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Scientific Institutions

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter seeks to analyse the involvement of Jews and Quakers in a range of scientific institutions. One is the Royal Society of London, the membership of which was open to non-Anglicans since no ... More


Bayes's Theorem

Richard Swinburne (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263419
eISBN:
9780191734175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Bayes' theorem is a tool for assessing how probable evidence makes some hypothesis. The papers in this book consider the worth and applicability of the theorem. The book sets out the philosophical ... More


Reconstructing the Natural Philosopher

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The development of the persona of the natural philosopher is the key to understanding how natural philosophy becomes inserted into European culture in the 16th and 17th centuries. This chapter shows ... More


From Refugee Assistance to Freedom of Learning: the Strategic Vision of A. V. Hill, 1933–1964

Paul Weindling

in In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

The founding of the Academic Assistance Council (AAC) in May 1933 was a rapid and constructive response to the Nazi threat to science and learning. Among the far-sighted academics involved was the ... More


London, 1669–1685

Noel Malcolm

in John Pell (1611-1685) and His Correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish: The Mental World of an Early Modern Mathematician

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564843
eISBN:
9780191713750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564843.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter chronicles the life of John Pell in London from 1669 to 1685. John Pell returned to London in the late summer of 1669. The reasons for the move are not entirely clear; there is certainly ... More


The institutionalisation of geography as an academic discipline

Ron Johnston

in A Century of British Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262863
eISBN:
9780191734076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262863.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Although geography has a long history as an intellectual activity in the United Kingdom, it was only institutionalised as a separate academic discipline in the country's universities at the end of ... More


John Pell (1611-1685) and His Correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish: The Mental World of an Early Modern Mathematician

Noel Malcolm and Jacqueline Stedall

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564843
eISBN:
9780191713750
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564843.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The mathematician John Pell was a member of the Royal Society and one of the generation of scientists that included Boyle, Wren, and Hooke. Although he left a huge body of manuscript materials, he ... More


In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Shula Marks, Paul Weindling, and Laura Wintour (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Established in the 1930s to rescue scientists and scholars from Nazi Europe, the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning (SPSL, founded in 1933 as the Academic Assistance Council and now ... More


Epilogue

John Jenkin

in William and Lawrence Bragg, Father and Son: The Most Extraordinary Collaboration in Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235209
eISBN:
9780191715631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235209.003.00019
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

William moved to the Royal Institution (Ri), finding contentment in its unique atmosphere. He pioneered radio science broadcasts and oversaw continuing research. Gwendoline died in 1929, but ... More


Fifty‐Eight Years of Friendship: Kelvin and Stokes

Alastair Wood

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the friendship between Sir G. G. Stokes and Kelvin. Kelvin was Stokes's principal correspondent over a period of fifty-six years. The correspondence between the two provide ... More


Introduction

Martin Daunton

in The Organisation of Knowledge in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263266
eISBN:
9780191734854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263266.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book places the establishment of the British Academy in the context of the Victorian organisation of knowledge. In this introductory chapter, the nature of academic, official, and legitimate ... More


Science and Policy in the Restoration

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter looks at Petty's continuing scientific work and growing interest in economic and social questions between the Restoration of the Stuart monarchy and his invention of political arithmetic ... More


Measuring the World: Exploration, Empire and the Reform of the Royal Geographical Society, c. 1874–93

Max Jones

in The Organisation of Knowledge in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263266
eISBN:
9780191734854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263266.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the relationship between geography, exploration and empire. It focuses on the Royal Geographical Society (RGS) and how it influenced the organisation of knowledge in Victorian ... More


‘Accidents of the air’: Sydenham and Boerhaave in the tropics

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Chapter 2 shows how British practitioners, many from Dissenting backgrounds or trained at the University of Edinburgh, sought to apply the insights of Sydenham and Boerhaave to their work on disease ... More


 Virtues and the Scientific Revolution

Rose‐Mary Sargent

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Experimental philosophers of 17th-century England recognized a complex relationship between scientific values and civic virtues. Francis Bacon, motivated by his desire to promote the common good by ... More


Hobbes and the Royal Society

Noel Malcolm

in Aspects of Hobbes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247141
eISBN:
9780191597992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247145.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Offers an answer to the question: why was Hobbes never elected a Fellow of the Royal Society? It argues that although the Royal Society was in many ways more like a club than a modern academic ... More


Human Factors in Hazardous Situations: Proceedings of a Royal Society Discussion Meeting held on 28 and 29 June 1989

D. E. Broadbent, J. Reason, and A. Baddeley (eds)

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521914
eISBN:
9780191688454
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521914.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Human performance is a key factor in the operation of many systems: for example, in nuclear power installations and in transport. The topics discussed in this volume are of both theoretical and ... More


The Membership

G. L’E Turner

in Discussing Chemistry and Steam: The Minutes of a Coffee House Philosophical Society 1780-1787

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515302
eISBN:
9780191705694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515302.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter contains biographical sketches of the members, together with a record of attendance and non-attendance at the meetings, and brief commentary. The men who met at the Chapter Coffee House, ... More


Atomism and Mechanism

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The ancient atomists, beginning with Democritus, maintained that there existed only atoms, endowed with a power of motion, and void, and that sensory qualities such as colors and scents had no ... More


Man of Science and Liberality

F. C. MATHER

in High Church Prophet: Bishop Samuel Horsley (1733–1806) and the Caroline Tradition in the Later Georgian Church

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202271
eISBN:
9780191675263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202271.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

On 30 November 1771 Samuel Horsley was elected to the Council of the Royal Society. One of his most important contributions was the proposal he laid before Council on 21 December 1775 to ‘publish, by ... More


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