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Pythagoras Revived: Mathematics and Philosophy in Late Antiquity

Dominic J. O'Meara

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198239130
eISBN:
9780191600937
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239130.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Pythagorean idea that number is the key to understanding reality inspired Neoplatonist philosophers in Late Antiquity to develop theories in physics and metaphysics based on mathematical models. ... More


 Metaphysics: Oneness and Being

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter deals with al-Kindī’s metaphysics, which in this context means theology and the idea that being is an emanation or creation from God. Depending on the Neoplatonists, especially Proclus, ... More


 Eternity: Infinite Creator and Finite World

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter surveys the Greek background in Plato’s Timaeus, Aristotle’s Physics and De Caelo, and the dispute between late Greek thinkers, especially Proclus and Philoponus. Against this ... More


Physiology and the Non‐Cognitive Galen's Alternative Approach to Emotion

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The idea that the body's chemical blend is the soul is rejected by Plato, Aristotle, and Augustine, but held by Galen for the mortal soul. Among Aristotelians, Andronicus thinks soul is rather a ... More


Catharsis and the Classification Of Therapies

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, General

If Aristotle's catharsis gets rid of something by allowing it moderate exercise, by tragedy it will get rid of an excessive disposition to grief, as well as pity and fear; and in comedy of an ... More


Neo‐Platonism and the Church Fathers

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Neoplatonism, under Plotinus, Proclus, Porphyry, and Iamblicus, developed and modified ideas about preexistence. Church Fathers were divided on the question of preexistence, but many were its ... More


Introduction

Martin Laird

in Gregory of Nyssa and the Grasp of Faith: Union, Knowledge, and Divine Presence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199267996
eISBN:
9780191601576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267995.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Sketches early Christian initiatives to present faith as a privileged means of contact with God. Discusses the fourth-century religious climate of late Neoplatonism and suggests a much less hostile ... More


Ancient Theories of Iambos

Andrea Rotstein

in The Idea of Iambos

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199286270
eISBN:
9780191713330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286270.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter explores the various historical ‘ways of seeing’ the genre of iambos in ancient scholarship after Aristotle. It begins with an overview of the Hellenistic scholarship on iambos and the ... More


Self-motion and reflection:: Hermias and Proclus on the harmony of Plato and Aristotle on the soul

Stephen Menn

in Neoplatonism and the Philosophy of Nature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693719
eISBN:
9780191739019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693719.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The later Neoplatonists want to reconcile Aristotle and Plato on how far down immortality extends. They must therefore maintain that Aristotle’s poiêtikos nous is part of the soul, and that when ... More


Aristotelian objections and post-Aristotelian responses to Plato’s elemental theory

Ian Mueller

in Neoplatonism and the Philosophy of Nature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693719
eISBN:
9780191739019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693719.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Aristotle and Plato advanced very different theories of the traditional four elements. Whereas Plato in his Timaeus proposes a geometrical theory of these elements, Aristotle in his On the Heavens ... More


In defence of geometric atomism:: Explaining elemental properties

Jan Opsomer

in Neoplatonism and the Philosophy of Nature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693719
eISBN:
9780191739019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693719.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In the Timaeus, Plato claimed that the four material elements are reducible to geometric shapes; the so-called Platonic solids. This theory—also known as geometric atomism—was criticized in ... More


Plato’s geography: Damascius’ interpretation of the Phaedo myth

Carlos Steel

in Neoplatonism and the Philosophy of Nature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693719
eISBN:
9780191739019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693719.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter shows how Proclus and Damascius approached the myth of the Phaedo as a scientific text, with particular attention paid to their attempts to understand and support Plato’s remarks about ... More


The Greco-Christian background

J. P. Williams

in Denying Divinity: Apophasis in the Patristic Christian and Soto Zen Buddhist Traditions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269991
eISBN:
9780191683855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269991.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, World Religions

Both the Buddhist and Patristic traditions are characterized by an evolution from negation to apophasis proper. In the Christian case, apophasis first becomes explicit in Dionysius, and is thoroughly ... More


The Neoplatonists

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Although the syncretism of the preceding Platonic tradition is still evident in the Neoplatonism of Plotinus, Plotinus’ system of reality, Hankinson argues, is a strikingly original achievement. ... More


Proclus: Some Preliminary Issues

Dominic J. O'Meara

in Pythagoras Revived: Mathematics and Philosophy in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198239130
eISBN:
9780191600937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239130.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Some preliminary issues concerning Proclus are discussed: his rivalry with the mathematician Domninus; his views on the history of philosophy, with regard, in particular, to the relation between ... More


Proclus on Mathematics

Dominic J. O'Meara

in Pythagoras Revived: Mathematics and Philosophy in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198239130
eISBN:
9780191600937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239130.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Proclus's use, in his commentary on Euclid, of Iamblichus's work On Pythagoreanism book III is examined, as are his views on general mathematics, on the importance of geometry in relation to ... More


Minor Figures

John Dillon

in The Heirs of Plato: A Study of the Old Academy (347-274 BC)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237662
eISBN:
9780191597336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237669.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Dillon considers four minor figures of the Academy: Philippus of Opus, Hermodorus of Syracuse, Heraclides of Pontus, who were all students of Plato; and Crantor of Soli, a ... More


Quasi‐Genera and the Collapse of Substance and Attribute

A. C. Lloyd

in The Anatomy of Neoplatonism

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238065
eISBN:
9780191597916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238061.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The core of the third chapter is the study of the P‐series. This theory is presented after a detailed discussion of the relationship of individuals to species and genus. A P‐series is a sequence of ... More


Procession and Decline

A. C. Lloyd

in The Anatomy of Neoplatonism

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238065
eISBN:
9780191597916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238061.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Devoted to the key Neoplatonic concepts of procession and emanation. The two terms are taken to express the same idea, although procession is preferred as more neutral. Points out how procession can ... More


Mysticism and Metaphysics

A. C. Lloyd

in The Anatomy of Neoplatonism

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238065
eISBN:
9780191597916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238061.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In contrast with the different views of some recent scholars, Ch. 7 constitutes an important attempt to point out the importance played by non‐discursive thought in Plotinus and Proclus in several ... More


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