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Late Variations on a Famous Theme, 1914–1938 1

P. J. Cain

in Hobson and Imperialism: Radicalism, New Liberalism, and Finance 1887-1938

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198203902
eISBN:
9780191719141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203902.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter shows the complex ways in which Hobson's views on imperialism were influenced by his encounter of the First World War and the beginning of the next. During the First World War, his views ... More


Derby's First Premiership: 1852

Angus Hawkins

in The Forgotten Prime Minister: The 14th Earl of Derby

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204410
eISBN:
9780191695575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204410.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter discusses the first premiership of Lord Derby in 1852. Derby became prime minister of Great Britain in February 1852, just five weeks short of his 53rd birthday. This was the political ... More


The Gatt: The First Piece of Paper

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the establishment of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1947 and its impact on Hong Kong. The chapter explains how, under the GATT framework, Hong Kong ... More


The Certificate of Origin: The Second Piece of Paper

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter explains the origins and uses of the certificate of origin, used in international trade for goods not entitled to the benefits of a free trade area or customs union. A complex system of ... More


Commonwealth Preference: The Third Piece of Paper

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Commonwealth preference was a system of trade co-operation giving varying degrees of preference to products from members of the British Commonwealth. As a British colony, Hong Kong was eligible for ... More


The Comprehensive Certificate of Origin: The Fourth Piece of Paper

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

In 1950 the USA introduced the Foreign Assets Control Regulations, which effectively stopped all imports into the USA using Chinese raw materials. Hong Kong’s industry was hit hard by this, and a ... More


The Arrangement that Lived Up to Its Name

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter describes some of the international trade negotiations in which the author participated, particularly in Europe and the USA. It explains how increasingly the USA sought to impose ... More


The Multi-Fibre Arrangement: The Fifth Piece of Paper

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines Hong Kong’s participation in the Multi-Fibre Arrangement, a system under the auspices of the GATT originating in the early 1970s. Originally intended to be merely temporary, the ... More


Making It Work

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Hong Kong enjoyed its greatest success with the implementation of the restraint agreements described in preceding chapters, and by maximising the opportunities within them. This chapter examines how ... More


Quota Transfers

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the practice of distributing, and redistributing quotas for exports and manufactures in Hong Kong under the trade restraints. The chapter addresses criticisms of the system, in ... More


Renewing the MFA, Again and Again

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines repeated renewals and extensions of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement – a system that was originally intended to be only temporary. The author describes his experiences as Hong Kong’s ... More


David and the Two Goliaths

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter describes trade negotiations between Hong Kong and the USA and the then European Economic Community (EEC). It contrasts the generally relaxed and flexible style of US negotiators with ... More


The Four Faces of Hong Kong

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter explores the difficulty of Hong Kong’s position under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in relying on the UK to voice its interests during negotiations when the UK’s own trade ... More


Beyond the World of Textiles

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines more generally Hong Kong’s trading relations with western countries in the 1960s, ‘70s and ‘80s in the light of its status as a developing economy. It also addresses the ... More


Getting Past Protectionism: Is It Time to Take off the Training Wheels?

Greg Koski

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0028
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The current protectionist paradigm for ethical review of human subjects research is based on an implicit assumption that scientists, left on their own, are either unable or unwilling to fulfil their ... More


Protectionism and procrastination: the era of inertia in corporate affairs

Joe McGrath

in Corporate and white-collar crime in Ireland: A new architecture of regulatory enforcement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719090660
eISBN:
9781781708378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090660.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Chapter 2 shows that the failure to develop a jurisprudence incorporating corporate wrongdoing into the architecture of the criminal law is not surprising. It was a consequence of Ireland’s history ... More


The Political Economy of Protectionism

Arvid Lukauskas

in Handbook of Trade Policy for Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680405
eISBN:
9780191760266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Arvid Lukauskas explores the political underpinnings of protectionism and trade liberalization. Lukauskas argues that political factors fundamentally influence commercial policy design and ... More


Richardson and Malthus

Allan Blackstock

in Science, politics and society in early nineteenth-century Ireland: The Reverend William Richardson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719085185
eISBN:
9781781705001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085185.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

William Richardson was the only Irishmen to refute Thomas Malthus's ideas in his famous Essay on the Principles of Population. This chapter explores Richardson's foray into political economy. ... More


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