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John Wyclif

Stephen Edmund Lahey

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183313
eISBN:
9780199870349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183313.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The 14th-century English philosopher and theologian John Wyclif (d. 1384) has been described as a forerunner of the Reformation, but is better understood as the last important thinker of Oxford’s ... More


The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book examines the three leading traditional solutions to the dilemma of divine foreknowledge and human free will—those arising from Boethius, William of Ockham, and Luis de Molina. Though all ... More


Introduction to Medieval Logic

Alexander Broadie

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240266
eISBN:
9780191680137
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240266.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, History of Philosophy

Medieval logicians advanced far beyond the logic of Aristotle and the aim of this book is to show how far that advance took them in two central areas. This book focuses upon the work of some of the ... More


The Physics of Duns Scotus: The Scientific Context of a Theological Vision

Richard Cross

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269748
eISBN:
9780191683787
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269748.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

Duns Scotus, along with Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham, was one of the three most talented and influential of the medieval schoolmen, and a highly original and ... More


Divine Production in Late Medieval Trinitarian Theology: Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

JT Paasch

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199646371
eISBN:
9780191739293
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646371.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

According to the doctrine of the Trinity, the Father, Son, and Spirit are supposed to be distinct from each other, and yet be one and the same God. As if that were not perplexing enough, there is ... More


What are Faculties of the Soul? Descartes and his Scholastic Background

Dominik Perler

in Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Descartes famously claimed that a human soul is a single substance without any parts. But he also affirmed that the soul has two faculties, namely intellect and will, which act as ‘two concurrent ... More


THE OXFORD CONTEXT OF WYCLIF’S THOUGHT

Stephen E. Lahey

in John Wyclif

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183313
eISBN:
9780199870349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183313.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Wyclif’s philosophical thought followed a period of remarkable innovation in the history of medieval philosophy, when the Ockhamist movement challenged the Aristotelian synthesis of Thomist and ... More


Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Victor A. Albert (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Parsimony analysis (cladistics) has long been one of the most widely used methods of phylogenetic inference in the fields of systematic and evolutionary biology. Moreover, it has mathematical ... More


Parsimony and phylogenetics in the genomic age

Victor A. Albert

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Parsimony analysis (Ockham's razor) as a general method of inference has a long history, from the arguments of Copernicus against Ptolemy's heliocentric solar system, through Sir Farncis Crick's ... More


Aristotelian Preliminaries

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Aristotelian philosophy gave Aquinas, Giles of Rome, Scotus, and Ockham the philosophical tools they needed to formulate real presence and sacramental causality precisely. This chapter orients by ... More


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