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How Defense ‘Spilled Over’ Into the CFSP: Western European Union (WEU) and the European Security and Defense Identity (ESDI)

J. Bryan Collester

in The State of the European Union: Risks, Reform, Resistance, and Revival

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297574
eISBN:
9780191598982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297572.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the EU’s decision to expand the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) to include defence. It begins by considering the significant developments in the WEU’s half-century of ... More


Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 139, 2005 Lectures

P. J. Marshall (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263945
eISBN:
9780191734038
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263945.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Volume 139 of the Proceedings of the British Academy contains thirteen lectures in the humanities and social sciences delivered at the British Academy in 2005. Subject matter ranges from ... More


Programs and Policies

Marina Umaschi Bers

in Designing Digital Experiences for Positive Youth Development: From Playpen to Playground

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199757022
eISBN:
9780199933037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757022.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the procedure for implementing effective programs and policies in regards to technological content. Safety has long been the primary concern of policymakers in terms of ... More


The Endgame of the Negotiations and the Future of an Enlarged European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Ten new members, eight of them post-communist states, joined the EU on 1 May 2004. This chapter takes up three issues that will shape the future of an enlarged EU. First, the EU’s active leverage has ... More


The European Union and the Promotion of Democracy: Europe's Mediterranean and Asian Policies

Richard Youngs

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249794
eISBN:
9780191600357
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249792.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book assesses European Union (EU) policies aimed at encouraging democratization in East Asia and the North African and Middle Eastern states within the Euro–Mediterranean partnership—these two ... More


Franco‐German Relations: From Active to Reactive Cooperation

Alistair Cole

in Leaderless Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199535026
eISBN:
9780191715860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Neither the centrality nor cohesion of Franco-German EU potential leadership should be assumed. However, the EU has great institutional, symbolic, economic and political resources enabling it to ... More


The European Union and the Regions

Barry Jones and Michael Keating (eds)

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279990
eISBN:
9780191599552
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019827999X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

European integration has affected regions in various ways. It has created economic winners and losers. It has taken up powers formally devolved to regions and has often strengthened national ... More


Europeanism and Regionalism

Michael Keating

in The European Union and the Regions

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279990
eISBN:
9780191599552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019827999X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

European integration and regional assertion have been complementary processes. Both are connected to the transformation of the state. There is no common pattern and a Europe of the Regions is an ... More


The EU—Who are ‘We’ and Where is the Enemy?

Alexandra Gheciu

in Securing Civilization?: The EU, NATO and the OSCE in the Post-9/11 World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199217229
eISBN:
9780191712449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217229.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that the risk of terrorist attacks by transnational groups has been systematically invoked by EU bodies to justify the launch (or expansion) of a broad set of risk-management ... More


Tackling Social Exclusion through OMC: Reshaping the Boundaries of European Governance

Kenneth A. Armstrong

in The State of the European Union, 6: Law, Politics, and Society

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199257409
eISBN:
9780191600951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925740X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Armstrong links macro structures to the micro level (individual action) by providing a critical analysis of the institutionalization of new modes of governance and their impact on civil society and ... More


A European Union with Teeth?

Jolyon Howorth

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Common wisdom has it that European disagreements over the American-led invasion of Iraq killed the prospects for a European defense and foreign policy—but the common wisdom is wrong. In recent years, ... More


EU Democracy Promotion Instruments: Evolution and Shortcomings

Richard Youngs

in The European Union and the Promotion of Democracy: Europe's Mediterranean and Asian Policies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249794
eISBN:
9780191600357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249792.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter outlines the nature of the instruments introduced by the EU pursuant to the democracy promotion commitment and examines the shortcomings and lacuna that remained in the range of policy ... More


Secular States in Crisis

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

in The Islamic Leviathan: Islam and the making of State Power.

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144260
eISBN:
9780199833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144260.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Malaysia and Pakistan sought to address their problems through economic growth and the management of ethnic tensions. Malaysia pursued the New Economic Policy (NEP) to favor Malay bumiputras (sons of ... More


Policing and Immigration: The Creation of New Policy Spaces

Penelope Turnbull and Wayne Sandholtz

in The Institutionalization of Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199247967
eISBN:
9780191601088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924796X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

An analysis is made of the creation of new European Union (EU) spaces for cooperation in policing and immigration policies. The Treaty of Rome was silent on both topics, and before the Maastricht ... More


Finland

David Arter

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the retirement of President Kekkonen in 1981, a process of piecemeal constitutional reform has strengthened the core concept of parliamentary government at the expense of the old ... More


The Quest for Coherence: Institutional Dilemmas of External Action from Maastricht to Amsterdam

Michael E. Smith

in The Institutionalization of Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199247967
eISBN:
9780191601088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924796X.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The focus of this chapter is on the institutionalization of a space for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), and on efforts since the signing of the Maastricht Treaty on European Union ... More


Implementation of the Act

Alok Kumar and Sushanta K. Chatterjee

in Electricity Sector in India: Policy and Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198082279
eISBN:
9780199082063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082279.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with broad aspects related to the implementation of the Electricity Act, 2003. It covers the various policies, namely, National Electricity Policy, Tariff Policy, and Rural ... More


Narratives of Free Trade: The Commercial Cultures of Early US-China Relations

Kendall Johnson (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9789888083534
eISBN:
9789882209275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083534.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This collection discusses the first commercial encounters between a China on the verge of social transformation and a fledgling United States struggling to assert itself globally as a distinct nation ... More


Policy Analysis in France

Charlotte Halpern, Patrick Hassenteufel, and Philippe Zittoun (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447324218
eISBN:
9781447324225
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447324218.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Policy analysis in France lays the foundation for a more systematic understanding of policy analysis in the country. In doing so, the volume discusses the role of the State and its restructuring, ... More


The EU's Foreign and Security Policy: Incremental Upgrading of Common Interests and the Effects of Institutionalized Cooperation

Nicole Alecu de Flers, Laura Chappell, and Patrick Müller

in The EU's Decision Traps: Comparing Policies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199596225
eISBN:
9780191729140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596225.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

As decision-making in European foreign and security policy has remained an intergovernmental process where unanimous decision-making is the norm, this policy field seems a likely case for becoming ... More


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