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The Locus of Functional Explanation

Frederick J. Newmeyer

in Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274338
eISBN:
9780191706479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274338.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter addresses the question of how direct the linkage is between functional pressures and the typological distribution of formal elements that represents a response to those pressures. It ... More


Why the Phonological Component must be Serial and Rule‐Based 1

Bert Vaux

in Rules, Constraints, and Phonological Phenomena

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226511
eISBN:
9780191710193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226511.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter identifies an inventory of core phonological processes that are robustly attested in all or nearly all human languages. These are compared to the classes of phenomena predicted to be ... More


An Optimal Theory of Clitic Positioning

Stephen R. Anderson

in Aspects of the Theory of Clitics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279906
eISBN:
9780191707131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279906.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter elaborates a more precise account of the phrasal morphology that is responsible for the appearance of special clitics, within an Optimality Theoretic framework. A limited set of ... More


Paradigms in Phonological Theory

Laura J. Downing, T. Alan Hall, and Renate Raffelsiefen (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199267712
eISBN:
9780191708213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267712.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This book presents insights on the phonology-morphology interface. It discusses a wide range of central theoretical issues, including the role of paradigms in synchronic grammars, and does so in the ... More


The Phonology of Cliticization

Stephen R. Anderson

in Aspects of the Theory of Clitics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279906
eISBN:
9780191707131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279906.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

To say that one sense of the term ‘clitic’ is to be identified with the phonology of the relevant elements does not, of course, actually provide in itself a theory of that dimension. In fact, the ... More


A Realization Optimality‐Theoretic Approach to Full and Partial Identity of Forms *

Zheng Xu and Mark Aronoff

in Morphological Autonomy: Perspectives From Romance Inflectional Morphology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589982
eISBN:
9780191728884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589982.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

In this chapter we present a Realization Optimality‐Theoretic account of full and partial identity of forms, i.e. paradigmatic syncretism and cases in which lexemes share the same inflectional ... More


Argument Licensing in Optimal Switches

Rakesh M. Bhatt

in Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262027892
eISBN:
9780262320351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027892.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents an Optimality-Theoretic (OT) account of the linguistically significant generalizations of bilingual codeswitching in argument positions in different language pairs. I claim that ... More


Introduction

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This introductory chapter provides essential background for the analyses developed in the subsequent chapters of the book. The first section defines the scope of the book, introducing the types of ... More


Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Laura J. Downing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Prosodic morphology concerns the interaction of morphological and phonological determinants of linguistic form and the degree to which one determines the other. Although prosodic morphology has been ... More


Some Consequences of Language Design: Codeswitching and the PF Interface

Jeff MacSwan and Sonia Colina

in Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262027892
eISBN:
9780262320351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027892.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

As an empirical evaluation of the MacSwan’s (1999) PF Disjunction Theorem, reformulated here in Optimality Theoretic terms as the PF Interface Condition, this paper investigates the question of ... More


Optimal Paradigms

John J. McCarthy

in Paradigms in Phonological Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199267712
eISBN:
9780191708213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267712.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter introduces a novel formalization of surface resemblance through shared paradigm membership, couched within Optimality Theory (OT) and correspondence theory. In this Optimal Paradigms ... More


Sources of Paradigm Uniformity

Luigi Burzio

in Paradigms in Phonological Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199267712
eISBN:
9780191708213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267712.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter argues that paradigm uniformity (PU) effects ultimately show that, while the move towards parallelism initiated by OT was much on the right track, the degree of parallelism in the system ... More


Derived Environment Effects in Colloquial Helsinki Finnish

Arto Anttila

in The Nature of the Word: Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262083799
eISBN:
9780262274890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

One of the longstanding puzzles in generative phonology is the so-called Nonderived Environment Blocking (NDEB), proposed by Paul Kiparsky. Based on NDEB, some phonological rules apply only in ... More


Subjects in early English: syntactic change as gradual constraint reranking

Brady Clark

in Grammatical Change: Origins, Nature, Outcomes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199582624
eISBN:
9780191731068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582624.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides a comprehensive analysis of change in the syntax of early English subjects within the framework of Stochastic Optimality Theory (StOT). It shows that positional discrepancies ... More


Theory and explanation in phonological typology

Matthew K. Gordon

in Phonological Typology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199669004
eISBN:
9780191821745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669004.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

This chapter summarizes the various factors that contribute to the typological distribution of phonological patterns and provides an overview of how these factors are formally modeled in contemporary ... More


Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology

David Embick

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014229
eISBN:
9780262289344
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014229.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This book offers a detailed examination of morphology and phonology from a phase-cyclic point of view (that is, one that takes into account recent developments in Distributed Morphology and the ... More


Optimality-Theoretic Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics: From Uni- to Bidirectional Optimization

Géraldine Legendre, Michael T. Putnam, Henriëtte de Swart, and Erin Zaroukian (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198757115
eISBN:
9780191817021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757115.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

Although optimization is a central and pervasive concept in the study of the mind, perhaps in no domain of cognitive inquiry is this concept and its accompanying processes less broadly accepted than ... More


Accentual Patterns in Romance Verb Forms

Judith Meinschaefer

in Morphological Autonomy: Perspectives From Romance Inflectional Morphology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589982
eISBN:
9780191728884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589982.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

What principles of morphology determine the locus of word stress in Spanish and Italian verb forms? It is argued that paradigmatic uniformity has played a crucial role in the evolution of verb stress ... More


Introduction

Géraldine Legendre, Michael T. Putnam, Henriëtte de Swart, and Erin Zaroukian

in Optimality-Theoretic Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics: From Uni- to Bidirectional Optimization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198757115
eISBN:
9780191817021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757115.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter begins by sampling pervasive patterns in linguistic systems which result from optimality effects in syntax and semantics. Blocking, minimality, markedness, last resort, and ... More


Templatic and subtractive truncation1

Birgit Alber and Sabine Arndt-Lappe

in The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199573721
eISBN:
9780199573738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573721.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter discusses processes of templatic and subtractive truncation as forms of morphological exponence. Even though there exists a substantial body of research especially on the formal analysis ... More


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