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Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume

Stephen Buckle

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240945
eISBN:
9780191680304
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240945.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this book, the author provides a historical perspective on the political philosophies of Locke and Hume, arguing that there are continuities in the development of 17th- and 18th-century political ... More


Natural Law and Toleration in the Early Enlightenment

Jon Parkin and Timothy Stanton (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265406
eISBN:
9780191760457
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265406.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book examines the relationship between natural law and toleration during the Early Enlightenment. Modern discussion of tolerationist theories during this period can suggest that such ideas were ... More


Religious Commitment and Secular Reason: Pufendorf on the Separation between Religion and Politics

Simone Zurbuchen

in Natural Law and Toleration in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265406
eISBN:
9780191760457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265406.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter suggests that a nuanced account of early Enlightenment natural law theory may have something to offer modern debates that swing between a liberal emphasis on individual rights and a ... More


Samuel Pufendorf and Religious Intolerance in the Early Enlightenment

Thomas Ahnert

in Natural Law and Toleration in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265406
eISBN:
9780191760457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265406.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the German jurist and philosopher Samuel Pufendorf as a theorist of religious intolerance. Usually, Pufendorf is associated with the defence of some degree of religious ... More


Toleration as Impartiality? Civil and Ecclesiastical Toleration in Jean Barbeyrac

Petter Korkman

in Natural Law and Toleration in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265406
eISBN:
9780191760457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265406.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Jean Barbeyrac is a seminal figure in the history of natural law doctrine and one who, as a Huguenot refugee, had much to say on the topic of toleration. For Barbeyrac, natural law offered a secular ... More


Natural Law and Noachide Precepts: Grotius, Selden, Milton, and Barbeyrac

Jason P. Rosenblatt

in Renaissance England's Chief Rabbi: John Selden

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286133
eISBN:
9780191713859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286133.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter examines Grotius’s important influence on Selden as well as their mutual influence on Milton. No history of early modern religious toleration is complete without reference to Grotius’s ... More


The Birth of Public Law

Martin Loughlin

in Foundations of Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199256853
eISBN:
9780191594267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256853.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Public law emerges as an autonomous field of knowledge in the period between the mid-16th and late 17th centuries. This was a critical period of intense religious conflict in which the character of ... More


Some Principles of Political Economy: Pufendorf, Hutcheson, and Adam Smith  

Andrew Stewart Skinner

in A System of Social Science: Papers Relating to Adam Smith

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233343
eISBN:
9780191678974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233343.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Francis Hutcheson, Adam Smith, and David Hume should be of continuing interest to the student of political economy, not least because they did not see themselves as economists so much as philosophers ... More


The Misfortunes of Virtue *

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The topic of virtue was not neglected in modern moral philosophy, as some commentators think. But modern philosophers understood virtue in an un-Aristotelian manner, as the habit of obeying the law — ... More


Voluntarism and the Foundations of Ethics *

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Divine command theory, or voluntarism, in ethics occupied a major place in early modern debates in moral philosophy. Propounded by the outrageous Hobbes and by Pufendorf's widely admired works on ... More


Why Study Kant's Groundwork?

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Written for those beginning the study of Kant's ethics, this chapter briefly explains Kant's importance in moral philosophy. His originality is brought out by comparisons with Aquinas, Luther, ... More


Kantian Unsocial Sociability: Good Out of Evil

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Commenting on the Fourth Proposition in Kant's ‘Idea for a Universal History’, this chapter discusses earlier ideas of sociability to bring out the originality of Kant's notion of ‘unsocial ... More


Natural Law

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Pufendorf is now largely ignored by moral philosophers but his influence on the subject was enormous. He took up the Grotian problem of reshaping morality for a Europe deeply divided by religious ... More


Colonialism and Natural Law

Barbara Arneil

in John Locke and America: The Defence of English Colonialism

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279679
eISBN:
9780191684296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279679.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

John Locke's state of nature, and more particularly his natural man, while derived empirically from the accounts of travellers to the Americas, were created within the tradition of natural law. ... More


Reason and Obligation in Suárez

Thomas Pink

in The Philosophy of Francisco Suárez

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199583645
eISBN:
9780191738456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583645.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In this essay it is argued that Suárez fundamentally altered the traditional conception of obligation and laid the groundwork for the modern one. According to Suárez the obligatoriness of the moral ... More


Metaphysical alternatives: conceptions of identity, morality, and the afterlife

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with an examination of those seventeenth-century contributions prior to Locke that cannot be classed as either scholastic or Cartesian, such as those by Spinoza and the Cambridge ... More


Locke on personal identity: consciousness, memory, and self-concern

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter turns to Locke's account of personal identity itself, taking up the discussion of the fundamental notions that are relevant in this account from the previous chapter. Contrary to what ... More


Reconstruction and Resurgence, 1648–1705: the Reich Under Ferdinand III And Leopold I

Joachim Whaley

in Germany and the Holy Roman Empire: Volume II: The Peace of Westphalia to the Dissolution of the Reich, 1648-1806

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693078
eISBN:
9780191732256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693078.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Against the traditional view that the Reich declined after the Peace of Westphalia, this section argues that Ferdinand III and Leopold I forged a viable synthesis of German monarchy and German ... More


Rousseau’s Pufendorf: Natural Law and the Foundations of Commercial Society

Robert Wokler and Christopher Brooke

Bryan Garsten (ed.)

in Rousseau, the Age of Enlightenment, and Their Legacies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147888
eISBN:
9781400842407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147888.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter analyzes Rousseau's conception of the political dimension of liberty in the light of a particular debate which has formed the most important contribution to the study of Rousseau's ... More


Samuel Pufendorf

Richard Tuck

in The Rights of War and Peace: Political Thought and the International Order from Grotius to Kant

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199248148
eISBN:
9780191697715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248148.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter suggests that Samuel Pufendorf is the real anomaly in the modern natural rights tradition, for he is the only writer generally associated with the tradition who asserts anything like a ... More


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