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The Philosophy of John Norris

W. J. Mander

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230303
eISBN:
9780191710643
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230303.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Best known today as one of the earliest critics of John Locke, John Norris (1657-1711) incorporated ideas of Augustine, Malebranche, Plato, the Cambridge Platonists, and the scholastics into an ... More


Plotinus

Andrew Louth

in The Origins of the Christian Mystical Tradition: From Plato to Denys

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199291403
eISBN:
9780191710674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291403.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Plotinus is the supreme exponent of an abiding element in what may be called ‘mystical philosophy’. He represents man’s inherent desire to return to heaven at its purest and most ineffable. Plotinus’ ... More


Cambridge Platonists and the Miltonic Heritage

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The tradition of prisca theologia and the Corpus Hermeticum are Pico della Mirandola instrumental in revival of preexistence. Real flowering is under the Cambridge Platonists, especially Henry More, ... More


The Knowledge of God and of Ourselves

Paul Helm

in Calvin at the Centre

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199532186
eISBN:
9780191714580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532186.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses the meaning and sources of the overarching theme of Calvin's Institutes, that true wisdom chiefly consists in the knowledge of God and of ourselves. The origins of this theme ... More


The Revolution of 386

Carol Harrison

in Rethinking Augustine's Early Theology: An Argument for Continuity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199281664
eISBN:
9780191603402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281661.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter argues that Augustine’s conversion in 386 is not a radically different conversion from the one he recounts in Confessiones 8: that if one is to speak of a ‘revolution’ in his thought, it ... More


A Threat to Public Piety: Christians, Platonists, and the Great Persecution

Elizabeth DePalma Digeser

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801441813
eISBN:
9780801463969
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801441813.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This book re-examines the origins of the Great Persecution (AD 303–313), the last eruption of pagan violence against Christians before Constantine enforced the toleration of Christianity within the ... More


Pythagorean Number Doctrine in the Academy and Lyceum

Leonid Zhmud

in Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289318
eISBN:
9780191741371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289318.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter first considers the estimates of how great the contribution of the Pythagoreans was to Plato's philosophy and how these views diverge substantially, and which vary across the range from ... More


Peter Sterry: Calvinist Mystic

Dewey D. Wallace, Jr.

in Shapers of English Calvinism, 1660–1714: Variety, Persistence, and Transformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744831
eISBN:
9780199897339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744831.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Peter Sterry (1613–1673) was a Puritan spiritual writer and Calvinist theologian educated at Cambridge and associated with the Cambridge Platonists. A radical Independent, he preached before ... More


Platonism and Expressive Aesthetics

David P. Kinloch

in The Thought and Art of Joseph Joubert (1754–1824)

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151838
eISBN:
9780191672859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151838.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Joseph Joubert has been cited in critical biographies and literary histories as one of the principal ‘Platonists’ of his period. However, the issue of Joubert's ‘Platonism’ is a complex one which ... More


Life Eternal and Death Eternal

Geoffrey Rowell

in Hell and the Victorians: A Study of the Nineteenth-Century Theological Controversies concerning Eternal Punishment and the Future Life

Published in print:
1974
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198266389
eISBN:
9780191683022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266389.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

Frederick Denison Maurice was dismissed from his professorial chair at King's College, London, in 1853 as a consequence of his views on eternal punishment. Most men at the time believed that, in his ... More


Origin and Development

David Young

in F. D. Maurice and Unitarianism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263395
eISBN:
9780191682520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263395.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

This chapter discusses the origin and development of Unitarianism during the eighteenth century. Unitarianism was created in the latter part of the eighteenth century by the coming together of those ... More


From Hobbes to Shaftesbury

Christopher Brooke

in Philosophic Pride: Stoicism and Political Thought from Lipsius to Rousseau

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152080
eISBN:
9781400842414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152080.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers the seventeenth-century reception of Thomas Hobbes, and in particular the question of how he was understood as being both a funny (and dangerous) kind of Stoic and later as a ... More


Moral conscience

Richard Sorabji

in Gandhi and the Stoics: Modern Experiments on Ancient Values

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644339
eISBN:
9780191745812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644339.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Greek expression for conscience meant in the 5th century BCE: sharing with oneself, as if one were split into two, knowledge of a personal defect, not yet always a moral one. The Christian Saint ... More


Pythagoreanism: emerging from the Presocratic fog Pythagoreanism: emerging from the Presocratic fog Metaphysics A 5

Malcolm Schofield

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Pythagoreans are presented by Aristotle in Chapter 5 as a sort of bridge between the physicists and the Platonists. They resemble the physicists in treating their principles as material, although ... More


The Theme of Divinization

Michael J. McClymond and Gerald R. McDermott

in The Theology of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791606
eISBN:
9780199932290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791606.003.0026
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Edwards's theology was in tension with traditional Calvinism at a number of points, including the concept of divinization. Although Edwards had no access to patristic and later Orthodox writings, his ... More


Leo Strauss's Platonic Liberalism

in Reading Leo Strauss: Politics, Philosophy, Judaism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226764023
eISBN:
9780226763903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226763903.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

The conjunction of the terms “Platonic” and “liberalism” may seem oxymoronic. The most influential interpretation of Plato in the second half of the twentieth century held him to be an intransigent ... More


Schism in the Ammonian Community: Porphyry v. Iamblichus

Elizabeth DePalma Digeser

in A Threat to Public Piety: Christians, Platonists, and the Great Persecution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801441813
eISBN:
9780801463969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801441813.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the rift between Porphyrians and Iamblichaeans, the earliest evidence for which appears in Porphyry of Tyre's treatise On Abstinence. More specifically, it analyzes the debate ... More


Was Plato a Platonist?

Lloyd P. Gerson

in From Plato to Platonism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452413
eISBN:
9780801469183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452413.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter sets out the central theme of this book, by examining how Platonism is related to Plato's philosophy. In so doing the chapter makes a distinction between the terms “Platonism” and ... More


Conclusion

Lloyd P. Gerson

in From Plato to Platonism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452413
eISBN:
9780801469183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452413.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This concluding chapter summarizes the insights drawn from previous chapters in furthering a discussion of Ur-Platonism (UP) and the “first principle of all,” called in Republic the Idea of the Good, ... More


Later Platonist and Peripatetic Contributions

Michael Frede

in A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268487
eISBN:
9780520948372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268487.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter presents the text of Michael Frede's speech concerning the contributions of later Platonists and Peripatetics to the notion of will. It explains that while the later Platonists and ... More


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