Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 326 items

  • Keywords: Newton x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Archetypal Heresy: Arianism Through the Centuries

Maurice Wiles

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245918
eISBN:
9780191600814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245916.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Arianism is a fourth‐century heresy, which affirmed Christ to be divine, but not in the same full sense in which God the Father is divine. Traditional Trinitarianism, with its classical expression in ... More


Force and mass

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Modern science could not advance until the ideas of force and mass were understood. Newton provided this understanding by stressing the role of momentum and by creating his three laws of motion. But ... More


Numbers

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An account is given of the Forrest‐Armstrong theory of number (Peter Forrest). Natural numbers are argued to be relations holding between a certain property and a certain mereological whole (black ... More


Introduction

Andrew Stewart Skinner

in A System of Social Science: Papers Relating to Adam Smith

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233343
eISBN:
9780191678974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233343.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Following the publication of The Theory of Moral Sentiments, it appears that Adam Smith gave greater emphasis to jurisprudence and economics at the expense of the ethical material. While the lectures ... More


Experimental Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with experimental philosophy, as represented in Gilbert on magnetism, Hobbes on the air pump, and Newton on the production of the spectrum. It is shown that experimental philosophy ... More


The Quantitative Transformation of Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter looks at attempts to quantify natural phenomena and, in particular, forces. Early efforts along these lines — notably by Galileo and Descartes — tried to extrapolate from statics to ... More


The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Martin Schönfeld

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project is a study of Kant’s early writings and their context. Although Kant’s career spanned more than half a century-from the first ... More


o n e The Vis Viva Debate Kant's Starting Point

Martin Schönfeld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the context of Kant’s first and original puzzle: what actually is force? It is an account of the debate over kinetic energy (Leibniz’s “living force” or vis viva) and the ... More


t h r e e t h r e e On the Way toward the Precritical Project

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the role that True Estimation of Living Forces (1747) played in Kant’s intellectual development. Section 1 describes Kant’s way of dealing with controversies and discusses his ... More


f o u r f o u r The Conversion to Newton

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s studies from 1754 to 1757, the application of his dynamic perspectives to fire, tides, the Earth’s rotation, climate, winds, and earthquakes. Section 1 surveys the ... More


f i v e The Universal Natural History The Purposiveness of Nature

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s second book, Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens (1755). Section 1 describes the context of the book and Kant’s critique of static and anthropocentric ... More


n i n e The Newtonian Program of thePrize Essay and Kant's Crisis The Struggle for Freedom

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the aftermath of Only Possible Argument and the Prize Essay (1764). Section 1 examines the curious preface of Kant’s third book, the exchange with Mendelssohn, and Kant’s ... More


The Relativity Principle and the Fable of Albert Keinstein

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that Albert Einstein was not the first to use the relativity principle (RP) as a postulate in the treatment of a problem in physics. Christian Huygens had done so over two hundred ... More


Einstein's Principle-theory Approach

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on how Einstein arrived at his special theory of relativity. It discusses Einstein's postulates, his derivation of the Lorentz transformations, and experimental evidence for the ... More


What Is Space?

Nick Huggett

in Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379518
eISBN:
9780199776559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379518.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What, then, is space? It seems strange since it is part of the physical world but unlike other physical things; in some sense it is the ‘place’ where they all are. This chapter first explores how the ... More


Goethe's Colored Shadows

Roy Sorensen

in Seeing Dark Things: The Philosophy of Shadows

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326574
eISBN:
9780199870271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326574.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Newton says shadows are mere absences of light. Since the visual response to a lack of stimulation is black, all shadows would then be black. In his attack on Newton's optics, Goethe drew attention ... More


On the Passing of Time

Tim Maudlin

in The Metaphysics Within Physics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199218219
eISBN:
9780191711596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218219.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The main aim of this chapter is to clear the ground of objections to the notion that time, ‘of itself, and from its own nature, flows equably without relation to anything external’. The three ... More


INTRODUCTION

Terry Lyons and Zhongmin Qian

in System Control and Rough Paths

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506485
eISBN:
9780191709395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506485.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The concept of a differential equation controlled by a rough path can be motivated by quite simple examples. One such example is a linear system driven by two-dimensional noise. This example is ... More


FUNCTIONAL ITERATIONS

D. A. Bini, G. Latouche, and B. Meini

in Numerical Methods for Structured Markov Chains

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527688
eISBN:
9780191713286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527688.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

The major iterative algorithms based on functional iteration techniques for solving nonlinear matrix equations are described, analysed, and compared in this chapter. First, the basic concepts on ... More


SPECIALIZED STRUCTURES

D. A. Bini, G. Latouche, and B. Meini

in Numerical Methods for Structured Markov Chains

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527688
eISBN:
9780191713286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527688.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

Some specialized structures are investigated in this chapter and some of the algorithms in previous chapters are adapted to the specific cases. Markov chains with limited displacement (non-skip-free ... More


View: