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Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195325461
eISBN:
9780199869275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325461.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Pollution kills hundreds of thousands of people annually. This book shows why this environmental epidemic continues. Campaign contributors, lobbyists, and special interests often control information ... More


Generating a National Debate about Federal Health Policy, 1935–1939

Robyn Muncy

in Relentless Reformer: Josephine Roche and Progressivism in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691122731
eISBN:
9781400852413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691122731.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter details events in Josephine Roche's life from 1935 to 1939. Despite her many other roles, Roche's primary obligation in the New Deal government was oversight of health policy. She ... More


Improving Canada’s response to public health challenges: the creation of a new public health agency

Sylvie Stachenko, Barbara Legowski, and Robert Geneau

in Global Public Health: A New Era

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199236626
eISBN:
9780191724053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236626.003.006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter highlights the historical context and current challenges of public health in Canada. It describes recent key institutional developments involving the new Public Health Agency of Canada ... More


Four Changes for specialists I: Setting up a multidisciplinary public health senior appointments process

Jenny Wright, Fiona Sim, and Katie Ferguson

in Multidisciplinary public health: Understanding the development of the modern workforce

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447300335
eISBN:
9781447311690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300335.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter sets out the changes following New Labour government policy to create non-medical specialists in public health with equivalent status to consultants in public health including ... More


Health inequalities in England’s changing public health system

David J. Hunter and Linda Marks

in Health Inequalities: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198703358
eISBN:
9780191772603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703358.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter assesses the relationship between different ways of understanding a ‘public health system’ and action on health inequalities. After briefly reviewing the historical evolution of the UK’s ... More


Health impact assessment in the USA

Andrew Dannenberg and Aaron Wernham

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the development of health impact assessment (HIA) in the USA. The use of HIA in the USA began in approximately 1999. Early HIAs by the San Francisco Department of Public Health ... More


Nursing the Nation: The 1930s Public Health Nurse as Image and Icon

Shawn Michelle Smith

in Imagining Illness: Public Health and Visual Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816648221
eISBN:
9781452945958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816648221.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explores visual representations of public health nurses who belonged to the National Organization for Public Health Nursing (NOPHN) in the 1930s, with particular emphasis on how the work ... More


The Public Health Act of 1848: Whippingham, West Cowes

John Prest

in Liberty and Locality: Parliament, Permissive Legislation, and Ratepayers' Democracies in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201755
eISBN:
9780191675003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201755.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the implementation of the Public Health Act of 1848 in Whippingham and West Cowes in the Isle of Wight. Ranger, an inspector sent by the General Board, recommended that the ... More


The First Surgeon General’s Report on Tobacco: Science and the State in the New Age of Chronic Disease

Allan M. Brandt

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.21
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The Surgeon General's Report of 1964 marks a watershed in the history of public health. Following its publication, both the science and the practice of public health were visibly transformed. This ... More


Three the multidisciplinary public health movement of the 1990s

Jenny Wright, Fiona Sim, and Katie Ferguson

in Multidisciplinary public health: Understanding the development of the modern workforce

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447300335
eISBN:
9781447311690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300335.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter charts the start of the quest for recognition of public health practitioners from backgrounds other than medicine. It sets out national processes leading to the establishment of the ... More


Where we are now? The new public health system in England from April 2013

Jenny Wright, Fiona Sim, and Katie Ferguson

in Multidisciplinary public health: Understanding the development of the modern workforce

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447300335
eISBN:
9781447311690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300335.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the complex new public health system in place in England from April 2013, the rationale behind it, interrelationships between different sectors and tiers. It outlines the ... More


The Public Health Act of 1848 and The Local Government Act of 1858: Ryde

John Prest

in Liberty and Locality: Parliament, Permissive Legislation, and Ratepayers' Democracies in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201755
eISBN:
9780191675003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201755.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the adoption of the Public Health Act of 1848 and the Local Government Act of 1858 in Ryde. In 1847, when parliament was getting to grips with the problem of town improvement ... More


1848–1858: Radicals, Palmerstonians, and Protectionists

John Prest

in Liberty and Locality: Parliament, Permissive Legislation, and Ratepayers' Democracies in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201755
eISBN:
9780191675003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201755.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the passage of the Local Government Act of 1858, which abolished the General Board of Health. The drafting of a Bill to amend the Public Health Act of 1848 in such a way as to ... More


The focus on practitioners and the wider workforce

Jenny Wright, Fiona Sim, and Katie Ferguson

in Multidisciplinary public health: Understanding the development of the modern workforce

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447300335
eISBN:
9781447311690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300335.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter widens the history from consideration of specialists to outline key changes from 2005 for public health practitioners from all backgrounds, as well as the attention given to others in ... More


1846–1848: Morpeth and Chadwick

John Prest

in Liberty and Locality: Parliament, Permissive Legislation, and Ratepayers' Democracies in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201755
eISBN:
9780191675003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201755.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on how the Whig and Peelite governments addressed the problems of town improvement and public health between 1834 and 1846. Chadwick convinced the Select Committees that in the ... More


Origins of a National Public Health System

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the historical development of a national public health system. Under the 1848 Public Health Act, Edwin Chadwick succeeded in setting up under his own direction the first ... More


Public Health and the Greater Good

Gerard N. Burrow

in A History of Yale's School of Medicine: Passing Torches to Others

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092073
eISBN:
9780300132885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092073.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter describes how the establishment of Yale's Department of Public Health resulted from the creation of the Anna R. Lauder Chair of Public Health with a gift of $500,000 from the Lauder ... More


The Public Health Act of 1848 and the Local Government Act of 1858: The Importance of Being Moldgreen

John Prest

in Liberty and Locality: Parliament, Permissive Legislation, and Ratepayers' Democracies in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201755
eISBN:
9780191675003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201755.003.0017
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the adoption of the Public Health Act of 1848 and the Local Government Act of 1858 in Moldgreen. Moldgreen is a suburb of Huddersfield and lay mainly in the township of Dalton. ... More


From outdoor relief to home assistance

Donnacha Seán Lucey

in The End of the Irish Poor Law?: Welfare and healthcare reform in revolutionary and independent Ireland

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719087578
eISBN:
9781526104014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087578.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the reform of the poor law in the early years of the Irish Free State. It highlights that despite the closure of workhouses principles of deterrence still permeated official ... More


Recalibrating Enforcement in the Biomedical Industry: Deterrence and the Primacy of Protecting the Public Health

Patrick O’Leary

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The federal government's approach to enforcement in the biomedical industry—emphasizing massive fines and restrictive corporate integrity agreements—has proven ineffective as a deterrent to ... More


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