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Pythagoras Revived: Mathematics and Philosophy in Late Antiquity

Dominic J. O'Meara

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198239130
eISBN:
9780191600937
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239130.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Pythagorean idea that number is the key to understanding reality inspired Neoplatonist philosophers in Late Antiquity to develop theories in physics and metaphysics based on mathematical models. ... More


 Metaphysics: Oneness and Being

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter deals with al-Kindī’s metaphysics, which in this context means theology and the idea that being is an emanation or creation from God. Depending on the Neoplatonists, especially Proclus, ... More


 Eternity: Infinite Creator and Finite World

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter surveys the Greek background in Plato’s Timaeus, Aristotle’s Physics and De Caelo, and the dispute between late Greek thinkers, especially Proclus and Philoponus. Against this ... More


Physiology and the Non‐Cognitive Galen's Alternative Approach to Emotion

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The idea that the body's chemical blend is the soul is rejected by Plato, Aristotle, and Augustine, but held by Galen for the mortal soul. Among Aristotelians, Andronicus thinks soul is rather a ... More


Catharsis and the Classification Of Therapies

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, General

If Aristotle's catharsis gets rid of something by allowing it moderate exercise, by tragedy it will get rid of an excessive disposition to grief, as well as pity and fear; and in comedy of an ... More


Neo‐Platonism and the Church Fathers

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Neoplatonism, under Plotinus, Proclus, Porphyry, and Iamblicus, developed and modified ideas about preexistence. Church Fathers were divided on the question of preexistence, but many were its ... More


Introduction

Martin Laird

in Gregory of Nyssa and the Grasp of Faith: Union, Knowledge, and Divine Presence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199267996
eISBN:
9780191601576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267995.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Sketches early Christian initiatives to present faith as a privileged means of contact with God. Discusses the fourth-century religious climate of late Neoplatonism and suggests a much less hostile ... More


Ancient Theories of Iambos

Andrea Rotstein

in The Idea of Iambos

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199286270
eISBN:
9780191713330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286270.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter explores the various historical ‘ways of seeing’ the genre of iambos in ancient scholarship after Aristotle. It begins with an overview of the Hellenistic scholarship on iambos and the ... More


Self-motion and reflection:: Hermias and Proclus on the harmony of Plato and Aristotle on the soul

Stephen Menn

in Neoplatonism and the Philosophy of Nature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693719
eISBN:
9780191739019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693719.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The later Neoplatonists want to reconcile Aristotle and Plato on how far down immortality extends. They must therefore maintain that Aristotle’s poiêtikos nous is part of the soul, and that when ... More


Aristotelian objections and post-Aristotelian responses to Plato’s elemental theory

Ian Mueller

in Neoplatonism and the Philosophy of Nature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693719
eISBN:
9780191739019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693719.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Aristotle and Plato advanced very different theories of the traditional four elements. Whereas Plato in his Timaeus proposes a geometrical theory of these elements, Aristotle in his On the Heavens ... More


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