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Does fMRI Have A Role in Personalized Health Care for Psychiatric Patients?

Alex Fornito and Edward T. Bullmore

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has rapidly emerged as an important tool for understanding the neural correlates of myriad cognitive and emotional processes. By offering a direct window ... More


Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Rocco J. Gennaro (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In Disturbed Consciousness, philosophers and other scholars examine various psychopathologies in light of specific philosophical theories of consciousness. The contributing authors—some of them ... More


Madness and marginality: The lives of Kenya's White insane

Will Jackson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719088896
eISBN:
9781781705827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088896.001.0001
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

Kenya Colony, for the British at least, has customarily been imagined as a place of wealthy settler-farmers, sun-lit panoramas and the adventure of safari. Yet for the majority of Europeans who went ... More


Psychopathologies and Theories of Consciousness: An Overview

Rocco J. Gennaro

in Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the first and introductory chapter to the volume entitled Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness. Rocco J. Gennaro presents an overview of ... More


Madhouse: Psychiatry and Politics in Cuban History

Jennifer L. Lambe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469631028
eISBN:
9781469631042
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631028.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

On the outskirts of Havana lies Mazorra, an asylum known to—and at times feared by—ordinary Cubans for over a century. Since its founding in 1857, the island’s first psychiatric hospital has been an ... More


Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Ernst Waltraud (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This edited book offers a systematic critical appraisal of the uses of work and work therapy in psychiatric institutions across the globe, from the late eighteenth to the end of the twentieth ... More


Therapeutic work and mental illness in America, c. 1830–1970

Ben Harris

in Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows the key role played by patient labour in the birth, development, and decline of the hospital treatment of the mentally ill in the United States. Patient labour was present at the ... More


Travails of madness: New Jersey, 1800–70

James Moran

in Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Focusing on the evidence provided by civil trials in lunacy in the American state of New Jersey, this chapter first examines how work was considered in its relationship to madness in everyday life ... More


Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Dominic A. Sisti, Arthur L. Caplan, and Hila Rimon-Greenspan (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This book discusses some of the most critical ethical issues in mental health care today, including the moral dimensions of addiction, patient autonomy and compulsory treatment, privacy and ... More


The Shift to Mechanistic Explanation and Classification

Kelso Cratsley

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Despite widespread recognition that psychiatry would be better served by a classificatory system based on etiology rather than mere description, it goes without saying that much of the necessary work ... More


Introduction: Entering a Landscape of Mindfulness

J. L. Cassaniti

in Remembering the Present: Mindfulness in Buddhist Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501707995
eISBN:
9781501714177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501707995.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter introduces the landscape of mindfulness practices in the regions of South and Southeast Asia, where people overwhelmingly follow the kind of Theravāda Buddhism from which the modern ... More


Degeneration, decadence and disease in the Russian fin de siècle: Neurasthenia in the life and work of Leonid Andreev

Frederick H. White

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719091643
eISBN:
9781781707449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091643.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

By the first decade of the twentieth century, Russia was experiencing a decadent period of cultural degeneration. Simultaneous with this artistic response, science was developing ways to identify ... More


Cultural Psychology and the Globalization of Western Psychiatric Practices

Randall Horton

in Universalism without Uniformity: Explorations in Mind and Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226501543
eISBN:
9780226501710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501710.003.0014
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This paper examines key institutional and economic forces driving the rapid extension of the use of Western models of diagnosing and treating mental illness into all corners of the developing world. ... More


Below the Bar: The U.S. Army and Limited Service Manpower

Sanders Marble

in Scraping the Barrel: The Military Use of Substandard Manpower, 1860–1960

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823239771
eISBN:
9780823239818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239771.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

During World War I, the US had to quickly mobilize an army. Rather than demanding full physical fitness, it started accepting men with job skills, and tacitly accepted that the army was an industrial ... More


Contested Boundaries: Psychiatry, Disease, and Diagnosis

Charles E. Rosenberg

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Since the 19th century, we have come to think of disease in terms of specific entities--entities defined and legitimated in terms of characteristic somatic mechanisms. Since the last third of that ... More


Moot Questions in Psychiatric Ethics

Ralph B. Little and Edward A. Strecker

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This paper presents an early example of empirical applied ethics in which the authors survey psychiatrists about their views on an array of array of common ethical issues.


The Ethics of Psychotherapy

Toksoz B. Karasu

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The author addresses the ethics of psychotherapy in terms of the interface between science and ethics, the goals of treatment, the therapeutic relationship, and special issues of confidentiality and ... More


Character Virtues in Psychiatric Practice

Jennifer Radden and John Z. Sadler

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this discussion by a clinician and a philosopher, clinical scenarios using exchanges and inner monologue illustrate key aspects of virtues. Virtues are acquired through habituation; they are ... More


Psychiatric Advance Directives and the Treatment of Committed Patients

Paul S. Appelbaum

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Advance directives have been one of the more promising innovations in recent years to give patients a greater voice in their psychiatric treatment. The author describes the clinical-legal ... More


Denying Autonomy in Order to Create It: The Paradox of Forcing Treatment upon Addicts

Arthur L. Caplan

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

American bioethics affords extraordinary respect to the values of personal autonomy and patient self-determination. Many would argue that the most significant achievement deriving from bioethics in ... More


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