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Challenging Acts of International Organizations Before National Courts

August Reinisch (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199595297
eISBN:
9780191595752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595297.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

The challenging of acts of international organizations before national courts is the focus of this book. After the Kadi-hype following the 2008 European Court of Justice judgment, this book ... More


Patenting Procedures and Filing Strategies at the EPO

Niels Stevnsborg and Bruno van Pottelsberghe

in The Economics of the European Patent System: IP Policy for Innovation and Competition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216987
eISBN:
9780191711831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216987.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes the various routes that can be chosen to obtain patent protection in some or all of the European countries. The EPO offers a centralized granting process, which includes ... More


Decisions of the European Patent Organization Before National Courts

August Reinisch

in Challenging Acts of International Organizations Before National Courts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199595297
eISBN:
9780191595752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595297.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the implications of the English Lenzing case which concerned an indirect attack against the European Patent Office's revocation of a patent. In addition, it demonstrates how ... More


Historical Insights

Dominique Guellec

in The Economics of the European Patent System: IP Policy for Innovation and Competition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216987
eISBN:
9780191711831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216987.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses the genesis and evolution of the patent system, since the first patent statute was issued in Venice in 1471, until the international harmonization pressures of patent regimes ... More


Hot ‘Patent’ Issues: Quantitative Evidence

Bruno van Pottelsberghe

in The Economics of the European Patent System: IP Policy for Innovation and Competition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216987
eISBN:
9780191711831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216987.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores several challenges facing the patent system: university patenting, the cost of patents, and the growing number and voluminosity of patent filings. The pros and cons of academic ... More


The European Patent System at the Crossroad

Dominique Guellec and Bruno van Pottelsberghe

in The Economics of the European Patent System: IP Policy for Innovation and Competition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216987
eISBN:
9780191711831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216987.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As the role of patents has become central in the knowledge economy, there is evidence that the current institutional and legal setting is unable to cope with the corresponding challenges. This ... More


The End of Ownership: Personal Property in the Digital Economy

Aaron Perzanowski and Jason Schultz

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035019
eISBN:
9780262335959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035019.001.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

The digital economy has great potential, but it also entails risks. The notion of personal property and ownership is under threat because of the shift to digital distribution and ubiquitous embedded ... More


Legal Restraints and Censorship 1600–1800

M. Pollard

in Dublin's Trade in Books 1550–1800: Lyell Lectures 1986-7

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184096
eISBN:
9780191674174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184096.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter discusses the various restraints surrounding the Irish book trade in the 17th and 18th centuries. The most important factor in inhibiting the growth of the Dublin trade represents a ... More


‘Scarce a good One Play'd’: Tragedy, 1695–1700  

Derek Hughes

in English Drama 1660–1700

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198119746
eISBN:
9780191671203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198119746.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

The comic revival of the late 1690s had no counterpart in tragedy, which continued its general decline into cliched political complacency and aimless sensationalism. As in the earlier part of the ... More


Hungary in the Habsburg Monarchy 1840–67: A Study of Perceptions

R. J. W. Evans

in Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs: Central Europe c.1683-1867

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199541621
eISBN:
9780191701252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541621.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter presents an essay on the patterns of contact and mutual perception in the dual monarchy of Austria and Hungary during the period from 1840 to 1867. It examines the commonalities and ... More


The Reforging of the Habsburg State, 1849–1859

John Deak

in Forging A Multinational State: State Making in Imperial Austria from the Enlightenment to the First World War

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804795579
eISBN:
9780804795937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795579.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter abstract: In the 1850s, the Austrian bureaucracy was reconstituted and the structures of the state were rebuilt to lead Austria into a new age. This era has been widely criticized for a ... More


State Building on a New Track: Austria in the 1860s

John Deak

in Forging A Multinational State: State Making in Imperial Austria from the Enlightenment to the First World War

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804795579
eISBN:
9780804795937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795579.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter abstract: This chapter discusses the era of reform into the 1860s. Government by bureaucrats is an expensive prospect. Austria could not solve its financial difficulties and secure necessary ... More


Computing as Writing

Daniel Punday

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816696994
eISBN:
9781452953601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816696994.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Writing has long been used as a metaphor to understand computing. From the virtual desktop of modern operating systems to the way we name portable devices (the notebook computer, the iPad), writing ... More


The Poor Nations Harmonize

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter discusses India's response and reservations during the Uruguay Rounds and notes that India and Brazil both experienced a decreasing diplomatic relationship with the United States. It ... More


The Relationship between European and National Courts in Intellectual Property Law

Sir Robin Jacob

in The Europeanization of Intellectual Property Law: Towards a European Legal Methodology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199665105
eISBN:
9780191758881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665105.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter gives a judicial perspective of the relationship between European and national courts. The author criticises that the CJEU is not prepared to take arguments derived from national law and ... More


Towards a Unified Patent Court in Europe

Jan Brinkhof and Ansgar Ohly

in The Europeanization of Intellectual Property Law: Towards a European Legal Methodology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199665105
eISBN:
9780191758881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665105.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter gives an overview over the current plans for a Unified Patent Court. The present system has several shortcomings, but it is also characterised by “harmonisation through persuasiveness”, ... More


Conclusion: New Directions

in The Patent Crisis and How the Courts Can Solve It

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226080611
eISBN:
9780226080635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226080635.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Both innovation and patent law unquestionably work differently in different industries. The law can either take account of those differences or seek to ignore them. Congress is better suited to ... More


The CCR5 Patent(s)

Myles W. Jackson

in The Genealogy of a Gene: Patents, HIV/AIDS, and Race

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028660
eISBN:
9780262327190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028660.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores how the CCR5 gene was patented by several companies both in the United States and in Europe. It discusses how one of the patent holders patented the incorrect sequence and did ... More


The European Response to the CCR5 Patent

Myles W. Jackson

in The Genealogy of a Gene: Patents, HIV/AIDS, and Race

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028660
eISBN:
9780262327190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028660.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the patenting of the CCR5 gene in Europe. It compares and contrasts the practices of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) with the European Patent Office (EPO) ... More


The Europeanization of Patent Law: Towards a Competitive Model

Jan Smits and William Bull

in The Europeanization of Intellectual Property Law: Towards a European Legal Methodology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199665105
eISBN:
9780191758881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665105.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter contrasts harmonisation in general private law with harmonisation of intellectual property law. Using the current plans for a Unified Patent and a Unitary Patent Court as a case study, ... More


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