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Conclusion

Caroline Humfress

in Orthodoxy and the Courts in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198208419
eISBN:
9780191716966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208419.003.011
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This concluding chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. In late antiquity, practitioners of forensic rhetoric were trained in how to handle general legal principles and ... More


<i>Dikaios</i>: Rejecting Statecraft

C. Kavin Rowe

in World Upside Down: Reading Acts in the Graeco-Roman Age

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195377873
eISBN:
9780199869459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377873.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

In light of the findings of Chapter 2, this chapter argues that the culturally destabilizing character of the Christian mission entails the potential for outsiders to construe Christianity as ... More


The Fall and Rise of Rome: Compensation, Atonement, and Deterrence in the Early Middle Ages

Paul Friedland

in Seeing Justice Done: The Age of Spectacular Capital Punishment in France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592692
eISBN:
9780191741852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592692.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, European Early Modern History

This chapter traces the various strands of thought and practice that formed the fabric of punishment in western Europe. In the early Middle Ages, punishment was largely retroactive, imposing fines ... More


Jurists Uprooted: German-Speaking Emigré Lawyers in Twentieth Century Britain

Jack Beatson and Reinhard Zimmermann (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199270583
eISBN:
9780191710230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270583.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Recent years have seen a growing body of literature on the contribution of scientists, historians, and literary and artistic figures who were forced to leave Germany and Austria after Adolf Hitler ... More


The Lectures on Jurisprudence and Roman Law 1

Gloria Vivenza

in Adam Smith and the Classics: The Classical Heritage in Adam Smith's Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296669
eISBN:
9780191597008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296665.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Deals with the classical influences that may be found in the Lectures on Jurisprudence, two sets of notes taken by Adam Smith's students. Smith's lectures are studied in the mainstream of modern ... More


History of Italian Law

Michael A. Livingston, Pier Giuseppe Monateri, and Francesco Parisi

Mauro Capelletti, John Henry Meryman, and Joseph M. Perillo (eds)

in The Italian Legal System: An Introduction, Second Edition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804774956
eISBN:
9780804796552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774956.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter traces the history of Italian law from the Roman period through the beginning of the Italian Republic (1946). It explains the history of Italian law in relation to the cultural, ... More


Roman Law, Contemporary Law, European Law: The Civilian Tradition Today

Reinhard Zimmermann

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299134
eISBN:
9780191708046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299134.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

Legal history helps us to understand modern or contemporary law. It explains why the law has become what it is. It lays open the premises on which the modern law is based. It constitutes a rich ... More


Pilate

Adele Reinhartz

in Jesus of Hollywood

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195146967
eISBN:
9780199785469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146967.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter looks at the representation of the Roman governor Pilate in the Jesus biopics in comparison with his role in the Gospel accounts. The Gospels portray him as a fair-minded and weak-willed ... More


Medieval Origins

Martin Loughlin

in Foundations of Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199256853
eISBN:
9780191594267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256853.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the way the modern concept of public law evolved from a series of debates within medieval jurisprudence. In these debates theological and political questions were invariably ... More


Fritz Schulz (1879–1957)

Wolfgang Ernst

in Jurists Uprooted: German-Speaking Emigré Lawyers in Twentieth Century Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199270583
eISBN:
9780191710230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270583.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Fritz Schulz (1879–1957) was one of the most successful Roman law scholars in Germany when the Nazi rule ended his career in 1933. Forced into early retirement, he and his wife held out in Germany ... More


Late Roman Advocates

Caroline Humfress

in Orthodoxy and the Courts in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198208419
eISBN:
9780191716966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208419.003.005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter explores the question of whether post-classical advocates influenced the development of late Roman law through their forensic pleading. Under the various late Roman civil cognitio ... More


Exegetical Cultures 2: Law and Religion

Garth Fowden

in Before and After Muhammad: The First Millennium Refocused

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158532
eISBN:
9781400848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158532.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines several other major learned or religious traditions that flourished during the First Millennium, with particular emphasis on their maturation through exegesis of and commentary ... More


Criminal Intent and Spectacular Punishment: The Infiltration of Roman Legal Theory and Practice into French Customary Law

Paul Friedland

in Seeing Justice Done: The Age of Spectacular Capital Punishment in France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592692
eISBN:
9780191741852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592692.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, European Early Modern History

Although customary and Roman law are often thought of as two entirely different bodies of law, this chapter charts the intrusion of Roman legal concepts—especially malice aforethought and exemplary ... More


THE COMMON LAWS OF EUROPE

H. Patrick Glenn

in On Common Laws

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199227655
eISBN:
9780191713606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227655.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Legal History

This chapter begins by discussing the need for a new European ius commune and the possibility of some global implications of its use. It then talks about the history of the European common laws ... More


Why were the Early Christians Persecuted? * 1

G. E. M. De Ste. Croix

in Christian Persecution, Martyrdom, and Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199278121
eISBN:
9780191707872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278121.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter reprints Ste. Croix's 1963 Past and Present investigation of why Christians were persecuted in the first three centuries, together with a brief response in 1964 to criticisms by A.N. ... More


Lecture One—The End of an Era: Transformation of Scholarship in Roman Law

REINHARD ZIMMERMANN

in Roman Law, Contemporary Law, European Law: The Civilian Tradition Today

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299134
eISBN:
9780191708046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299134.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This lecture shows how legal history lost touch with modern legal doctrine in 19th-century Germany. This process of emancipation was enormously beneficial in enhancing our knowledge of classical ... More


Avot in the Light of Classical Roman Jurisprudence

Amram Tropper

in Wisdom, Politics, and Historiography: Tractate Avot in the Context of the Graeco-Roman Near East

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199267125
eISBN:
9780191699184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267125.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter investigates some comparable themes in the contemporary sphere of the Roman law. It considers some salient features of the Roman setting and their relevance to Avot. The presence of ... More


 Conclusion: An Essay on Context

Gary Macy

in The Hidden History of Women's Ordination: Female Clergy in the Medieval West

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195189704
eISBN:
9780199868575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189704.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The concluding chapter speculates on some of the reasons why the definition of ordination changed in the 11th and 12th centuries, and, more importantly, why women were no longer considered either ... More


The Roman Foundations of the Law of Nations: Alberico Gentili and the Justice of Empire

Benedict Kingsbury and Benjamin Straumann (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599875
eISBN:
9780191595813
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599875.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This book makes the under-explored argument that modern international law was built on the foundations of Roman law and Roman imperial practice. A pivotal figure in this enterprise was the Italian ... More


Introduction and Background

Caroline Humfress

in Orthodoxy and the Courts in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198208419
eISBN:
9780191716966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208419.003.002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses forensic practitioners and the development of Roman Law from the late Republic to the late Empire. It describes the interaction of forensic practitioners in court under the ... More


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