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 Science: Mathematics and Methodology

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter is divided into three sections dealing with pharmacology, optics, and music, and emphasizes the issues of methodology, especially how al-Kindī thinks mathematics is used in science. In ... More


Astrology: Arguments Pro and Contra

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Arguments for and against the main principles of astrology have a continuous history from the second century bc up to the time of Augustine. This chapter focuses on three stages of a complex debate, ... More


Historical background

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the history of the subject to the early twentieth century. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 2.1 discusses the history of visual science, covering the Greeks; the ... More


The Culmination of the Big Ship Phenomenon

William M. Murray

in The Age of Titans: The Rise and Fall of the Great Hellenistic Navies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388640
eISBN:
9780199932405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388640.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, World History: BCE to 500CE

The largest ships, like Lysimachus’s Leontophoros “eight,” or Ptolemy II’s “twenties” and “thirty,” were likely built as self-propelled siege platforms on which were stationed large pieces of siege ... More


A Baleful Birth in Babylon: The Significance of the Prodigy in the Liber de Morte—An Investigation of Genre

Elizabeth Baynham

in Alexander the Great in Fact and Fiction

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198152873
eISBN:
9780191715136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152873.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

One of the more intriguing documents in the extant corpus of ancient literature on Alexander the Great of Macedon and his death is Liber de Morte, a fictitious account of his last days and will, ... More


The giants

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Newton truly did stand on the shoulders of giants whose work prepared the way for modern science. For astronomy and gravity, these were Ptolemy, Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, and Kepler. Their individual ... More


The <i>Letter of Aristeas</i> between History and Myth

Tessa Rajak

in Translation and Survival: The Greek Bible of the Ancient Jewish Diaspora

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558674
eISBN:
9780191720895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558674.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter explores the tradition of the seventy two (later seventy) translators brought to Alexandria from Jerusalem along with texts of the Torah. Tradition had it that King Ptolemy II ... More


Rays, Waves, and Scattering: Topics in Classical Mathematical Physics

John A. Adam

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691148373
eISBN:
9781400885404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148373.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book presents many of the mathematical concepts, structures, and techniques used in the study of rays, waves, and scattering. It includes discussions of how ocean waves are refracted around ... More


Deditio in Fidem: The Ptolemaic Conquest of Asia Minor

Andrew Meadows

in Imperialism, Cultural Politics, and Polybius

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600755
eISBN:
9780191738791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600755.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter explores the nature of the acquisition of the overseas territories in Asia Minor by Ptolemy II Philadelphus. It takes as its focus one inscription (SEG 28.1224), which apparently ... More


Kings and Regime Change in the Roman Republic

Olivier Hekster

in Imperialism, Cultural Politics, and Polybius

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600755
eISBN:
9780191738791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600755.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter analyses the ways in which political circumstances in Republican Rome were exploited by foreign kings to strengthen their positions. It argues that kings consciously used the ... More


The Revenue Laws Papyrus: Greek Tradition and Hellenistic Adaptation

Jean Bingen

in Hellenistic Egypt: Monarchy, Society, Economy, Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748615780
eISBN:
9780748670727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615780.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The “Revenue Laws” of Ptolemy II Philadelphos are a cluster of 7-8 ordinances, collected in two related but separate papyrus rolls found in the late nineteenth century and usually treated as if they ... More


Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

C. J. Tuplin and T. E. Rihll (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Ancient Greece was the birthplace of science, which developed in the Hellenised culture of ancient Rome. This volume locates science within ancient Greek society and culture, explores the cultural ... More


The Dynastic Politics of Cleopatra Vii

Jean Bingen

in Hellenistic Egypt: Monarchy, Society, Economy, Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748615780
eISBN:
9780748670727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615780.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Picking up the themes of chapters 3 and 4, this chapter looks at Cleopatra not in terms of the Roman depiction of her but in the context of the (often murderous) dynastic politics of the Ptolemaic ... More


From the Rubicon to Pharsalus

Luciano Canfora and Julian Stringer (eds)

in Julius Caesar: The People's Dictator

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619368
eISBN:
9780748670734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619368.003.0021
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

In the light of the total defeat and flight of the enemy commanders, Caesar quickly resolved that his first priority must be to pursue Pompey. There has been much discussion of this decision, which ... More


Alexandria

Luciano Canfora and Julian Stringer (eds)

in Julius Caesar: The People's Dictator

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619368
eISBN:
9780748670734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619368.003.0023
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

When Caesar reached Alexandria on 2 October 48 bc, he certainly did not expect to be greeted by the embalmed head of Pompey, but even less did he expect to be bogged down for all of nine months in a ... More


Science and Explanation

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Hankinson discusses Ptolemy, whose geometrical model was the most sophisticated development in ancient astronomy, at the beginning of this chapter; but the main focus is on Galen's comprehensive ... More


Words for Sounds

Andrew Barker

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Acoustics in ancient Greece focuses on two main tasks. The first is the phenomenon of sound in general, which seeks to explain what sounds are, how they are caused, how they behave, and how they are ... More


Ptolemy’s Maps as an Introduction to Ancient Science

J. L. Berggren

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Historians of mathematics often forget that scientific artefacts other than texts have their stories to tell. Less remarked on is another use of ancient scientific artefacts, namely, their ... More


The Art of the Commander and the Emergence of Predictive Astronomy

Alan C. Bowen

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The one feature of Graeco-Latin astronomy that has been thought to qualify it as the paradigmatic science is its ability to predict where the heavenly bodies will be at any given time. Aristotle ... More


Instruments of Alexandrian Astronomy: The Uses of the Equinoctial Rings

L. Taub

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Until the early modern period, the writings of the 2nd-century Alexandrian Claudius Ptolemy were widely regarded as the standard works in astronomy. Just as his astronomical writings provided the ... More


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