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The Professionalization of Physical Culture: Making and Measuring Whiteness

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 3 examines the use of spirometer in physical education at U.S. college and universities and its role in monitoring and marking Anglo-Saxon manhood and womanhood.


Who Killed the New Man?

Maxine Leeds Craig

in Sorry I Don't Dance: Why Men Refuse to Move

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199845279
eISBN:
9780199369614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845279.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality, Race and Ethnicity

Drawing on archival sources and Tarzan, Babbitt, The Virginian, and Penrod, this chapter follows the ascendancy of dance as a popular amusement in the 1910s and 1920s and the initial class ... More


Some Relations Of Physical Training To The Present Problems Of Moral Education In Americ

Josiah Royce

in Race Questions, Provincialism, and Other American Problems: Expanded Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231324
eISBN:
9780823235568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231324.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter suggests the correlation of teachers of physical education with that of others who are engaged in moral education. It also summarizes the theses upon which ... More


Progress and Race: Vitality in Turn-of-the-Century Britain

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 4 examines the spirometer in physical education in mid-nineteenth century Britain and its later use by Francis Galton as part of a test for “bodily efficiency” that he considered useful in ... More


Globalizing Spirometry: The “Racial Factor” in Scientific Medicine

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 5 tracks the spirometer as it moved among the U.S., Britain, and South Africa at a moment when users recognized the pressing need to distinguish between “normal” and “abnormal” lung capacity.


Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Lundy Braun

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The spirometer is used routinely to diagnose respiratory disease in specialist and primary care settings, although most patients probably do not recognize the name of the device. An important feature ... More


Learning Loyalty

Mathew A. Foust

in Loyalty to Loyalty: Josiah Royce and the Genuine Moral Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823242696
eISBN:
9780823242733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823242696.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter joins Royce in tracing the origins and development of ethical experience. Because for Royce, the genuine moral life is one of loyalty and loyalty to loyalty, in articulating a Roycean ... More


“Inventing” the Spirometer Working-Class Bodies in Victorian England

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 1 focuses on mid-nineteenth century Britain when John Hutchinson published his studies on the spirometer and exhibited the instrument and his data to elite London societies. Hutchinson was ... More


Black Lungs and White Lungs: The Science of White Supremacy in the Nineteenth-Century United States

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 2 explores the uptake of the spirometer in the U.S. where it was used to study racial difference in a large anthropometric study at the end of the Civil War. While Frederick Hoffman drew on ... More


Adjudicating Disability in the Industrial Worker

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 6 focuses on a particular site of technological innovation in Britain after the Second World War. The Pneumoconiosis Research Unit was established to investigate disease among coal miners. ... More


Diagnosing Silicosis: Physiological Testing in South African Gold Mines

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 7 centers on the use of the spirometer in South Africa to adjudicate disability claims among gold miners, but only in whites. Black miners at the time were largely excluded from monitoring ... More


How Race Takes Root

Lundy Braun

in Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683574
eISBN:
9781452949185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683574.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Epilogue brings the topic up to the present.


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