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Bayes's Theorem

Richard Swinburne (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263419
eISBN:
9780191734175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Bayes' theorem is a tool for assessing how probable evidence makes some hypothesis. The papers in this book consider the worth and applicability of the theorem. The book sets out the philosophical ... More


On the halfinvariants in the theory of observations 78

T. N. Thiele

in Thiele: Pioneer in Statistics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509721
eISBN:
9780191709197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509721.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter presents a reprint of part of Hald (2000a), which was read before the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, where Thiele concludes the mathematical theory of his halfinvariants. ... More


The Royal Navy and the German Threat, 1901-1914: Admiralty Plans to Protect British Trade in a War Against Germany

Matthew S. Seligmann

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199574032
eISBN:
9780191741432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574032.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This book examines the way in which the prospect of a wartime German assault on British seaborne commerce influenced the development of British naval policy in the run up to the First World War. It ... More


Spies in Uniform: British Military and Naval Intelligence on the Eve of the First World War

Matthew S. Seligmann

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199261505
eISBN:
9780191718618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261505.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

Why did the British government declare war on Germany in August 1914? Was it because Germany posed a threat to British national security? Today many prominent historians would argue that this was not ... More


Fifty‐Eight Years of Friendship: Kelvin and Stokes

Alastair Wood

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the friendship between Sir G. G. Stokes and Kelvin. Kelvin was Stokes's principal correspondent over a period of fifty-six years. The correspondence between the two provide ... More


Epilogue

Marc Baer

in Theatre and Disorder in Late Georgian London

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112501
eISBN:
9780191670787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112501.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter discusses briefly what happened to the OPs who participated in the 1809 theatre riot. Other notable individuals linked to this incident are also discussed in this chapter in passing. The ... More


Unelected Houses

Iain McLean

in What's Wrong with the British Constitution?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546954
eISBN:
9780191720031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546954.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

‘The House of Peers throughout the war/Did nothing in particular/And did it very well.’ The Levellers and the case for an elected parliament. The Lords since 1909. Remaining conditional vetoes. The ... More


Monarchs

Iain Mclean

in What's Wrong with the British Constitution?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546954
eISBN:
9780191720031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546954.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

Purpose of a head of state. Executive and non‐executive heads of state in some democratic constitutions. Australian constitutional crisis 1975. Sir David Smith fails to wake the Queen's Private ... More


Reconstructing the Natural Philosopher

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The development of the persona of the natural philosopher is the key to understanding how natural philosophy becomes inserted into European culture in the 16th and 17th centuries. This chapter shows ... More


The Basic Constitutional Rules: The Rules of Succession

Vernon Bogdanor

in The Monarchy and the Constitution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293347
eISBN:
9780191598821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293348.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy governed by rules. In Britain, these rules are of two kinds—non‐statutory rules governing hereditary succession and statutory rules laying down certain ... More


The Financing of the Monarchy

Vernon Bogdanor

in The Monarchy and the Constitution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293347
eISBN:
9780191598821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293348.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The financing of the monarchy has always had constitutional implications. Indeed, control of finance was the crucial issue in the battles between the king and the parliament in the seventeenth ... More


THE KNOWING ORGANIZATION

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter introduces an information-based view of organizations — a model of how people and groups in organizations work with information to accomplish three outcomes: (1) create an identity and a ... More


Resist to the End: Hong Kong, 1941-1945

Charles Barman and Ray Barman

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099760
eISBN:
9789882207363
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099760.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This is one of the fullest descriptions of the fighting in Hong Kong in 1941 and subsequent imprisonment of Hong Kongers, but in addition it is the view of a mature professional soldier, one who had ... More


In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Shula Marks, Paul Weindling, and Laura Wintour (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Established in the 1930s to rescue scientists and scholars from Nazi Europe, the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning (SPSL, founded in 1933 as the Academic Assistance Council and now ... More


From Refugee Assistance to Freedom of Learning: the Strategic Vision of A. V. Hill, 1933–1964

Paul Weindling

in In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

The founding of the Academic Assistance Council (AAC) in May 1933 was a rapid and constructive response to the Nazi threat to science and learning. Among the far-sighted academics involved was the ... More


John Pell (1611-1685) and His Correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish: The Mental World of an Early Modern Mathematician

Noel Malcolm and Jacqueline Stedall

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564843
eISBN:
9780191713750
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564843.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The mathematician John Pell was a member of the Royal Society and one of the generation of scientists that included Boyle, Wren, and Hooke. Although he left a huge body of manuscript materials, he ... More


Human Factors in Hazardous Situations: Proceedings of a Royal Society Discussion Meeting held on 28 and 29 June 1989

D. E. Broadbent, J. Reason, and A. Baddeley (eds)

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521914
eISBN:
9780191688454
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521914.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Human performance is a key factor in the operation of many systems: for example, in nuclear power installations and in transport. The topics discussed in this volume are of both theoretical and ... More


‘Accidents of the air’: Sydenham and Boerhaave in the tropics

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Chapter 2 shows how British practitioners, many from Dissenting backgrounds or trained at the University of Edinburgh, sought to apply the insights of Sydenham and Boerhaave to their work on disease ... More


London, 1669–1685

Noel Malcolm

in John Pell (1611-1685) and His Correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish: The Mental World of an Early Modern Mathematician

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564843
eISBN:
9780191713750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564843.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter chronicles the life of John Pell in London from 1669 to 1685. John Pell returned to London in the late summer of 1669. The reasons for the move are not entirely clear; there is certainly ... More


Franco-British Naval Rivalry and the Crisis of the Monarchy, 1759–1789*

Olivier Chaline

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Did the immense investment in the French Navy in the context of the crisis of the monarchy outstrip the financial resources of the État royal, thus being a major cause or even the principal cause of ... More


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