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The Black Sea: A History

Charles King

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199241613
eISBN:
9780191601439
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241619.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Black Sea has long formed a zone of interaction—sometimes cordial, sometimes conflictual—among the peoples and states around its shores, from the Balkans to the Caucasus, from Russia to Turkey. ... More


Kara Deniz, 1500–1700

Charles King

in The Black Sea: A History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199241613
eISBN:
9780191601439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241619.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Ottomans guarded the Black Sea as a great prize and, after their conquest of Constantinople, gradually restricted access by outside ships. For the first time all the sea's coasts were brought ... More


Chernoe More, 1700–1860

Charles King

in The Black Sea: A History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199241613
eISBN:
9780191601439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241619.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Russia's commercial growth and political power after the late eighteenth century were fueled by access to the sea. The ports of southern Russia grew through trade with the rest of Europe. ... More


The Ottoman Conquest in Europe

John Tolan, Gilles Veinstein, and Henry Laurens

in Europe and the Islamic World: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147055
eISBN:
9781400844753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter retraces the shared history between the Ottoman Empire and Europe. Focusing on the Ottoman conquest in Europe, the chapter describes the events by which the history of Europe became ... More


Rustem Pasha Versus The Indian Ocean Faction: 1546–1561

Giancarlo Casale

in The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377828
eISBN:
9780199775699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on Rustem Pasha, who dominated Ottoman political life throughout the middle decades of the 16th century. Nominated to the grand vizierate upon Hadim Suleiman's dismissal in ... More


Pluralism in a Patrimonial Bureaucracy: The Ottoman Empire

R. D. Grillo

in Pluralism and the Politics of Difference: State, Culture, and Ethnicity in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294269
eISBN:
9780191599378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294263.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Some of the most horrifying episodes of ethnic violence of the twentieth century occurred in a territory originally part of the Ottoman Empire. Although for later generations the Empire was a byword ... More


Ottoman Europe: An Ancient Fracture

John Tolan, Gilles Veinstein, and Henry Laurens

in Europe and the Islamic World: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147055
eISBN:
9781400844753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter details the characteristics of that “other Europe” resulting from the Ottoman conquest: a multiethnic and multifaith Europe under the domination of the Crescent. Throughout much of the ... More


Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Davide Rodogno

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This book looks at the rise of humanitarian intervention in the nineteenth century, from the fall of Napoleon to World War I. Examining the concept from a historical perspective, the book explores ... More


Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Empire

Marc David Baer

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331752
eISBN:
9780199868018
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331752.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Examining the historical record of Islamic conversions during the Ottoman age in a novel way, this book gathers fresh insights concerning the nature of religious conversion. Rejecting any attempt to ... More


The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Taner Akçam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Introducing new evidence from more than 600 secret Ottoman documents, this book demonstrates in detail that the Armenian Genocide and the expulsion of Greeks from the late Ottoman Empire resulted ... More


An Armenian Artist in Ottoman Cairo: Yuhanna al-Armani and His Coptic Icons

Magdi Guirguis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774161520
eISBN:
9781617971013
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774161520.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This book offers an unique window onto the social history of Cairo in the eighteenth century. Yuhanna al-Armani has long been known by historians of Coptic art as an eighteenth-century Armenian icon ... More


Conversion and Conquest: Ghaza in Central and Eastern Europe

Marc David Baer

in Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331752
eISBN:
9780199868018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331752.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter begins with a discussion of Mehmed IV's path of jihad in the early 1670s when he journeyed to the heart of Europe to conquer a citadel which is referred to today as “the Turkish ... More


The Failed Final Jihad

Marc David Baer

in Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331752
eISBN:
9780199868018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331752.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter analyzes the Ottoman siege of Vienna in 1683 within the framework of several of the book's interrelated themes: the links between conversion and conquest and between piety and ... More


Mehmed IV’s Life and Legacy, from Ghazi to Hunter

Marc David Baer

in Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331752
eISBN:
9780199868018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331752.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines Mehmed IV's life and legacy. His hunting habit overshadowed his numerous conversions. Dire straits for commoners, lawlessness in the capital, and military failure turned ... More


Conclusion: Islamic Rulers and the Process of Conversion

Marc David Baer

in Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331752
eISBN:
9780199868018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331752.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter discusses Islamic rulers and the process of conversion. It argues that the conversion of self, conversion of others of the same religion, conversion of others of different religions and ... More


The Aftermath of the Balkan Wars and the “Emptying” of Eastern Thrace and the Aegean Littoral in 1913–14

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter talks about how, throughout the years of 1913–14 until its entry into the war, the Ottoman government carried out a basic ethnic-cleansing operation, particularly against the Greeks in ... More


The Transformation of Ottoman Policies toward the Ottoman Greeks during the First World War

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines how the policy followed against the Ottoman Greeks underwent an important change in November 1914, when the use of widespread violence against the Greeks and their forcible ... More


Interior Ministry Documents and the Intent to Annihilate

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter talks about how, despite all attempts to sanitize the archival record, the surviving documents in the Interior Ministry section of the Prime Ministerial Ottoman Archive are sufficient to ... More


The International Context of Nineteenth-Century Humanitarian Interventions

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the international context of humanitarian interventions during the nineteenth century in order to understand why humanitarian intervention emerged as an international practice ... More


Exclusion of the Ottoman Empire from the Family of Nations, and Legal Doctrines of Humanitarian Intervention

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the legal doctrines of humanitarian intervention that were developed in the second half of the nineteenth century. Drawing on nineteenth-century British and French writings, ... More


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