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Pluralism in a Patrimonial Bureaucracy: The Ottoman Empire

R. D. Grillo

in Pluralism and the Politics of Difference: State, Culture, and Ethnicity in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294269
eISBN:
9780191599378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294263.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Some of the most horrifying episodes of ethnic violence of the twentieth century occurred in a territory originally part of the Ottoman Empire. Although for later generations the Empire was a byword ... More


The Ottomans: From Frontier Principality to Empire

Gábor Ágoston

in The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608638
eISBN:
9780191731754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608638.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

From its rise around 1300, and continuing from the mid‐fifteenth century until its demise during World War I, the Ottoman Empire was a crucial player in European and Asian power politics: first as a ... More


Sokollu Mehmed Pasha and The Apogee of Empire: 1561–1579

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on Sokollu Mehmed Pasha, one of the most compelling personalities of the entire 16th century and the mastermind of the Ottoman Empire's last great push into the Indian Ocean. ... More


Exclusion of the Ottoman Empire from the Family of Nations, and Legal Doctrines of Humanitarian Intervention

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the legal doctrines of humanitarian intervention that were developed in the second half of the nineteenth century. Drawing on nineteenth-century British and French writings, ... More


The International Context of Nineteenth-Century Humanitarian Interventions

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the international context of humanitarian interventions during the nineteenth century in order to understand why humanitarian intervention emerged as an international practice ... More


Rustem Pasha Versus The Indian Ocean Faction: 1546–1561

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on Rustem Pasha, who dominated Ottoman political life throughout the middle decades of the 16th century. Nominated to the grand vizierate upon Hadim Suleiman's dismissal in ... More


The Death of Politics

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on the waning years of the Ottoman Age of Exploration. By the end of the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire's era of relentless international expansion had drawn to a close. But ... More


Introduction: The Ottoman Empire and its Frontiers

A. C. S. PEACOCK

in The Frontiers of the Ottoman World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264423
eISBN:
9780191734793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264423.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Stretching across Europe, Asia and Africa for half a millennium bridging the end of the Middle Ages and the early twentieth century, the Ottoman Empire was one of the major forces that forged the ... More


Nonintervention on Behalf of the Ottoman Armenians (1886–1909)

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the European powers' nonintervention on behalf of the Ottoman Armenians during the period 1886–1909. From the 1870s to 1914, the “Armenian Question” was dragged into the ... More


Selim The Navigator 1512–1520

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explores the ways in which the opening of a direct Ottoman sea route to the Indies during Selim's reign closely corresponded, in its general contours, with a similar process that had ... More


The Little Ice Age Crisis of the Ottoman Empire: A Conjuncture in Middle East Environmental History

Sam White

in Water on Sand: Environmental Histories of the Middle East and North Africa

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199768677
eISBN:
9780199979608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199768677.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

After centuries of conquest and expansion, the Ottoman Empire descended into crisis in the 1590s as a widespread uprising known as the Celali Rebellion ushered in decades of economic dislocation, ... More


Introduction: An Empire of The Mind

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the four characteristics of 16th-century European expansion that constitute the basic definition of the term Age of Exploration in this book: a ... More


The Ottoman Conquest in Europe

John Tolan, Gilles Veinstein, and Henry Laurens

in Europe and the Islamic World: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147055
eISBN:
9781400844753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter retraces the shared history between the Ottoman Empire and Europe. Focusing on the Ottoman conquest in Europe, the chapter describes the events by which the history of Europe became ... More


A Man, A Plan, A Canal: Mir Ali Beg's Expeditions to the Swahili Coast, 1579–1589

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on events from 1579 to 1589. Ottoman decision makers, particularly those with an interest in the Indian Ocean, realized that in light of the myriad challenges to their rule that ... More


Ibrahim Pasha and the Age of Reconnaissance 1520–1536

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The year 1520 marks the beginning of the very long reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, widely considered the grandest and most powerful sultan in the history of the Ottoman state. For all his ... More


Nationalism and Population Politics in the late Ottoman Empire

Uğur Ümit Üngör

in The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603602
eISBN:
9780191729263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter gives an account of how the Turkish nation formation process developed from the nineteenth into the twentieth century. It introduces the eastern provinces and Diyarbekir province ... More


‘The Eastern Question Again!’: From Herzegovina Insurrection to the Berlin Memorandum

Miloš Ković

in Disraeli and the Eastern Question

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199574605
eISBN:
9780191595134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574605.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

From the beginning of his second term as prime minister, Disraeli secured a key role for himself in Britain's foreign policy. He perceived the Three Emperors' League as the greatest threat, which, in ... More


Intermezzo—The International Context (1878–1908)

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the international context of the European powers' humanitarian interventions during the period 1878–1908. It begins with a discussion of three major changes that took place ... More


Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change

Fatma Müge Göçek

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195099256
eISBN:
9780199854547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099256.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The book examines the process of Westernization and social change during the 18th and 19th centuries in the Ottoman Empire. Using empirical analysis of archival documents and historical chronicles, ... More


Charity Begins Abroad: The Filles de la Charité in the Ottoman Empire

Sarah A. Curtis

in In God’s Empire: French Missionaries and the Modern World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195396447
eISBN:
9780199979318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396447.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion, World Modern History

This chapter tells the story of how, from the mid-nineteenth century, the Filles de la Charité were in the forefront of a wave of missionaries, both male and female, who expanded their work to ... More


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