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Liberty and Conscience: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War

Peter Brock (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151220
eISBN:
9780199870424
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151224.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

While conscientious objection in the twentieth century has been well documented, there has been surprisingly little study of its long history in America's early conflicts, defined as these have been ... More


 Baptism

Crawford Gribben

in God's Irishmen: Theological Debates in Cromwellian Ireland

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195325317
eISBN:
9780199785605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325317.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter documents Irish Cromwellian debates about baptism. Those on the radical left of Puritanism, such as Quakers and Seekers, argued that baptism was redundant in the age of the Spirit. ... More


The Quakers in English Society, 1655-1725

Adrian Davies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208204
eISBN:
9780191677953
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208204.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

The early Quakers denounced the clergy and social élite but how did that affect Friends' relationships with others? Drawing upon the insights of sociologists and ... More


Introduction

Paula McDowell

in The Women of Grub Street: Press, Politics, and Gender in the London Literary Marketplace 1678-1730

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198183952
eISBN:
9780191674143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183952.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, 18th-century Literature

Part II examines the largest category of writings in this period, religious and religio-political works. Underscoring the centrality of religious debates to the literary marketplace and the growth of ... More


Oral Religio-Political Activism and Textual Production

Paula McDowell

in The Women of Grub Street: Press, Politics, and Gender in the London Literary Marketplace 1678-1730

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198183952
eISBN:
9780191674143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183952.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, 18th-century Literature

Chapter 3 examines the textual and oral activism of four women of the middling and lower ranks who wrote and spoke from different religio-political viewpoints: Anglican printer-author Elinor James, ... More


Metaphors of Being and Modes of Empowerment

Paula McDowell

in The Women of Grub Street: Press, Politics, and Gender in the London Literary Marketplace 1678-1730

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198183952
eISBN:
9780191674143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183952.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, 18th-century Literature

While Chapter 3 considers material circumstances, Chapter 4 considers psychological or ideological ones, asking what worldviews and notions of the self in society enabled four women of the middling ... More


The Protestant Ethic

Lawrence A. Scaff

in Max Weber in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147796
eISBN:
9781400836710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147796.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter examines the significance of Max Weber's time in Pennsylvania, and particularly his experience of the Fifth Day Quaker service, to his thesis about the Protestant ethic. It first ... More


Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Geoffrey Cantor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This study examines how two religious minorities — the Quaker and Anglo-Jewish communities — engaged with the sciences. It argues that for both Quakers and Jews, science offered educational and ... More


‘A Hindu of Hindus’

B. R. Nanda

in Gandhi and his Critics

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195633634
eISBN:
9780199081332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195633634.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History

Mahatma Gandhi’s critics sneered at his ‘saintliness’ and his pursuit of ‘personal holiness, at the expense of public good’. They labelled him ‘a Hindu of Hindus’ and dismissed his religious ideas as ... More


“The Rectification of the Heart”: Around the Periphery of War

Meredith Baldwin Weddle

in Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131383
eISBN:
9780199834839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513138X.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Beyond soldiering, individual Quakers faced other issues relevant to the peace testimony, such as self‐defense and offering sanctuary to others. To seek protection in a garrison house, for example, ... More


Quaker Attitudes and Practices

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The early Quakers often saw their scientific endeavours pitted against those of the Anglican establishment. However, the doctrine of the ‘Inner Light’ also emphasised the importance of appreciating ... More


Quaker Responses to Evolution

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines a variety of answers to the question: How did Quakers respond to Darwin’s theory of evolution? When Quakers were writing for fellow Quakers, the older evangelicals tended to be ... More


Colonial America

Peter Brock (ed.)

in Liberty and Conscience: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151220
eISBN:
9780199870424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151224.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Ten documents are presented, with an introductory text, illustrating the treatment of conscientious objectors in colonial America from 1658 (when the first cases of penalization of Quakers were ... More


English West Indies

Peter Brock (ed.)

in Liberty and Conscience: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151220
eISBN:
9780199870424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151224.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Three documents are presented, with an introductory text, illustrating the treatment of Quakers as conscientious objectors in the West Indies (under English rule) in the second half of the ... More


Revolutionary America

Peter Brock (ed.)

in Liberty and Conscience: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151220
eISBN:
9780199870424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151224.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Seven documents are presented, with an introductory text, illustrating the treatment of conscientious objectors in America after the outbreak of the War of the Revolution in 1775. Various peace sects ... More


Upper Canada

Peter Brock (ed.)

in Liberty and Conscience: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151220
eISBN:
9780199870424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151224.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Four documents are presented, with an introductory text, illustrating the treatment of conscientious objectors in the British province of Upper Canada [the Canadian province of 1791‐1841 ... More


The New Republic to Antebellum America

Peter Brock (ed.)

in Liberty and Conscience: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151220
eISBN:
9780199870424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151224.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Eleven documents are presented, with an introductory text, illustrating the treatment of conscientious objectors in America in the period between the War of the Revolution (which started in 1775) and ... More


Civil War America

Peter Brock (ed.)

in Liberty and Conscience: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151220
eISBN:
9780199870424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151224.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Thirteen documents are presented, with an introductory text, illustrating the experiences of conscientious objectors in America in the Civil War. This war presented many pacifists, especially in the ... More


Epics of Ambivalence: Nonviolent Power in Harriet Beecher Stowe's Antislavery Novels

Dan McKanan

in Identifying the Image of God: Radical Christians and Nonviolent Power in the Antebellum United States

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145328
eISBN:
9780199834471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145321.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The novels of Harriet Beecher Stowe both epitomized and compromised the tradition of radical Christian liberalism. This chapter explores Stowe's ambivalent relationship to earlier reformers and ... More


Historical Comparisons and Historiographical Reflections

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The scientific practices and attitudes to science of the Quaker and Jewish communities are compared and contrasted. Quakers tended to be more involved in science — especially the observational ... More


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