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Facing Death: Epicurus and his Critics

James Warren

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199252893
eISBN:
9780191601408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252890.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

A comprehensive study and articulation of the interlocking Epicurean arguments against the fear of death found not only in the writings of Epicurus himself but also in Lucretius' poem De Rerum Natura ... More


Aspasius and Other Objections To Chrysippus

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The Aristotelian Asapasius (2nd century CE) objected that his fellow-Aristotelian Andronicus (1st century BCE) should not have conceded to Chrysippus that emotion requires assent as well as ... More


The Traditions Of Moderation and Eradication

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The Stoic advocacy of freedom from emotion (apatheia) is opposed to Aristotle's of moderate emotion (metriopatheia), which was the majority preference, although Plato has shifting emphases. Some saw ... More


The Arts: First Movements and Controversies on Drama and Music

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

According to Seneca, the arts, including tragedy and music, can only produce first movements. So Aristotle's claim that tragedy and comedy produce catharsis by arousing emotion is wrong, as is ... More


The Ethics of Philodemus

Voula Tsouna

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199292172
eISBN:
9780191711770
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292172.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book presents a study of the ethics of the Epicurean philosopher Philodemus, who taught Virgil, influenced Horace, and was praised by Cicero. His works have only recently become available to ... More


Anger and the Desire for Revenge

Voula Tsouna

in The Ethics of Philodemus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199292172
eISBN:
9780191711770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292172.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines Philodemus' diatribe On Anger, a principal piece of On the Passions and an important contribution to the philosophical literature on that subject. The first section supplies ... More


The Fear of Death

Voula Tsouna

in The Ethics of Philodemus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199292172
eISBN:
9780191711770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292172.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the surviving part of the fourth book of Philodemus' treatise On Death. It also makes brief mention of Philodemus' treatment of superstitious fears concerning death in [On ... More


Introduction

Voula Tsouna

in The Ethics of Philodemus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199292172
eISBN:
9780191711770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292172.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of Philodemus and his works. The chapter then describes the conventions followed in the analyses of Philodemus' writings. An overview of the ... More


First Things

Voula Tsouna

in The Ethics of Philodemus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199292172
eISBN:
9780191711770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292172.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter outlines the fundamental principles of Philodemus' ethics in connection with the canonical views of the Epicurean school, and points to his own original contributions. It examines the ... More


Vices, Emotions, and ‘Bites’

Voula Tsouna

in The Ethics of Philodemus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199292172
eISBN:
9780191711770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292172.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines the central concepts of Philodemus' moral psychology: notably, his conception of vices, which is compared with that of the virtues, of harmful and unacceptable emotions or ... More


Analysis and Treatment: Methodological and Epistemological Prolegomena

Voula Tsouna

in The Ethics of Philodemus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199292172
eISBN:
9780191711770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292172.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines Philodemus' method of analysis and treatment in the ethical treatises. It comments on some general features of Philodemus' empirical approach to ethics, many of which are ... More


Therapeutic Tactics

Voula Tsouna

in The Ethics of Philodemus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199292172
eISBN:
9780191711770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292172.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The theoretical analysis of vices and emotions has a practical goal: namely, their detection and removal. This chapter offers a rapid survey of Philodemus' methods of treatment and determines the ... More


Frank Speech

Voula Tsouna

in The Ethics of Philodemus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199292172
eISBN:
9780191711770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292172.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines the practice of frank speech or candid criticism, the principal educational method of late Epicurean schools and a major tool of moral and psychological therapy. The chapter is ... More


Flattery and the Desire to Please

Voula Tsouna

in The Ethics of Philodemus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199292172
eISBN:
9780191711770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292172.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

On Flattery is, in all probability, the opening treatise of Philodemus' composition On Vices and the Opposite Virtues and the People in whom they occur and the Situations in ... More


Arrogance and Related Vices

Voula Tsouna

in The Ethics of Philodemus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199292172
eISBN:
9780191711770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292172.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines On Arrogance, which is probably the full title of the tenth book of Philodemus' On Vices. The discussion proceeds as follows. The first section presents Philodemus' outline of ... More


Ancient Theories of Iambos

Andrea Rotstein

in The Idea of Iambos

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199286270
eISBN:
9780191713330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286270.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter explores the various historical ‘ways of seeing’ the genre of iambos in ancient scholarship after Aristotle. It begins with an overview of the Hellenistic scholarship on iambos and the ... More


Fears of Death

James Warren

in Facing Death: Epicurus and his Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199252893
eISBN:
9780191601408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252890.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

A clarification of the various ways in which it is possible to fear ‘death’: fearing dying, fearing being dead, regretting being mortal, fearing premature death. An initial examination of the ... More


Poetry in the light of Prose: Gorgias, Isocrates, Philodemus

Stephen Halliwell

in Between Ecstasy and Truth: Interpretations of Greek Poetics from Homer to Longinus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570560
eISBN:
9780191738753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570560.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter considers three prose-writers each of whom, in his own way, evaluates poetry in relation to prose. Gorgias' Helen, itself a kind of prose-poem, makes poetry fully part of a larger realm ... More


The Epicureans: Rethinking What Is Natural

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Epicurus’ appeal to nature to show that our final end is pleasure is less crude than often thought. Instead of formulating a hedonic calculus, he distinguishes between desires in terms of what is ... More


Epicurean Ethics in Horace: The Psychology of Satire

Sergio Yona

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198786559
eISBN:
9780191828829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786559.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Over the centuries leading up to their composition many genres and authors have emerged as influences on Horace’s Satires, which in turn has led to a wide variety of scholarly interpretations. This ... More


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