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High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552757
eISBN:
9780191708664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552757.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers both practical and theoretical aspects of atomic resolution transmission electron microscopy. The discovery of the carbon nanotube, the three-dimensional imaging of the ribosome, and ... More


Knowledge Wars

Phillip Brown, Hugh Lauder, and David Ashton

in The Global Auction: The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs, and Incomes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199731688
eISBN:
9780199944125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731688.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter explains why concerns about the education system in America in bringing the opportunity bargain are well founded. It begins by studying the globalization of highly skilled workers, or ... More


SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND Z-CONTRAST

JOHN C. H. SPENCE

in High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552757
eISBN:
9780191708664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552757.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter first reviews the relationship (by reciprocity) between transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), with a brief history of STEM. The ... More


FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRON TOMOGRAPHY

Paul A. Midgley and Matthew Weyland

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews the fundamentals of electron tomography and highlights aspects that are unique to using electrons. Each imaging mode used for electron tomography is discussed. Their benefits and ... More


U.S. Engineering in a Global Economy

Richard B. Freeman and Hal Salzman (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226468334
eISBN:
9780226468471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226468471.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The labor market for specialists in STEM jobs is a complex and controversial topic for economists, labor market researchers, and policy makers. U.S. Engineering in a Global Economy continues a long ... More


The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning: A Guide for Scientists, Engineers, and Mathematicians

Jacqueline Dewar, Curtis Bennett, and Matthew A. Fisher

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198821212
eISBN:
9780191860751
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821212.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

This book is a guide to the scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL) for scientists, engineers, and mathematicians teaching at the collegiate level in countries around the world. It shows ... More


High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668632
eISBN:
9780191749322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668632.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

High-resolution electron microscopy covers both the practice and theory of atomic-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in all its modern forms and applications, with the aim of ‘seeing ... More


Introduction: Why Women in Science Are Still Controversial after Thirty Years

Sue V. Rosser

in Breaking into the Lab: Engineering Progress for Women in Science

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776452
eISBN:
9780814771525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776452.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This introductory chapter provides an overview of women in the science, engineering, technology, and mathematics (STEM) workforce. During the last three decades, the overall percentage of women ... More


The Transition toward Entrepreneurial Universities: An Assessment of Academic Entrepreneurship in Italy

Nicola Baldini, Riccardo Fini, and Rosa Grimaldi

in The Chicago Handbook of University Technology Transfer and Academic Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226178349
eISBN:
9780226178486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226178486.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter considers recent changes in the Italian university systems, which were designed to stimulate academic entrepreneurship. Changes in the context of similar trends taking place in other ... More


Gender and Achievement Choices

Jacquelynne S. Eccles

in Societal Contexts of Child Development: Pathways of Influence and Implications for Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199943913
eISBN:
9780199354689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199943913.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Women continue to be underrepresented in physical science and engineering degree programs, and on university and college faculties across the natural sciences, engineering, and mathematics. Why is ... More


The Engineering Labor Market: An Overview of Recent Trends

Daniel Kuehn and Hal Salzman

in U.S. Engineering in a Global Economy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226468334
eISBN:
9780226468471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226468471.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Chapter one sets the stage for the rest of the book with a review of the engineering labor force, focusing on the employment, salary, and career trajectories of graduates that obtain engineering ... More


Engineering Educational Opportunity: Impacts of 1970s and 1980s Policies to Increase the Share of Black College Graduates with a Major in Engineering or Computer Science

Catherine J. Weinberger

in U.S. Engineering in a Global Economy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226468334
eISBN:
9780226468471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226468471.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, U.S. institutions of higher education began to address long-standing patterns of exclusion. Initial efforts to improve the access of black students to engineering ... More


Scanning transmission electron microscopy and <b><i>Z</i></b>-contrast

John C. H. Spence

in High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668632
eISBN:
9780191749322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668632.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 8 reviews the theory of scanning transmission electron microscopy using a field-emission electron microscope. The bright-field, dark-field, and high-angle dark-field modes are described, and ... More


Positive Interventions from Mentors and Mentoring Networks

Sue V. Rosser

in Breaking into the Lab: Engineering Progress for Women in Science

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776452
eISBN:
9780814771525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776452.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter discusses the importance of mentors for women seeking a career in science, engineering, technology, and mathematics (STEM). Research documents that most women and under-represented ... More


Creative Education

Thomas Fisher

in Designing Our Way to a Better World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816698875
eISBN:
9781452954264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816698875.003.0004
Subject:
Art, Design

This chapter addresses the near absence of design education in K-12 schools and how it often reflects the myth of the creative genius in modern society. The chapter explores work by several creative ... More


To Be or Not to Be: Major Choices in Budding Scientists

Eric Bettinger

in American Universities in a Global Market

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226110448
eISBN:
9780226110455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226110455.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter focuses on an earlier point in the pipeline of scientists and engineers—specifically, the development of scientists and engineers in undergraduate studies. As the labor market models ... More


A pathway of knowledge transfer from Korea to Asian countries: Korea’s policies on foreign-born students in science and engineering

Jungbu Kim and Seong Soo Oh

in After-Development Dynamics: South Korea's Contemporary Engagement with Asia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198729433
eISBN:
9780191796340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729433.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the possibility of knowledge transfer from South Korea to neighboring Asian countries through incoming Asian students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics ... More


Prelude to the Global Financial Credit Crisis: Growing Turbulence under a Flat Sea

John Silvia

in The Global Financial Crisis and Its Aftermath: Hidden Factors in the Meltdown

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199386222
eISBN:
9780199386253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199386222.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Economic behavior is built upon the beliefs and values of any society. The global financial credit crisis altered each of these elements and this has led to an economic expansion, especially for the ... More


High-Skilled Migration Policy Challenges from a US Perspective

Michael S. Teitelbaum

in High-Skilled Migration: Drivers and Policies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198815273
eISBN:
9780191853029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815273.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter addresses the arguments and available evidence about the complex intersections among basic research, claimed STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) talent shortages, ... More


Revisiting Current Causes of Women’s Underrepresentation in Science

Carole J. Lee

in Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1: Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198713241
eISBN:
9780191781698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713241.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Given the body of experimental studies on gender bias in the evaluation of women in academia (e.g. Steinpreis, Anders, and Ritzke, 1999; Moss-Racusin et al., 2012), many expected implicit bias to be ... More


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