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Freedom of the Screen: Legal Challenges to State Film Censorship, 1915-1981

Laura Wittern-Keller

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124513
eISBN:
9780813134901
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124513.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The proliferation of movies at the turn of the twentieth century attracted not only the attention of audiences across America, but also the apprehensive eyes of government officials and special ... More


The Past as Prologue

Richard Barrios

in A Song in the Dark: The Birth of the Musical Film

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377347
eISBN:
9780199864577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377347.003.0018
Subject:
Music, Popular

With 1934 and the newly enforced Motion Picture Production Code, the musical left behind its older, more haphazard identity for a streamlined, often trivial future. Films such as Wonder Bar and ... More


A Song in the Dark: The Birth of the Musical Film

Richard Barrios

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377347
eISBN:
9780199864577
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377347.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Popular

This book chronicles the birth and early years of an art form — the musical film. When sound came to film in the 1920s, musicals led the way as the testing ground upon which sound film proved itself ... More


Movie Consulting—Protestant Style

William D. Romanowski

in Reforming Hollywood: How American Protestants Fought for Freedom at the Movies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387841
eISBN:
9780199950188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387841.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Events in the late 1950s that led the National Council of Churches to seek a new role for the church role in Hollywood are the concern of this chapter. To engage the media industries, a new ... More


Protestants and Hollywood at the Crossroads

William D. Romanowski

in Reforming Hollywood: How American Protestants Fought for Freedom at the Movies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387841
eISBN:
9780199950188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387841.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter shows that in the early 1930s Protestant leaders sought a national policy that was not aimed at curbing artistic expression, but at opening the market for movies of high moral and ... More


And the Winner Is: The Protestant Film Awards

William D. Romanowski

in Reforming Hollywood: How American Protestants Fought for Freedom at the Movies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387841
eISBN:
9780199950188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387841.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The focus of this chapter is twofold. First, to change industry perceptions, the Broadcasting and Film Commission launched a high-profile film awards program that would become the public face of the ... More


“The Edge of Unacceptability”: Preston Sturges and the PCA

Matthew H. Bernstein

in Refocus: the Films of Preston Sturges

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781474406550
eISBN:
9781474416146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474406550.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter poses one of the most fascinating questions about Sturges’s career: how did he manage to insert so much sexual innuendo in his comedies of the 1940s, given the notorious vigilance of ... More


Better Left Unsaid: Victorian Novels, Hays Code Films, and the Benefits of Censorship

Nora Gilbert

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784207
eISBN:
9780804784870
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784207.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This book is in the unseemly position of defending censorship from the central allegations that are traditionally leveled against it. Taking two genres generally presumed to have been stymied by the ... More


Spoiled Spinster

Brent Phillips

in Charles Walters: The Director Who Made Hollywood Dance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813147215
eISBN:
9780813151502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813147215.003.0024
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

In this chapter, Walters’ tries his hand at directing a physiological drama, Two Loves (1961) starring Shirley MacLaine. On-going concern from studio chief Sol C. Siegel eliminates a sexually-charged ... More


Blackface and Wigs: Men Take over Stunts

Mollie Gregory

in Stuntwomen: The Untold Hollywood Story

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166223
eISBN:
9780813166759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166223.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Movies projected women’s “proper place”: they did not come to anyone’s rescue; they were wives and mothers. Stuntwomen’s work decreased. Labor unions and guilds were formed—the Screen Actors Guild, ... More


A Movie Problem

John Sbardellati

in J. Edgar Hoover Goes to the Movies: The FBI and the Origins of Hollywood's Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450082
eISBN:
9780801464218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450082.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the “movie problem” during the 1920s and 1930s, when political battles for control of the screen focused first on issues of labor and class, and then, as fascism threatened ... More


Quiet Americans: The CIA and Hollywood in the Early Cold War

Simon Willmetts

in In Secrecy's Shadow: The OSS and CIA in Hollywood Cinema 1941-1979

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748692996
eISBN:
9781474421935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692996.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The CIA was established in 1947, but it did not appear in a Hollywood film until Alfred Hitchcock’s North by Northwest in 1959. Why? This chapter explains Hollywood’s long silence on American foreign ... More


Art and Freedom in the Era of “The Church of Your Choice”

Una M. Cadegan

in All Good Books Are Catholic Books: Print Culture, Censorship, and Modernity in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451126
eISBN:
9780801468988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451126.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines efforts by Catholics to influence the content of American popular culture, such as motion pictures and all-fiction “pulp” magazines. It first discusses the perceptions of ... More


The Autumn of the Patriarchs

Barry Langford

in Post-Classical Hollywood: Film Industry, Style and Ideology since 1945

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748638574
eISBN:
9780748671076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638574.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The Hollywood film industry at the end of World War II was very lightly regulated. Yet a variety of forms of regulation played a vital role in sustaining the intricate and profitable mechanisms of ... More


Crime Films during the Period of the Production Code Administration

Todd Berliner

in Hollywood Aesthetic: Pleasure in American Cinema

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190658748
eISBN:
9780190658786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190658748.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, Criticism/Theory

Chapter 8 demonstrates the ways in which ideological constraints in studio-era Hollywood shaped the aesthetic properties of an entire body of crime films, now commonly known as film noir. The ... More


Cukor Maudit: , , , , , , , , and

Bill Krohn

in George Cukor: Hollywood Master

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748693566
eISBN:
9781474416023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748693566.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter analyzes Cukor's films maudit. Two themes interweave in this chapter: that Cukor's strategy vis-à-vis the Production Code was already in place in the first film to be discussed, ... More


“A Dear Dame”

Brent Phillips

in Charles Walters: The Director Who Made Hollywood Dance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813147215
eISBN:
9780813151502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813147215.003.0015
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter explores homophobia in Hollywood, with some of Walters’ associates sharing their memories about the treatment of homosexuals in the movie industry in the 1950s. Walters begins ... More


Chapter Thirteen

Eve Golden

in John Gilbert: The Last of the Silent Film Stars

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813141626
eISBN:
9780813142579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813141626.003.0014
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Gilbert meets, woos and quickly married starlet Virginia Bruce. She co-stars with him in his best talkie, Downstairs, for which he supplied the story. Background on the pre-Code films of 1932, ... More


Bad Taste in Hollywood

A. T. McKenna

in Showman of the Screen: Joseph E. Levine and His Revolutions in Film Promotion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780813168715
eISBN:
9780813168814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168715.003.0008
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines Levine’s production of The Carpetbaggers, which he made as an independent producer at Paramount. The chapter explores how Levine capitalized on the loosening of censorship ... More


Hollywood Undermined

A. T. McKenna

in Showman of the Screen: Joseph E. Levine and His Revolutions in Film Promotion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780813168715
eISBN:
9780813168814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168715.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Many critics and commentators felt that America’s censorship bodies had been too lenient with The Carpetbaggers, and voices of protest led to a clampdown on what was deemed cinematic smut—notably ... More


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