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Shaping Global Islamic Discourses: The Role of al-Azhar, al-Medina and al-Mustafa

Masooda Bano and Keiko Sakurai (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748696857
eISBN:
9781474412247
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696857.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Claims abound that Saudi oil money is fuelling Salafi Islam in cultural and geographical terrains as disparate as the remote hamlets of the Swat valley in Pakistan and sprawling megacities such as ... More


Salafism as the Future of European Islam?

Esra Özyürek

in Being German, Becoming Muslim: Race, Religion, and Conversion in the New Europe

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162782
eISBN:
9781400852710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162782.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter concentrates on the theological aspects of Salafism that attract non-Muslims in postunification Germany. It argues that certain characteristics of Salafism, particularly its ... More


The Temptation of Graves in Salafi Islam: Iconoclasm, Destruction and Idolatry

Ondrej Beránek and Pavel Tupek

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474417570
eISBN:
9781474444774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474417570.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In various parts of the Islamic world over the past decades, virulent attacks have targeted Islamic funeral and sacral architecture. Rather than being random acts of vandalism, these are associated ... More


The Drama of Jihad: The Emergence of Salafi Youth in Indonesia

Noorhaidi Hasan

in Being Young and Muslim: New Cultural Politics in the Global South and North

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195369212
eISBN:
9780199871179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369212.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Islam

Using the backdrop of the bloody communal warfare between Muslims and Christians that erupted in the islands of the Moluccas in the eastern part of Indonesia in January 1999, this chapter examines ... More


From Sufism to Salafism, 1905–11

Michael Laffan

in The Makings of Indonesian Islam: Orientalism and the Narration of a Sufi Past

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145303
eISBN:
9781400839995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145303.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter traces the ongoing debates about Sufism in relation to changing notions of orthodoxy, focusing on the new Salafi movement of Muhammad ʻAbduh and Muhammad Rashid Rida. As a part of their ... More


Fighting for the Holy Mosque: The 1979 Mecca Insurgency

Pascal Ménoret

in Treading on Hallowed Ground: Counterinsurgency Operations in Sacred Spaces

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195342048
eISBN:
9780199852017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342048.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the 1979 siege of the Grand Mosque in Mecca. The chapter is organized as follows. The first section examines the history of Juhayman's movement, “The Salafi Group that commands ... More


Iran's Regional Policies Since the End of the Cold War

Anoushiravan Ehteshami

in Contemporary Iran: Economy, Society, Politics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378481
eISBN:
9780199852345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378481.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter deals with decision making in Iranian foreign policy. It argues that both domestic and regional changes have combined to make of Iran an exceptional case study of how an Islamic ... More


The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman: Paths to Conversion

Anabel Inge

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190611675
eISBN:
9780190611705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611675.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The spread of Salafism—often called ‘Wahhabism’—in the West has intrigued and alarmed observers since 9/11. Many see it as a fundamentalist interpretation of Islam that subjugates women and fuels ... More


The Modern Scene: Rashīd Riḍā and Beyond

Mohammad Hassan Khalil

in Islam and the Fate of Others: The Salvation Question

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199796663
eISBN:
9780199933082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796663.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Rashid Rida (d. 1935) was, in effect, the spokesperson for the modern Salafi movement. On the topic of salvation, Rida builds on the writings of his predecessors, and submits that God will deliver ... More


Following Current Paths of Destruction: ISIS and Beyond

Ondřej Beránek and Pavel Ťupek

in The Temptation of Graves in Salafi Islam: Iconoclasm, Destruction and Idolatry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474417570
eISBN:
9781474444774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474417570.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter outlines the context within which various iconoclastic incidents have taken place in various parts of the Islamic world in recent years. After focusing on ISIS and the massive ... More


Between ‘Abd al-Wahhab and Liu Zhi: Chinese Muslim Intellectuals at the Turn of the Twenty-first Century

Leila Chérif-Chebbi

in Islamic Thought in China: Sino-Muslim Intellectual Evolution from the 17th to the 21st Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474402279
eISBN:
9781474422468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402279.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This article surveys Chinese Muslim intellectuals at the turn of the 21st century, dividing them into three sociological categories: (1) officials and state-approved scholars; (2) religious clerics ... More


The Islamic University of Medina since 1961: The Politics of Religious Mission and the Making of a Modern Salafi Pedagogy<sup>1</sup>

Mike Farquhar

in Shaping Global Islamic Discourses: The Role of al-Azhar, al-Medina and al-Mustafa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748696857
eISBN:
9781474412247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696857.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter offers an analysis of how the Islamic University of Medina (IUM) was from its very inception meant to function as a Saudi state-backed Salafi missionary project with global reach. The ... More


From Mecca to Cairo: Changing Influences on Fatwas in Southeast Asia

Yuki Shiozaki

in Shaping Global Islamic Discourses: The Role of al-Azhar, al-Medina and al-Mustafa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748696857
eISBN:
9781474412247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696857.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter demonstrates how exposure to al Azhar led over time to the complete transformation of the methodology adopted by independent ulama and state religious platforms to issue fatwas in ... More


What is Reform?

Roman Loimeier

in Islamic Reform in Twentieth-Century Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748695430
eISBN:
9781474427050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748695430.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter defines the central terms of the book: What is reform, what are the markers of reform, what characterizes processes of reform, what is Salafi-oriented reform and how is Salafi-oriented ... More


A Wahhabi Corpus in Motion

Michael Farquhar

in Circuits of Faith: Migration, Education, and the Wahhabi Mission

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798358
eISBN:
9781503600270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798358.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter considers the content of teaching at the Islamic University of Medina, from the time of its founding and over the decades that followed. While IUM syllabuses were from the start strongly ... More


Fieldwork

Anabel Inge

in The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman: Paths to Conversion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190611675
eISBN:
9780190611705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611675.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter describes where and how the author conducted her ethnography, including her methods (long-term participant observation, semi-structured and informal interviews, and textual analysis) and ... More


Commitment and Belonging: The Role of Circles of Knowledge

Anabel Inge

in The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman: Paths to Conversion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190611675
eISBN:
9780190611705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611675.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explains how Salafi groups employ ‘circles of knowledge’ (halaqat) —gatherings for religious study—to elicit instrumental, affective, and moral commitment from followers. The author ... More


Reform in Context I: Senegal (and Mali)

Roman Loimeier

in Islamic Reform in Twentieth-Century Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748695430
eISBN:
9781474427050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748695430.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter introduces Senegal as a first regional context for the emergence of both Sufi- and Salafi-oriented movements of reform. It shows that neither movement of reform was monolithic but ... More


Conclusion: The Meaning of Islamic Reform

Roman Loimeier

in Islamic Reform in Twentieth-Century Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748695430
eISBN:
9781474427050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748695430.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter summarizes the results of the book. In particular, it raises the question what Islamic reform actually means for Muslims in sub-Saharan Africa and it points out both patterns and ... More


Tunisia

Ibrahim Fraihat

in Unfinished Revolutions: Yemen, Libya, and Tunisia after the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300215632
eISBN:
9780300220957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215632.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The Arab Spring began in Tunisia in December 2010 with anti-regime protests. Tunisians managed to topple Ben Ali in a matter of weeks and Tunisia’s political transition has gone relatively well. ... More


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