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Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine: Decoding the Literary Record

Richard Kalmin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306194
eISBN:
9780199784998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306198.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Babylonian Talmud was compiled in the 3rd through 6th centuries CE, by rabbis living under Sasanian Persian rule in the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. What kind of society did ... More


The Origins of the Mithraic Mysteries: Cosmology and Salvation in the Ancient World

David Ulansey

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067880
eISBN:
9780199853328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067880.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This book argues that the Roman cult of Mithras did not originate in Persia, as previously thought. Instead, the author suggests that the cult was triggered by the reaction of a group of Tarsian ... More


Belief in 5600 (1840) as the Year of Redemption

Arie Morgenstern

in Hastening Redemption: Messianism and the Resettlement of the Land of Israel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195305784
eISBN:
9780199784820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305787.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Various End-reckonings, based on both the Talmud and the Zohar, led to the conclusion that the Messiah would appear in 5600 A.M. (the six-hundredth year of the sixth millennium), corresponding to ... More


Idolatry in Late Antique Babylonia

Richard Kalmin

in Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine: Decoding the Literary Record

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306194
eISBN:
9780199784998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306198.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter argues that Persian attitudes and practices with regard to idols and idol worship had a significant impact on Babylonia, constituting another respect in which Babylonia was more Persian ... More


Introduction

Richard Kalmin

in Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine: Decoding the Literary Record

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306194
eISBN:
9780199784998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306198.003.intro
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This introductory chapter lays out the theoretical foundations of the book. Topics discussed include Judiasm and Christianity between Persia and eastern Roman provinces during the 4th century, ... More


The Mongol Shock: Can Judaism Survive when Trade and Urban Economies Collapse?

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter looks at the Mongol invasion of Persia and Mesopotamia, beginning in 1219 and culminating in the razing of Baghdad in 1258. The Mongol invasion of Persia and Mesopotamia contributed to ... More


Ancient Near Eastern History: the Case of Cyrus the Great of Persia

AMÉLIE KUHRT

in Understanding the History of Ancient Israel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264010
eISBN:
9780191734946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264010.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter examines how an historian of the ancient Near East sets about reconstructing a picture of the past using material of great diversity in terms of type and historical value. It ... More


Rome and Persia 357–9: The Role of Tamsapor

Robin Seager

in Ancient Historiography and its Contexts: Studies in Honour of A. J. Woodman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558681
eISBN:
9780191720888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558681.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter deals with two aspects of Ammianus Marcellinus's account of the satrap Tamsapor's role in the renewal of hostilities between Rome and Persia on Rome's eastern frontier in AD 359. The ... More


Ancient Tyranny

Sian Lewis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748621255
eISBN:
9780748651047
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621255.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Tyrants and tyranny are more than the antithesis of democracy and the mark of political failure: they are a dynamic response to social and political pressures. This book examines the autocratic ... More


Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

James Howard-Johnston

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

The principal witnesses to the rise of Islam are examined, first contemporary and near‐contemporary non‐Muslims, then later writers with access to good sources of information, and finally the ... More


The First Blows to European Domination

John Tolan, Gilles Veinstein, and Henry Laurens

in Europe and the Islamic World: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147055
eISBN:
9781400844753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter chronicles the initial wave of revolutionary fervor in the Muslim world. It first looks at Persia, the first revolutionary Muslim tendencies arose. Moreover, in the early twentieth ... More


Israel and Empire: From the Egyptians to the Greeks

Christopher Bryan

in Render to Caesar: Jesus, the Early Church, and the Roman Superpower

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195183344
eISBN:
9780199835584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195183347.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

According to biblical and prophetic tradition, God wills that there shall be empires and superpowers: Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, and Persia are all, at different times, said to rule by God’s mandate, ... More


The Ancient Oriental Churches

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0057
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Discusses missionary activity and the creation of churches outside the boundaries of the Roman Empire during the first centuries of Christianity. The subjects covered include Armenia, Persia, the ... More


The Diplomatic Background to the Eastern Question from Its Origins to 1821

Alexander Bitis

in Russia and the Eastern Question: Army, Government and Society, 1815-1833

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263273
eISBN:
9780191734700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263273.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter gives an overview of the military and diplomatic history of Russo-Turkish relations from their origins to 1815. It outlines the reasons for Russian military ascendancy over its eastern ... More


The Origins and Conduct of the Russo-Persian War, 1826–1828

Alexander Bitis

in Russia and the Eastern Question: Army, Government and Society, 1815-1833

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263273
eISBN:
9780191734700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263273.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers the origins and conduct of the 1826–8 Russo-Persian War. While the actions of certain individuals were responsible for the outbreak of war, more profound causes were also at ... More


George of Pisidia

James Howard‐Johnston

in Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

George of Pisidia is rightly regarded as a great poet. His career as a senior official in the Constantinopolitan patriarchate is outlined. His poems, both religious and secular, are dated, and the ... More


Two Universal Chronicles

James Howard‐Johnston

in Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

The most important of all the sources considered is the Chronicon Paschale, a universal chronicle written by a member of the patriarchal staff in Constantinople. The last contemporary part, covering ... More


The Course of World History: Shapes of Freedom

Peter C. Hodgson

in Shapes of Freedom: Hegel's Philosophy of World History in Theological Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654956
eISBN:
9780191741333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654956.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Spirit’s self-actualization begins with the paternalistic, static realm of China, progresses through the stages of fanciful imagination in the cultural traditions of India, the vast but flawed ... More


Semiramis' Legacy: The History of Persia According to Diodorus of Sicily

Jan Stronk

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474414258
eISBN:
9781474430975
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474414258.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

In Semiramis’ Legacy, the history of Persia (in its widest sense) is followed as it has been described by the Greek author Diodorus of Sicily (first century bc) as a part of his Historical Library. ... More


Constantine and the Captive Christians of Persia: Martyrdom and Religious Identity in Late Antiquity

Kyle Smith

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520289604
eISBN:
9780520964204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520289604.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

It is widely believed that the Emperor Constantine's conversion to Christianity politicized religious allegiances, dividing the Christian Roman Empire from the Zoroastrian Sasanian Empire and leading ... More


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