

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

William Petty (1623–1687) was a founding figure in the history of social science, an architect of English colonial power in Ireland, and a champion of the new empirical and mechanical philosophy at ... More


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