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Rethinking National Strategy

in From Hot War to Cold: The U.S. Navy and National Security Affairs, 1945–1955

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756662
eISBN:
9780804770965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756662.003.0018
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses President Eisenhower's reorganization of the U.S. defense strategy. Eisenhower reorganized the National Security Council and further centralized authority within the Defense ... More


Military and Diplomatic Success in the Persian Gulf War

Spencer D. Bakich

in Success and Failure in Limited War: Information and Strategy in the Korean, Vietnam, Persian Gulf, and Iraq Wars

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226107684
eISBN:
9780226107851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107851.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In the Persian Gulf War, America sought to carefully construct a favorable strategic environment so that the war to oust Iraq from Kuwait would not expand to include Israel and the Arab states. To ... More


Reforming American Power: Civilian National Security Institutions in the Early Cold War and Beyond

William Inboden

in Sustainable Security: Rethinking American National Security Strategy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190611477
eISBN:
9780190611514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611477.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

To address how to reform civilian national security institutions for a new security strategy, this chapter explores the American past, giving particular attention to the creation of new institutions ... More


Introduction: Talk in Time of Crisis

David R. Gibson

in Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151311
eISBN:
9781400842438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151311.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter begins with a brief sketch of the events that unfolded during the Cuban missile crisis. It describes the Executive Committee of the National Security Council, or the ExComm, consisting ... More


The Vietnam War, Little Consolation

Spencer D. Bakich

in Success and Failure in Limited War: Information and Strategy in the Korean, Vietnam, Persian Gulf, and Iraq Wars

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226107684
eISBN:
9780226107851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107851.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In the Vietnam War, the U.S. sought to preserve the viability of a noncommunist South Vietnam. America waged a ground campaign in South Vietnam and an air campaign, “Rolling Thunder,” over North ... More


Military and Diplomatic Defeat in the Korean War

Spencer D. Bakich

in Success and Failure in Limited War: Information and Strategy in the Korean, Vietnam, Persian Gulf, and Iraq Wars

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226107684
eISBN:
9780226107851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107851.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In the Korean War, the U.S. attempted to “roll back” communism on the Korean Peninsula by seeking the destruction of North Korea in the fall of 1950. By widening its war aims from the restoration of ... More


The Response

David R. Gibson

in Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151311
eISBN:
9781400842438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151311.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on discussions about the initial U.S. response to the discovery of Soviet missiles. It argues that the choice of the blockade was only possible once a particular objection to ... More


“No Place to Fight a War”: Washington Backs Away from Laos

Seth Jacobs

in The Universe Unraveling: American Foreign Policy in Cold War Laos

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801445477
eISBN:
9780801464041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801445477.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines John F. Kennedy’s decision against U.S. military intervention in Laos during his April 27, 1961 meeting with congressional leaders. When the National Security Council (NSC) ... More


The Rise and Fall of the Military as a Political Force

İlter Turan

in Turkey’s Difficult Journey to Democracy: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199663989
eISBN:
9780191799341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663989.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyzes the changing role of the military in Turkish politics from guardian to accepting civilian supremacy. Street violence and ineffective coalitions brought another military ... More


The Blockade

David R. Gibson

in Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151311
eISBN:
9781400842438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151311.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines talk about how to enforce the blockade, in terms of which ships to stop and which to allow through. Because the blockade was, from the start, ill suited for the purpose of ... More


Constraints and Players: The External Environment, Proportional Representation System, and National Security Establishment

Charles D. Freilich

in Zion's Dilemmas: How Israel Makes National Security Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451041
eISBN:
9780801465741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451041.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter describes the uniquely harsh and dangerous external environment that Israel faces, along with its implications for the country's national security choices. It begins with an overview of ... More


“The Next Step”

Daniel F. Harrington

in Berlin on the Brink: The Blockade, the Airlift, and the Early Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813136134
eISBN:
9780813136837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136134.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Western powers had to decide their next step; Chapter 6 describes their deliberations. Long-term prospects appeared bleak: sooner or later the Western powers would have to abandon the city to ... More


The ExComm

David R. Gibson

in Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151311
eISBN:
9781400842438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151311.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter begins with some historical background, situating the ExComm, as a deliberative body, against the backdrop of the Bay of Pigs, where genuine deliberation was lacking. Then, it describes ... More


Conclusion

David R. Gibson

in Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151311
eISBN:
9781400842438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151311.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Reflecting on the decision-making process after the Cuban missile crisis was over, President Kennedy famously observed that “the essence of ultimate decision remains impenetrable to the ... More


Coping with the New Look

in From Hot War to Cold: The U.S. Navy and National Security Affairs, 1945–1955

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756662
eISBN:
9780804770965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756662.003.0019
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter continues the discussion of President Eisenhower's efforts to reorganize the country's defense strategy. A major overhaul of how the country prepared for its defense also required that ... More


Conclusions and Recommendations

Charles D. Freilich

in Zion's Dilemmas: How Israel Makes National Security Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451041
eISBN:
9780801465741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451041.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This book concludes with a review of the findings in the seven case studies, along with a discussion of the discrepancies between the posited and actual outcomes. It cites the unplanned nature of ... More


“Doomed to Failure”

Daniel F. Harrington

in Berlin on the Brink: The Blockade, the Airlift, and the Early Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813136134
eISBN:
9780813136837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136134.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Past authors argue the Western powers quickly adopted an “airlift strategy” to defeat the blockade. Exploring the airlift’s early limits, Chapter 5 disputes this contention. The airlift began as a ... More


Introduction

Charles D. Freilich

in Zion's Dilemmas: How Israel Makes National Security Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451041
eISBN:
9780801465741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451041.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This book examines the national security decision-making processes (DMPs) in Israel, focusing primarily on the prime ministerial and cabinet levels and on their interaction with the organs of the ... More


An Unexpected Success

Daniel F. Harrington

in Berlin on the Brink: The Blockade, the Airlift, and the Early Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813136134
eISBN:
9780813136837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136134.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Tunner transformed the airlift between August 1948 and April 1949, as described in Chapter 11. He replaced C-47s with larger C-54s, able to carry three times the cargo, established a Combined Air ... More


The Evolution of Civil–Military Relations in South Asia

Ayesha Siddiqa

in International Relations Theory and South Asia: Security, Political Economy, Domestic Politics, Identities, and Images Vol. 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198069652
eISBN:
9780199082742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069652.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

An analysis of civil–military relations draws on Samuel P. Huntington's theory, which looks at the issue from the command and control perspective. Hence, any military which adheres to the principle ... More


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