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Problems of Rationality

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198237549
eISBN:
9780191601378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237545.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Applies Davidson's Unified Theory of thought, meaning, and action to three families of problems involving various aspects of rationality, some degree of which Davidson's theory of radical ... More


Beyond the Secular West

Akeel Bilgrami (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231170802
eISBN:
9780231541015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170802.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

What is the character of secularism in countries that were not pervaded by Christianity, such as China, India, and the nations of the Middle East? To what extent is the secular an imposition of ... More


Developing Operational Measures of the Explanatory Variables

Corina Wagner, Markus Steinbrecher, and Hans Rattinger

in The Europeanization of National Polities?: Citizenship and Support in a Post-Enlargement Union

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602346
eISBN:
9780191739163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602346.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Comparative Politics

This chapter describes the main explanatory variables (and associated measures) that are employed in subsequent chapters as independent, control, or intervening variables. The chapter presents a ... More


Evolution in Social Environments

Fernando Vega‐Redondo

in Evolution, Games, and Economic Behaviour

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774723
eISBN:
9780191596971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774729.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Generalizes the dynamic approach of Ch. 3 so that it becomes applicable to the modelling of evolutionary processes in socio‐economic environments. It introduces the central notion of payoff ... More


Rationalism: Between Relativism and Religion

Carlo Invernizzi Accetti

in Relativism and Religion: Why Democratic Societies Do Not Need Moral Absolutes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170789
eISBN:
9780231540377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170789.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter critically discusses what is likely to be the dominant response to the religious discourse of anti-relativism within the field of contemporary political theory, focusing in particular on ... More


The Realm of Reason

Christopher Peacocke

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270729
eISBN:
9780191600944
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270724.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In his The Realm of Reason, the author proposes a theory that states the conditions under which a thinker can be said to be entitled to form a given belief. The author's ‘Generalised Rationalism’ is ... More


Morality and Politics

Anthony O'Hear

in Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250043
eISBN:
9780191598111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250045.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In morality, self‐consciousness and evolution can pull in different ways. While, as Humphrey has shown, evolution can explain the existence of self‐consciousness and empathy and socio‐biologists have ... More


Philosophy and Pedagogy

A. A. Long

in Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245567
eISBN:
9780191597923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245568.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Epictetus’ philosophy combines rationality, empiricism, and eudaimonism. He refutes scepticism by arguing that this stance involves self‐refutation. He requires his students to recognise that ... More


Better Now Than Later: The Paradox of 1914 as Everyone’s Favored Year for War

Jack Snyder

in The Next Great War?: The Roots of World War I and the Risk of U.S.-China Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028998
eISBN:
9780262326773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028998.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Logically it cannot have been true that each Power benefited from fighting in 1914. Yet, each reached this conclusion in August of that year. Germany and Austria saw the rise of Russian power as ... More


Rationality and the Reflective Mind

Keith Stanovich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341140
eISBN:
9780199894307
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341140.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This book attempts to resolve the Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science—the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition. It shows how the insights of dual-process theory ... More


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