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Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine: Decoding the Literary Record

Richard Kalmin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306194
eISBN:
9780199784998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306198.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Babylonian Talmud was compiled in the 3rd through 6th centuries CE, by rabbis living under Sasanian Persian rule in the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. What kind of society did ... More


Comparing Sasanian Religions

Jason Sion Mokhtarian

in Rabbis, Sorcerers, Kings, and Priests: The Culture of the Talmud in Ancient Iran

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520286207
eISBN:
9780520961548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286207.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter draws from the field of comparative religion in order to map out the prospects and pitfalls of juxtaposing the Talmudic and Middle Persian corpora, a task beset with significant ... More


Religious Iconography on Ancient Iranian Coins

VESTA SARKHOSH CURTIS

in After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263846
eISBN:
9780191734113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263846.003.0021
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter aims to draw attention to the importance of coin iconography in the Parthian and Sasanian periods and to suggest an alternative approach to the conventional reading of the symbolism. The ... More


A Tower of Silence of the Sasanian Period at Bandiyan: Some observations about Dakhmas in Zoroastrian Religion

MEHDI RAHBAR

in After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263846
eISBN:
9780191734113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263846.003.0023
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses some observations about dakhmas in Zoroastrianism during the Sasanian period in Bandiyan based on 1994 archaeological excavations. On the basis of the evidence gathered, it can ... More


Rabbis and Sasanian Kings in Dialogue

Jason Sion Mokhtarian

in Rabbis, Sorcerers, Kings, and Priests: The Culture of the Talmud in Ancient Iran

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520286207
eISBN:
9780520961548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286207.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Talmud includes around two dozen passages about the Arsacid or Sasanian monarchs Ardawan IV, Shapur I, Shapur II, Yazdegird I, and Peroz. This chapter researches the Talmudic texts that describe ... More


Hermes in Sasanian Iran

Kevin van Bladel

in The Arabic Hermes: From Pagan Sage to Prophet of Science

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195376135
eISBN:
9780199871636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376135.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

The first references to Hermes and his works in Arabic appear among the Iranian astrologers at the court of the ʿAbbāsid caliphs during the second half of the 8th century. These astrologers knew ... More


Constantine and the Captive Christians of Persia: Martyrdom and Religious Identity in Late Antiquity

Kyle Smith

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520289604
eISBN:
9780520964204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520289604.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

It is widely believed that the Emperor Constantine's conversion to Christianity politicized religious allegiances, dividing the Christian Roman Empire from the Zoroastrian Sasanian Empire and leading ... More


Rabbis, Sorcerers, Kings, and Priests: The Culture of the Talmud in Ancient Iran

Jason Sion Mokhtarian

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520286207
eISBN:
9780520961548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286207.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book is a synthetic study of the impact of the Persian Sasanian context on the Babylonian Talmud, perhaps the most important corpus in the Jewish sacred canon. What impact did the Persian ... More


Epilogue: The Legacy of the Two Eyes of the Earth

Matthew P. Canepa

in The Two Eyes of the Earth: Art and Ritual of Kingship between Rome and Sasanian Iran

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257276
eISBN:
9780520944572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257276.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

Rome and Sasanian Iran's fraught relationship as brothers and enemies was the crucible that forged the late antique Mediterranean, Europe, and western Asia. The end result of their coexistence was ... More


Rabbis and Zoroastrian Priests in Judicial Settings

Jason Sion Mokhtarian

in Rabbis, Sorcerers, Kings, and Priests: The Culture of the Talmud in Ancient Iran

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520286207
eISBN:
9780520961548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286207.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explores the ties between the Babylonian rabbis and Zoroastrian priests in judicial contexts. After giving a detailed review of the philological background of the two terms that the ... More


Conversion and the Family in the Acts of the Persian Martyrs

Joel Thomas Walker

in The Legend of Mar Qardagh: Narrative and Christian Heroism in Late Antique Iraq

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520245785
eISBN:
9780520932197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245785.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the rhetoric of family relations in Sasanian martyr literature, focusing on the legend of Mar Qardagh. Familial strife is a critical leitmotif of the Qardagh legend, yet there ... More


Conclusion

Richard E. Payne

in A State of Mixture: Christians, Zoroastrians, and Iranian Political Culture in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520286191
eISBN:
9780520961531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286191.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This concluding chapter traces the development of the relationship between the Church of the East and the Iranian Empire, which took shape over the course of two centuries. It details how Christians ... More


A Captive Sasanian Princess

Garth Fowden

in Qusayr 'Amra: Art and the Umayyad Elite in Late Antique Syria

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520236653
eISBN:
9780520929609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520236653.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The Quṣayr 'Amra bathing beauty panel was placed right next to the six kings. It now more or less obliges us to suppose that the Umayyads deployed a similar plan in one or more of their grander ... More


Res Gestae Diυi Saporis: Greek and Sasanian Anti-Roman Propaganda

ZEEV RUBIN

in Bilingualism in Ancient Society: Language Contact and the Written Text

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199245062
eISBN:
9780191715129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245062.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The Res Gestae Diυi Saporis (RGDS) is an extraordinary inscriptional document, an account given by the Sasanian king Shāpūr I (240-271) of his empire, its extent and structure, of some of his ... More


Early Islam and late antiquity

Marcus Milwright

in An Introduction to Islamic Archaeology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748623105
eISBN:
9780748671298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623105.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

This chapter deals with the degree to which the earliest phase of Islamic history (seventh and early eighth centuries) exhibits continuity with the patterns of urban and rural life in the preceding ... More


The Two Eyes of the Earth: Art and Ritual of Kingship between Rome and Sasanian Iran

Matthew Canepa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257276
eISBN:
9780520944572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257276.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This study examines a pivotal period in the history of Europe and the Near East. Spanning the ancient and medieval worlds, it investigates the shared ideal of sacred kingship that emerged in the late ... More


Empires, Clients, and Politics

Greg Fisher

in Between Empires: Arabs, Romans, and Sasanians in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599271
eISBN:
9780191724992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599271.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines in detail the political relationship between the Romans and the Arabs, tracing the evident developments in political confidence exhibited by 6th century Arab elites as far back ... More


Introduction

Matthew P. Canepa

in The Two Eyes of the Earth: Art and Ritual of Kingship between Rome and Sasanian Iran

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257276
eISBN:
9780520944572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257276.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This book focuses on a pivotal period in political and religious history, poised between the ancient and medieval worlds in the Mediterranean and the Near East, and offers an analysis of the ... More


The Art and Ritual of Kingship within and between Rome and Sasanian Iran

Matthew P. Canepa

in The Two Eyes of the Earth: Art and Ritual of Kingship between Rome and Sasanian Iran

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257276
eISBN:
9780520944572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257276.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

Through art and ritual, Roman and Sasanian sovereigns could communicate complex, multivalent, even contradictory, messages about their identity. Much like the accessions of the Roman empire, the ... More


Šāpūr I, King of Kings of Iran and Non-Iran

Matthew P. Canepa

in The Two Eyes of the Earth: Art and Ritual of Kingship between Rome and Sasanian Iran

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257276
eISBN:
9780520944572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257276.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

Šāpūr I's prodigious military successes and innovations in Sasanian kingship had a great impact on Sasanian royal identity and visual culture for this reason, as well as the fact that his reign, of ... More


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