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Arvicoline Rodents from Porcupine Cave: Identification, Spatial Distribution, Taxonomic Assemblages, and Biochronologic Significance

Christopher J. Bell, Charles A. Repenning, and Anthony D. Barnosky

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The arvicolines are a taxonomically diverse assemblage of rodents that includes voles, lemmings, and muskrats and their extinct kin. This chapter presents a summary of the fossil arvicoline rodent ... More


Systematics and Faunal Dynamics of Fossil Squirrels from Porcupine Cave

H. Thomas Goodwin

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the fossil specimens of squirrels from Porcupine Cave, characterizing the taxonomic diversity and patterns of variation of the sciurid assemblage from various sites in ... More


Pleistocene (Irvingtonian) Artiodactyla from Porcupine Cave

Jim I. Mead and Louis H. Taylor

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter documents the Artiodactyla recovered from various localities within Porcupine Cave. It provides a listing of all specimens described, including the institution of curation and specimen ... More


The Historical Context of Porcupine Cave: American Indians, Spaniards, Government Surveyors, Prospectors, Ranchers, Cavers, and Paleontologists in South Park, Colorado

Geraldine J. Rasmussen, Kirk Branson, and John O. Mckelvy

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Porcupine Cave is located at the southern end of South Park, which encompasses a rich history. Among many who left their mark are the American Indians, Spaniards, trappers, government surveyors, ... More


The Carnivora from Porcupine Cave

Elaine Anderson

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter identifies carnivore specimens in Porcupine Cave. There were 22 species and 144 specimens of carnivores reported from nine areas in Porcupine Cave in 1996. Since then, Ursus americanus ... More


Synopsis of the Herpetofauna from Porcupine Cave

Christopher J. Bell, Jason J. Head, and Jim I. Mead

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the fossil herpetofauna of Porcupine Cave. It documents the presence and taxonomic diversity of amphibians (salamanders and anurans) and reptiles (lizards and snakes) that are ... More


Fossil Wood Rats of Porcupine Cave: Tectonic or Climatic Controls?

Charles A. Repenning

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the criteria used to identify fossil specimens of wood rats from Porcupine Cave. More than 2,500 specimens, mostly isolated teeth, of Neotoma were examined from there. Modern ... More


Faunal Dynamics of Small Mammals through the Pit Sequence

Anthony D. Barnosky

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Pit locality in the Porcupine Cave contains a stratified, circa-2-m-thick sequence of sediment that has yielded more than 7,200 identified fossils representing more than 1,500 individual animals. ... More


Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Anthony Barnosky (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book chronicles the discovery and analysis of animal fossils found in one of the most important paleontological sites in the world: Porcupine Cave, located at an elevation of 9,500 feet in the ... More


The Pleistocene Fossils of Porcupine Cave, Colorado: Spatial Distribution and Taphonomic Overview

Anthony D. Barnosky, Christopher J. Bell, Robert G. Raynolds, and Louis H. Taylor

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Porcupine Cave is the richest source of information on Irvingtonian-age vertebrates. Hundreds of thousands of vertebrate fossils have been recovered from Porcupine Cave, with thousands of ... More


Age and Correlation of Key Fossil Sites in Porcupine Cave

Anthony D. Barnosky and Christopher J. Bell

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter assesses how key deposits in the cave (Pit, DMNH Velvet Room excavation, CM Velvet Room excavation, Badger Room) relate temporally to each other, to some other localities in the cave, ... More


Middle Pleistocene (Irvingtonian) Ochotona (Lagomorpha: Ochotonidae) from Porcupine Cave

Jim I. Mead, Margarita Erbajeva, and Sandra L. Swift

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The lagomorph family Ochotonidae, represented today by a single living genus (Ochotona [pika]), originated in the middle Oligocene of Asia. The North American record of Ochotona is sparse until the ... More


The Geology and Speleogenesis of Porcupine Cave

Robert G. Raynolds

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the formation and evolution of Porcupine Cave. Although Cretaceous strata have since been entirely eroded from the vicinity of the cave, one can develop an estimate of what was ... More


The Early and Middle Pleistocene Avifauna from Porcupine Cave

Steven D. Emslie

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The avifauna fossils represent at least 45 taxa, and include species reported as fossils for the first time in North America (e.g., the curlew Numenius madagascariensis or Numenius arquata). This ... More


Effect of Climate Change on Terrestrial Vertebrate Biodiversity

Jeff Barnosky

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0026
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the effect of climate change on terrestrial vertebrate biodiversity. Climate change appeared to decrease population density, and by inference genetic diversity, to the point of ... More


Magnetostratigraphic Constraints on the Age of Pleistocene Fossiliferous Strata in Porcupine Cave’s DMNH Velvet Room Excavation

S.Julio Friedmann and Robert G. Raynolds

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Strata from the Velvet Room in Porcupine Cave contain an abundant and diverse vertebrate fossil record. This chapter attempts to improve the confidence of age assignments of the Velvet Room strata ... More


: A Summary of Fossilized Species in Porcupine Cave

Anthony D. Barnosky

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents a summary of fossilized species lists for each locality in Porcupine Cave, and provides estimates of number of identifiable specimens (NISP) and minimum numbers of individuals ... More


Climate Change, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Health: The Past as a Key to the Future

Anthony D. Barnosky

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Porcupine Cave has produced an astounding number of fossils. More than 20,000 identified specimens of fossil vertebrates were distributed over more than 200,000 years, spanning at least two ... More


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