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The Veterans and the Popular Front

Chris Millington

in From Victory to Vichy: Veterans in Interwar France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780719085505
eISBN:
9781781702680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085505.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the period of the Popular Front from June 1936 to November 1938. It concerns the veterans' reaction to the Popular Front at a critical turning point in interwar French politics. ... More


Planning for Unity: The Popular Front

Daniel Ritschel

in The Politics of Planning: The Debate on Economic Planning in Britain in the 1930s

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206477
eISBN:
9780191677151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206477.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

This chapter discusses the 1936 campaign for a ‘Popular’ or ‘People's Front’ which is paradoxically both the apotheosis and the end of the inter-war planning debate. It shows that, although motivated ... More


Popular Front and War

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear: From Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199653577
eISBN:
9780191744594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0012
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Ideas

In Russia, Stalinism attempted to build a society on the basis of proletarian civil society, but with the overbearing state gathering all reins of authority into its hands. Internationally, Communism ... More


Rise of the Stalinist Superiority Complex

Michael David-Fox

in Showcasing the Great Experiment: Cultural Diplomacy and Western Visitors to the Soviet Union, 1921–1941

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199794577
eISBN:
9780199932245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794577.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter traces Soviet cultural diplomacy through three radically divergent periods: the mid-1930s height of the Popular Front, the Great Terror and show trials from 1936–38, and the Nazi-Soviet ... More


The Popular Front

Fridrikh I. Firsov, Harvey Klehr, and John Earl Haynes

in Secret Cables of the Comintern, 1933-1943

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300198225
eISBN:
9780300209600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198225.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

When the Comintern sent a letter to several national parties emphasizing the need for unity with the Socialists, the French Communist Party (Parti Communiste Français [PCF]) started negotiations with ... More


Work and Sing: Children's Literature and the Cultural Front, 1935–1945

Julia L. Mickenberg

in Learning from the Left: Children's Literature, the Cold War, and Radical Politics in the United States

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195152807
eISBN:
9780199788903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152807.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter considers how the conditions of production and dissemination of children's literature changed beginning in the mid-1930s, and looks at the particular ways that leftists, in response to ... More


Toward the Popular Front

Stanley G. Payne

in The Collapse of the Spanish Republic, 1933-1936: Origins of the Civil War

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110654
eISBN:
9780300130805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110654.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter continues the discussion of the activities of the new government. It describes how the governing procedures of the Spanish Republic began to parallel some of the negative aspects of the ... More


‘Workers’ Music’: Communism and the British Folk Revival

Ben Harker

in Red Strains: Music and Communism Outside the Communist Bloc

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265390
eISBN:
9780191760440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265390.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Communists loomed large in the first decade of Britain's post-war folk music revival, and cultural historians have been quick to suspect a central Communist Party cultural policy co-ordinating ... More


Roosevelt's America: The Flickering Beacon

David Ellwood

in The Shock of America: Europe and the Challenge of the Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198228790
eISBN:
9780191741739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228790.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, American History: 20th Century

Increasingly Roosevelt's 1930s America looked like European capitalism's last best hope. But what were the true lessons of its successes and obvious failures? ‘Middle’ opinion in Britain — ... More


‘We are not fascists’: The veterans and the extreme right

Chris Millington

in From Victory to Vichy: Veterans in Interwar France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780719085505
eISBN:
9781781702680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085505.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter concerns the period from 1934 to the election of the Popular Front in June 1936. The issue of French fascism is a key debate in the historiography of twentieth-century France. Scholars ... More


Fragments of Opera in American Exile

Joy H. Calico

in Brecht at the Opera

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520254824
eISBN:
9780520942813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254824.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter examines the three unfinished operas of Brecht as components of the network of texts from the American exile period. These fragments represent three modes of engagement with opera: ... More


The Democratic Front

Robin D. G. Kelley

in Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625485
eISBN:
9781469625508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625485.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the Democratic Front in Alabama. By late 1937, Birmingham became the only sustained center of Party Activity in the state. Communist leaders increased their efforts to attract ... More


From the Popular Front to the Fall of France

in Between Justice and Politics: The Ligue des Droits de l'Homme, 1898-1945

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753173
eISBN:
9780804767873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753173.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the wake of the crisis of February 6, 1934, the French Left began to realize that they must be united in order to prevent the spread of fascism in France. The Socialists and Communists began ... More


The Brewing Upheaval

Burnett Bolloten

in The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624464
eISBN:
9781469624488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter chronicles the tensions that would eventually give rise to the Spanish Civil War. It argues that these enmities had been steadily developing since the fall of the Monarchy and the ... More


Radio Soaps, Broadway Lights: Lillian Hellman, Shirley Graham, and the Interpellation of Female Audiences

Vials Chris

in Realism for the Masses: Aesthetics, Popular Front Pluralism, and U.S. Culture, 1935-1947

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604731231
eISBN:
9781604733495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604731231.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter focuses on Eleanor Roosevelt and how she became the most visible woman in the United States during the 1930s. Roosevelt worked for the full participation and recognition of women in ... More


Intelligence and the Rearmament Programmes of 1936

PETER JACKSON

in France and the Nazi Menace: Intelligence and Policy Making 1933-1939

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208341
eISBN:
9780191677984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208341.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses how intelligence was central to the formulation of the land and air rearmament programmes adopted by the Popular Front government in the late 1936. This decision was triggered ... More


The Thirties and War

Norman Birnbaum

in After Progress: American Social Reform and European Socialism in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195158595
eISBN:
9780199849352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158595.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

By the mid-1930s, the socialist movement was everywhere on the defensive, visibly incapable of defending the parliamentary democracy to which it was attached. Leon Blum's Popular Front government ... More


Taking Down the Great White Hope: The Popular Front Boxing Narrative

Vials Chris

in Realism for the Masses: Aesthetics, Popular Front Pluralism, and U.S. Culture, 1935-1947

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604731231
eISBN:
9781604733495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604731231.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter explores the class, racial, and gender politics of white ethnic, Popular Front subjectivity through an investigation of the realist boxing narrative. Of immediate interest is the extent ... More


The Elections of February 1936

Stanley G. Payne

in The Collapse of the Spanish Republic, 1933-1936: Origins of the Civil War

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110654
eISBN:
9780300130805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110654.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the outcome of the February 1936 elections. By 17 February it was evident that the Popular Front had not merely won but would hold a parliamentary majority. That fact was not ... More


F. O. Matthiessen and the Tragedy of the American Scholar

Randall Fuller

in Emerson's Ghosts: Literature, Politics, and the Making of Americanists

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195313925
eISBN:
9780199787753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313925.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter describes a curious incident that occurred as F. O. Matthiessen completed the opening section on Emerson for his magisterial American Renaissance: he, too, suffered a nervous breakdown. ... More


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