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Regulation and Funding of Research

Robert I. Field

in Health Care Regulation in America: Complexity, Confrontation, and Compromise

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195159684
eISBN:
9780199864423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159684.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the government's role in regulating and funding research. It traces the growth of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) into the largest single source of biomedical research ... More


How the Government Created the Pharmaceutical Industry

Robert I. Field

in Mother of Invention: How the Government Created "Free-Market" Health Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199746750
eISBN:
9780199354528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746750.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The pharmaceutical industry, perennially one of the most profitable,requires a steady flow of biomedical research to develop new products. However, investment in basic scienceis difficult for private ... More


The Government and the Private Market in Health Care

Robert I. Field

in Mother of Invention: How the Government Created "Free-Market" Health Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199746750
eISBN:
9780199354528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746750.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The American health care system, which appears on its surface as a predominantly private endeavour, actually rests on a foundation of government support. Itreflects a huge public-private partnership ... More


Funding Social Work Research: Federal and Foundation Opportunities

Ruth G. McRoy, Jerry P. Flanzer, and Joan Levy Zlotnik

in Building Research Culture and Infrastructure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195399646
eISBN:
9780199932757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399646.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Finding grant funding for research is one of the biggest challenges social work faculty and research administrators often face. While few research funding resources are specifically targeted only to ... More


Politics of Healing

John S. Haller

in Shadow Medicine: The Placebo in Conventional and Alternative Therapies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169042
eISBN:
9780231537704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169042.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the political pressures that led to the creation of the Office for the Study of Unconventional Medical Practices. The exponential growth for medical costs starting in the 1970s ... More


Funding the trial

Curtis L. Meinert and Susan Tonascia

in Clinical Trials: Design, Conduct and Analysis

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195035681
eISBN:
9780199864478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195035681.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

An essential step in the execution of a trial is the acquisition of funding to carry it out. The approach taken is influenced by whether the investigator or sponsor is responsible for initiating the ... More


The Allocation of Publicly Funded Biomedical Research

Frank R. Lichtenberg

in Medical Care Output and Productivity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226132266
eISBN:
9780226132303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226132303.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In the last century, the average health of the American people has improved dramatically. The mean life expectancy of Americans has increased almost twenty years, or two years per decade, since the ... More


Cost and related issues

Curtis L. Meinert and Susan Tonascia

in Clinical Trials: Design, Conduct and Analysis

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195035681
eISBN:
9780199864478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195035681.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes available cost data on trials, as provided in the National Institutes of Health Inventory of Clinical trials, and reviews factors that influence the cost of trials.


Government Priorities for Biomedical Research: What Does Justice Require?

Rebecca Dresser

in Law and Medicine: Current Legal Issues Volume 3

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299189
eISBN:
9780191685644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299189.003.0024
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

During the 1990s, US government priorities for biomedical research funding became the focus of heated debate. Some members of Congress joined with organizations advocating on behalf of persons with ... More


Race, Difference, and Genes

Myles W. Jackson

in The Genealogy of a Gene: Patents, HIV/AIDS, and Race

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028660
eISBN:
9780262327190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028660.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter situates the CCR5 gene, specifically the Δ‎32 allele, in the contexts of four distinct yet related enterprises- race and genomics, Big Pharma, personalized medicine, and personal ... More


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