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The Acquisition of Four Desires

Paul Weithman

in Why Political Liberalism?: On John Rawls's Political Turn

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393033
eISBN:
9780199894901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393033.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The arguments of Theory of Justice which are undermined by the inconsistency Rawls found are arguments intended to show what Rawls called the “congruence” of the right and the good. Those arguments ... More


Adam Smith’s Liberal Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter elucidates the main ways in which Adam Smith’s sentimentalist theory of justice departs from Hume’s. It begins with an objection to grounding political commitments in sympathetic ... More


Affirmative Action in Health

Shlomi Segall

in Equality and Opportunity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199661817
eISBN:
9780191760877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661817.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter contrasts two approaches to affirmative action in health, a Rawlsian (liberal) approach and the radical approach. The former prioritizes the medical needs of patients whose condition is ... More


After Between Facts and Norms: Religion in the Public Square, Multiculturalism, and the “Postnational Constellation”

in Habermas: The Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804769129
eISBN:
9780804777810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804769129.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Following the publication of his Between Facts and Norms, Jürgen Habermas has joined the growing discussion about the role of religion in public political discourse. This endeavor was prompted in ... More


Against Public Reason

David Enoch

in Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 1

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199669530
eISBN:
9780191749377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669530.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Political liberalism seeks to define the principles of political association in terms that are independent, not only of religious convictions and substantive notions of the human good, but also of ... More


Aggregate Autonomy, the Difference Principle, and the Calabresian Approach to Products Liability

JOHN B. ATTANASIO

in The Philosophical Foundations of Tort Law

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265795
eISBN:
9780191682971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265795.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

To illuminate and develop further the principle of aggregate autonomy, this chapter compares that principle’s defense of Calabresian theory with one that might be offered by Rawlsian analysis ... More


Aggregation and the Separateness of Persons

Iwao Hirose

in Moral Aggregation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199933686
eISBN:
9780199398324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933686.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter rejects another type of objection to interpersonal aggregation: the objection on the basis that interpersonal aggregation does not take the separateness of the person seriously. Section ... More


Allegiance and the Place of Civil Disobedience

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter is concerned with political obligation, i.e. with one's obligation to obey the laws of one's own country. Here, it is suggested that such an obligation (or one's ‘allegiance,’ as I ... More


Analytic Philosophy in America

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter traces the development of analytic philosophy in the United States, starting with the pragmatism of Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, and (later) Clarence Irving Lewis, and ... More


The Anonymity Requirement and Counterweight Principles

Catherine Wilson

in Moral Animals: Ideals and Constraints in Moral Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267675
eISBN:
9780191601859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267677.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Establishes a metaethical constraint on moral theorizing, the Anonymity Requirement, whose relation to John Rawls’ ‘veil of ignorance’ and to the utilitarian presumption that everyone's pains and ... More


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