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Electrophysiology of Mind: Event-related Brain Potentials and Cognition

Michael D. Rugg and Michael G. H. Coles (eds)

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524168
eISBN:
9780191706639
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524168.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book reviews a productive period of research aimed at connecting brain and mind through the use of scalp-recorded brain potentials to chart the temporal course of information processing in the ... More


Bioethics and the Brain

Walter Glannon

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Our ability to map and intervene in the structure of the human brain is proceeding at a very quick rate. Advances in psychiatry, neurology, and neurosurgery have given us fresh insights into the ... More


Positron Emission Tomography: Glucose Metabolism in Extratemporal Lobe Epilepsy

Csaba Juhász and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The interictal FDG PET often shows focal cortical hypometabolism in patients with extratemporal epilepsy and can correctly regionalize neocortical epileptic foci in more than 2/3 of the cases, even ... More


Positron Emission Tomography: Brain Glucose Metabolism in Pediatric Epilepsy Syndromes

Aimee F. Luat and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The advent of positron emission tomography (PET) scanning using 2-deoxy-2-[18F] fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) has significantly improved our understanding of the pathomechanisms of different pediatric ... More


Multimodality Neuroimaging and Future Directions

Otto Muzik and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Advances in imaging technologies provide today an abundance of qualitatively diverse brain data sets with the purpose to guide the placement of subdural electrodes as a pre-requisite for epilepsy ... More


Imaging the Aging Brain

William Jagust and Mark D'Esposito (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

The study of brain aging has been revolutionized through advances in molecular neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, and brain imaging. The application of new concepts and techniques has permitted ... More


The Early Detection of Alzheimer's Disease with Positron Emission Tomography

Rachel Mistur, Lisa Mosconi, Remigiusz Switalski, Susan De Santi, Yi Li, Lidia Glodzik, Miroslaw Brys, Wai Tsui, Henry Rusinek, and Mony J. de Leon

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Reductions in the cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRglc), a measure of neuronal function, have proven to be a promising tool in the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). FDG-PET imaging ... More


Methodological and Conceptual Issues in the Study of the Aging Brain

Mark D’Esposito, William Jagust, and Adam Gazzaley

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

The emergence of functional neuroimaging technology such as positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has ushered in a new stage in the study of the aging ... More


Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Roberto Cabeza, Lars Nyberg, and Denise Park (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Until very recently, our knowledge about the neural basis of cognitive aging was based on two disciplines that had very little contact with each other. Whereas the neuroscience of aging investigated ... More


The role of human orbitofrontal cortex in reward prediction and behavioral choice: insights from neuroimaging

John P. O'Doherty and Raymond J. Dolan

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In order to survive, most animals including humans need to be able to learn and adapt flexibly their behavior so that optimal choices can be made in an uncertain environment. This chapter reviews ... More


PET and fMRI

Partha P. Mitra and Hemant Bokil

in Observed Brain Dynamics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195178081
eISBN:
9780199864829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178081.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The development of positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) as noninvasive methods for measuring brain activity has given rise to a relatively new field of ... More


Windows on the Brain

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

Monitoring brain activity requires methods with appropriate resolutions. Field potential analysis (EEG and MEG), imaging of energy production (fMRI), optical recording methods, and single-cell ... More


Where in the brain is pain? Evaluating painful experiences in non-communicative patients

Athena Demertzi and Steven Laureys

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Pain is a personal and intimate experience. As with other conscious experiences, pain needs to be communicated in order to be assigned to a subject. In cases of severely brain-injured ... More


The Neurobiology and Development of Rhythm

Justin London

in Hearing in Time: Psychological Aspects of Musical Meter

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744374
eISBN:
9780199949632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744374.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

Research in neurobiology and rhythmic development is surveyed in this chapter. The temporal constraints on rhythm perception and sensorimotor entrainment surveyed in the previous chapter seem to ... More


Cerebral Glucose Metabolism and Blood Flow in Parkinson’s Disease

Yilong Ma, Shichun Peng, Vijay Dhawan, and David Eidelberg

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

Functional brain imaging has been widely used to describe regional abnormalities in cerebral blood flow and metabolism in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients scanned in the rest state with PET, SPECT, ... More


Brain Activation Studies in Parkinson’s Disease

L. K. Prashanth and Antonio P. Strafella

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0060
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

This chapter provides an overview of brain activation studies of the pathophysiology of the motor, cognitive, and behavioral symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Discussion focuses on activation ... More


Imaging Cognitive Dysfunction in Parkinson’s Disease: Cholinergic Neurotransmission and Protein Aggregation

Nicolaas I. Bohnen and Kirk A. Frey

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0074
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

Disturbances of cognition are frequent in Parkinson’s disease (PD), with an increasing prevalence of dementia with longer disease duration. The pathological hallmark of parkinsonian dementia is the ... More


Imaging Inflammation in Parkinsonian Syndromes

David J. Brooks

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0089
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

In vivo markers of microglial activation such as 11C-PK11195 PET can provide a measure of ongoing neurodegeneration in patients with PD and other parkinsonian syndromes. The ... More


Functional Imaging Biomarkers for the Assessment of Parkinson’s Disease Progression

Chris C. Tang and David Eidelberg

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0093
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

A reasonable degree of symptom relief can be achieved in most PD patients, particularly at early disease stages. Nonetheless, despite symptomatic treatment, the disease process continues, with the ... More


Effects of Treatment: Pharmacologic

Alain Dagher

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0100
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

Pharmacological therapy to augment dopamine neurotransmission, either with levodopa or a dopamine agonist, relieves the motor deficits of Parkinson’s disease (PD) consistently and rapidly. However, ... More


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