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Ethics of Ambiguity: A Buddhist Reflection on the Japanese Organ Transplant Law

Ronald Y. Nakasone

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the structure and role of ambiguity in the Japanese Organ Transplant Law by looking at the Chinese Huayen Buddhist doctrine of dharmadhatu-pratityasamutpada (fajie yuanqi shuo) ... More


THE SOUNDPROOF STUDY: Victorian Professional Identity and Urban Noise

John M. Picker

in Victorian Soundscapes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195151916
eISBN:
9780199787944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151916.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter argues that later 19th-century Londoners' deliberations over street music serve as a gauge of that urban community's explicit demands and entrenched biases. It shows how fights for ... More


Beyond Bach: Music and Everyday Life in the Eighteenth Century

Andrew Talle

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252040849
eISBN:
9780252099342
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252040849.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This book investigates the musical life of Johann Sebastian Bach’s Germany from the perspectives of those who lived in it. The men, women, and children of the era are treated here not as extras in ... More


Acquisition of Organs

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Deals with the problem of the acquisition and distribution of organs for transplantation and allows the application of the foregoing theoretical discussion of saving lives and relevant/irrelevant ... More


Commentary: Local and Global Contexts of the Praxis of Bioethics: ‘Transplant Tourism’ and ‘Altruistic’ Medicine

Yosuke Shimazono

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0065
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, Chin criticizes the global ban on ‘transplant tourism’ and argues that promotion of this practice could be reconciled with transplant medicine, which is presumably based on the value ... More


On Selling Organs

Patrick Shade and John Lachs

in Freedom and Limits

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823256747
eISBN:
9780823261390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256747.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

Lachs argues that liberty is a relevant idea in addressing technological advances concerning organ transplant. Arguing that the poor have a right to make use of their bodies in securing wealth, he ... More


The Organ as Scrying Glass: Images From the Organ Reform Movement

Kerala J. Snyder

in The Organ as A Mirror of Its Time

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195144154
eISBN:
9780199849369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144154.003.0024
Subject:
Music, History, Western

In the first half of the 20th century the organ functioned almost as a scrying glass: a traditional northern European instrument of divination. A brief outline of organ reform movement is given here ... More


All Things Twice, First Tragedy Then Farce: Lessons from a Transplant Error

Charles L. Bosk

in A Death Retold: Jesica Santillan, the Bungled Transplant, and Paradoxes of Medical Citizenship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830598
eISBN:
9781469605432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877524_wailoo.8
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the transplant error in the Jesica Santillan's case and the main actors in the story (from Duke University Medical Center to Carolina Donor Services, from the United Network for ... More


Human Organ Transplant Ordinance: Facilitating Adult Live Donor Transplants?

Athena Liu

in Law and Medicine: Current Legal Issues Volume 3

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299189
eISBN:
9780191685644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299189.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

Organ transplant raises difficult legal and ethical issues. Organs may come from a live or dead donor, and a donor may be an adult or a minor. This chapter deals with only live adult (over eighteen) ... More


Does Submission to God's Will Preclude Biotechnological Intervention?: Lessons from Muslim Dialysis Patients in Contemporary Egypt

Sherine F. Hamdy

in Deus in Machina: Religion, Technology, and the Things in Between

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823249800
eISBN:
9780823252480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823249800.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter offers a critique of the (Orientalist-derived) notion of Islamic fatalism through an ethnographic study of devout Muslims in contemporary Egypt and their flexible attitudes concerning ... More


Welfare reform and drug policy: coalition, continuity and change

Mark Monaghan

in Social policies and social control: New perspectives on the ‘not-so-big society’

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447310747
eISBN:
9781447310778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447310747.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explores two public health programmes implemented in the UK under the 2010 Coalition Government, to illustrate how individualistic behavioural ideologies are embedded in them. Discussion ... More


May God Protect This Beautiful Organ

Andrew Talle

in Beyond Bach: Music and Everyday Life in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252040849
eISBN:
9780252099342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252040849.003.0010
Subject:
Music, History, Western

In chapter nine, Gottfried Silbermann’s construction of a new organ in the small town of Rötha serves as a case study of such projects, which were undertaken frequently in Bach’s Germany. Its ... More


Vladimir Jankélévitch: The Time of Forgiveness

Aaron T. Looney

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823262960
eISBN:
9780823266654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823262960.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The first critical study of Vladimir Jankélévitch in English, this book traces Jankélévitch's reflections on the conditions of forgiveness and the temporality of forgiveness in relation to creation, ... More


The “Evil” of Healthcare Rationing

Philip M. Rosoff

in Rationing Is Not a Four-Letter Word: Setting Limits on Healthcare

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027496
eISBN:
9780262320764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027496.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter introduces the concept of the need for organized healthcare rationing after first discussing the dysfunctions of the healthcare system in the United States: its disorder, gross ... More


Existing Rationing Systems: Organ Transplantation, Scarce Drugs, and Oregon

Philip M. Rosoff

in Rationing Is Not a Four-Letter Word: Setting Limits on Healthcare

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027496
eISBN:
9780262320764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027496.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter initiates the main argument by describing in detail three systems of open, formal rationing in American healthcare: solid organ transplantation, scarce drug allocation, and the Oregon ... More


Fairness

Philip M. Rosoff

in Rationing Is Not a Four-Letter Word: Setting Limits on Healthcare

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027496
eISBN:
9780262320764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027496.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this chapter the essential issue of fairness is discussed as it is (and should be) a cardinal feature of existing and any future rationing method. The central characteristics of fairness, as it is ... More


The Inexcusable and the Unforgivable

Aaron T. Looney

in Vladimir Jankélévitch: The Time of Forgiveness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823262960
eISBN:
9780823266654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823262960.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Chapter Five adopts and deepens the distinction between the excuse and forgiveness addressed in Chapter Two. What can be excused is not the object of forgiveness because the excuse follows the order ... More


Reanimation: The Logic of Transfer in Measure for Measure

Philip Lorenz

in The Tears of Sovereignty: Perspectives of Power in Renaissance Drama

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251308
eISBN:
9780823252633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251308.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The chapter considers a first paradigm of sovereignty, focusing on the metaphor-logic of substitution that reanimates the body-of-power in Shakespeare's Measure for Measure. Shakespeare's only play ... More


Primary Topic Article: Trafficking and Markets in Kidneys: Two Poor Solutions to a Pressing Problem

Arthur L. Caplan

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0053
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Trafficking is a major source of kidneys for transplant in the world today. This practice involving the exploitation and even murder of organ sources is ethically indefensible. Some argue that a ... More


Commentary: Presuming Minor Consent and Allowing Family Veto: Two Moral Concerns about Organ Procurement Policy *

Hitoshi Arima

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0056
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper focuses on two pragmatic questions policymakers confront when considering the implementation of a presumed consent policy for organ procurement: whether they should presume a minor’s ... More


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