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Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


Pricing Decisions in the Euro Area: How Firms Set Prices and Why

Silvia Fabiani, Claire Suzanne Loupias, Fernando Manuel Monteiro Martins, and Roberto Sabbatini (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309287
eISBN:
9780199783939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309287.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Theoretical research undertaken over the last decades showed that the nature of nominal rigidities plays a key role in determining the effects of different shocks on the economy. This research has ... More


Natural Selection in the Abstract

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter studies the logic of evolution by natural selection and the origin of the levels of selection question. The abstract nature of the core Darwinian principles, and thus their potential ... More


Selection at Multiple Levels: Concepts and Methods

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter develops an abstract framework for thinking about selection acting at multiple hierarchical levels. The nature of hierarchical organization is analyzed, in particular the idea that ... More


Causality and Multi‐Level Selection

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter analyzes the causal dimension to multi-level selection theory. Particular attention is paid to the idea that direct selection at one hierarchical level may generate, as a side effect, a ... More


The Price Equation

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers a general description of natural selection: the Price equation. Developed by George Price in the late 1960s, the Price equation can be applied to the change of any quantity ... More


The Practical Turn: Pragmatism in Britain in the Long Twentieth Century

Cheryl Misak and Huw Price (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266168
eISBN:
9780191865237
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266168.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The pragmatist approach to philosophical problems focuses on the role of disputed notions—for example, truth, value, causation, probability, necessity—in our practices. The insight at the heart of ... More


The Use of Survey Data to Investigate Price Setting: Theory and the Research Design for the Euro Area

Stephen G. Cecchetti, Fernando Martins, Roberto Sabbatini, and Harald Stahl

in Pricing Decisions in the Euro Area: How Firms Set Prices and Why

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309287
eISBN:
9780199783939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309287.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter reviews the main theoretical aspects of firms' price setting behavior analyzed in the national studies surveyed in the book. It deals with the determinants of prices, the characteristics ... More


Price Reactions to Demand and Cost Shocks: Survey Evidence from Austrian Firms

Claudia Kwapil, Josef Baumgartner, and Johann Scharler

in Pricing Decisions in the Euro Area: How Firms Set Prices and Why

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309287
eISBN:
9780199783939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309287.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter investigates price rigidity after cost and demand shocks in Austria. We find that the average time lag between a shock and the price adjustment is four to six months. Furthermore, firms' ... More


How Portuguese Firms Set Their Prices: Evidence from Survey Data

Fernando Martins

in Pricing Decisions in the Euro Area: How Firms Set Prices and Why

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309287
eISBN:
9780199783939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309287.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In this chapter, price stickiness in Portugal is analyzed on the basis of qualitative data coming from a survey conducted by the Banco de Portugal. The main conclusions are the following. First, ... More


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