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“One and the Same Interest”: Antiblack Racism and Colonial Domination with and without Hegemony

THELMA WILLS FOOTE

in Black and White Manhattan: The History of Racial Formation in Colonial New York City

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195165371
eISBN:
9780199871735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165371.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter shows that the disciplinary mechanism of antiblack racism became a key instrument of governance in colonial New York City. It notes that New York City's Slave Revolt of 1712 was the act ... More


Policing in New York City

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter is a four-part down payment on the comprehensive portrait of the New York experience that the two-decade history of policing deserves. The first section provides a short history of ... More


Lessons from the Past: Sicilian Mafiosi in New York City and Rosario, circa 1880–1940

Federico Varese

in Mafias on the Move: How Organized Crime Conquers New Territories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128559
eISBN:
9781400836727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128559.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

From the mid-nineteenth century, many Sicilians, including members of the mafia, were on the move. After sketching the contours of the mafia in Sicily in the nineteenth century, this chapter outlines ... More


The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Franklin E. Zimring

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The 40% drop in crime that occurred across the U.S. from 1991 to 2000 largely remains an unsolved mystery. Even more puzzling then is the crime rate drop in New York City, which lasted twice as long ... More


A Difference amongst Ourselves”: Divisions of Religion and Language, Solidarities of Race and Nation in Colonial New York City’s Settler Population

THELMA WILLS FOOTE

in Black and White Manhattan: The History of Racial Formation in Colonial New York City

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195165371
eISBN:
9780199871735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165371.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter stresses that the English Crown relied on surrogates to project its sovereignty to the English overseas colonies. Colonial administrators, clergymen, missionaries, and schoolmasters ... More


A Safe City Now?

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The lesson of Chapter 1 is that New York City has experienced a decline in rates of serious crime that is unprecedented in modern American history. This chapter focuses on the current circumstances ... More


ORDERLY AND DISORDERLY MOBILIZATION IN THE TAVERNS OF NEW YORK CITY

Benjamin L. Carp

in Rebels Rising: Cities and the American Revolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304022
eISBN:
9780199788606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304022.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

City dwellers collected together in taverns to eat and drink, converse, exchange news and information, and debate politics. New York City stood at the pinnacle of alcohol consumption, communication, ... More


“The Most Natural View of the Whole”: Discovering the “Plot of 1741–42” and the Discursive Construction of the “Dangerous Other” in the Colonialist Discourse of Conspiracy

THELMA WILLS FOOTE

in Black and White Manhattan: The History of Racial Formation in Colonial New York City

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195165371
eISBN:
9780199871735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165371.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter reveals that, by the 1740s, interracial socializing among colonial New York City's subaltern population of enslaved blacks, propertyless white servants, and transients troubled ruling ... More


“We Shall Never Be Quite Safe”: Policing the Fugitive Body of Colonial New York City’s Servile Population

THELMA WILLS FOOTE

in Black and White Manhattan: The History of Racial Formation in Colonial New York City

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195165371
eISBN:
9780199871735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165371.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter investigates examples of insubordination, ranging from the unruly behavior of the city's laboring class in the streets, marketplaces, dock areas, and taverns to the remarkable bids for ... More


Continuity and Change in New York City

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter is a wide-ranging survey of population, social, and economic factors thought to influence crime trends. It marches through various data sets to test continuity or structural change in ... More


The Crime Decline: Some Vital Statistics

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides a statistical profile of the substantial crime decline that started in New York City in the early 1990s which has continued well past the turn of a new century. The first ... More


Open Questions

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter identifies a series of important unanswered questions that are priorities for future research. It organizes the “need to know” list around five main areas: the unsolved mystery of ... More


“The Happiness of Liberty of Which I Knew Nothing Before”: Passports to Freedom and the Black Exodus from Post-Revolutionary New York City

THELMA WILLS FOOTE

in Black and White Manhattan: The History of Racial Formation in Colonial New York City

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195165371
eISBN:
9780199871735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165371.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter shows that the final split between the English colonial rulers and settlers in British North America provided passports to freedom for runaway slaves, who during the white American War ... More


Proportional Representation and the Practice of Democracy in New York City

Daniel O. Prosterman

in Defining Democracy: Electoral Reform and the Struggle for Power in New York City

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195377736
eISBN:
9780199979158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377736.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 3 examines the immediate aftermath of the electoral reform movement’s greatest victory in the United States. Withstanding a series of legal challenges, the city conducted its first PR ... More


Crime and the City

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter argues that the crime decline documented in this study requires a fundamental rethinking of the relationship between urban life and urban crime in the 21st century. Most of the high rate ... More


A Shadow Bureaucracy: Foundation Dollars and New York City School Reform

Sarah Reckhow

in Follow the Money: How Foundation Dollars Change Public School Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199937738
eISBN:
9780199980734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937738.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Foundations have amplified top-down coordination and rapid implementation of new policies in New York City. Using social network analysis, this chapter demonstrates that foundations are primarily ... More


Restructuring Urban Democracy amid the Great Depression

Daniel O. Prosterman

in Defining Democracy: Electoral Reform and the Struggle for Power in New York City

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195377736
eISBN:
9780199979158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377736.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 2 argues that reformers’ definition of democracy shifted in the late nineteenth century to incorporate the broader electorate as crucial participants in what they labeled a “good-government” ... More


Of Demography and Drugs:: Testing Two 1990s Theories of Crime Causation

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the two predominant theories of crime risk in the 1990s: the expansion of high-risk youth and the high rates of drug sales and use. These pessimistic indicators did not change ... More


A Changing Neighborhood

Ida Susser

in Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

The trends that have shaped the industry and social structure of the United States have also fashioned New York City and its neighborhoods. This chapter traces the course of the city's economic and ... More


Black and White Manhattan: The History of Racial Formation in Colonial New York City

Thelma Wills Foote

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195165371
eISBN:
9780199871735
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165371.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Race first emerged as an important ingredient of New York City's melting pot when it was known as New Amsterdam and was a fledgling colonial outpost on the North American frontier. This book details ... More


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