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Bayes's Theorem

Richard Swinburne (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263419
eISBN:
9780191734175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Bayes' theorem is a tool for assessing how probable evidence makes some hypothesis. The papers in this book consider the worth and applicability of the theorem. The book sets out the philosophical ... More


Scientific Institutions

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter seeks to analyse the involvement of Jews and Quakers in a range of scientific institutions. One is the Royal Society of London, the membership of which was open to non-Anglicans since no ... More


The Correspondence of John Wallis (1616–1703): Volume II (1660 – September 1668)

Philip Beeley and Christoph Scriba

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198566014
eISBN:
9780191713996
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566014.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This is the second book of a six volume edition of the complete correspondence of one of the leading figures in the scientific revolution of the 17th century, the Oxford mathematician and theologian ... More


Reconstructing the Natural Philosopher

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The development of the persona of the natural philosopher is the key to understanding how natural philosophy becomes inserted into European culture in the 16th and 17th centuries. This chapter shows ... More


From Refugee Assistance to Freedom of Learning: the Strategic Vision of A. V. Hill, 1933–1964

Paul Weindling

in In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

The founding of the Academic Assistance Council (AAC) in May 1933 was a rapid and constructive response to the Nazi threat to science and learning. Among the far-sighted academics involved was the ... More


London, 1669–1685

Noel Malcolm

in John Pell (1611-1685) and His Correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish: The Mental World of an Early Modern Mathematician

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564843
eISBN:
9780191713750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564843.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter chronicles the life of John Pell in London from 1669 to 1685. John Pell returned to London in the late summer of 1669. The reasons for the move are not entirely clear; there is certainly ... More


The institutionalisation of geography as an academic discipline

Ron Johnston

in A Century of British Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262863
eISBN:
9780191734076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262863.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Although geography has a long history as an intellectual activity in the United Kingdom, it was only institutionalised as a separate academic discipline in the country's universities at the end of ... More


John Pell (1611-1685) and His Correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish: The Mental World of an Early Modern Mathematician

Noel Malcolm and Jacqueline Stedall

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564843
eISBN:
9780191713750
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564843.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The mathematician John Pell was a member of the Royal Society and one of the generation of scientists that included Boyle, Wren, and Hooke. Although he left a huge body of manuscript materials, he ... More


In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Shula Marks, Paul Weindling, and Laura Wintour (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Established in the 1930s to rescue scientists and scholars from Nazi Europe, the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning (SPSL, founded in 1933 as the Academic Assistance Council and now ... More


Fifty‐Eight Years of Friendship: Kelvin and Stokes

Alastair Wood

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the friendship between Sir G. G. Stokes and Kelvin. Kelvin was Stokes's principal correspondent over a period of fifty-six years. The correspondence between the two provide ... More


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